Database / artillery  / 2s1 gvozdika self-propelled howitzer

2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 546
Competitor
M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer (~1594)  Compare
Used in:
+1400 in storage

2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
546 546 1594 1594
2s19 Msta-S 152 mm self-propelled howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
468 468 1594 1594
2s3 Akatsia Self-Propelled Howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
931 931 1594 1594
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  187 BKhIRVT Nizhneudinsk Central Military District CENTER

# 21431. 187 Sivash-Shtetting Order Lenin Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Labour Red Banner Base of Storage of Arms and Equipment. Address: 665102, Irkutsk distr, Nizhneudinsk. (86 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  103 BKhIRVT Shilovo Central Military District CENTER

# 32456. 103 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Novosibirsk distr, Shilovo. (84 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  39 arsenal (Ars-V) Perm Central Military District CENTER

39 arsenal (Ars-V). 2000: 71 pers., 23 2s5, 19 2s3, 33 2s1, 40 2s9, 39 2a36, 18 D-20

  57 OMSBR Bikin 5 A EAST

# 46102. 57 Detached mot rifle Krasnograd Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 682971, Khabarovsk distr, Bikin, Eastern town. ex 81 mot div. 2000: 233 mot rgt (Bikin), mot rgt (Vyazemsky), tk rgt, ad rgt (Bikin). 09.2005 practical exercises near Ussuryysk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  64 OMSBR Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

# 51460. 64 Detached mot rifle Brigade. Address: 680041, Khabarovsk-41. ex 882 mot rgt 270 mot div. 2000: 509 tk rgt, 102,478, 882 mot rgt, arty rgt (1 mlrs div, 2 howz div), 470 ad rgt (Osa), 128 EW bde. 09.2006 rgt military exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  37 OMSBR Kyakhta 36 A EAST

# 69647. 37th Detached Guard mot rifle Don Budapest Red Banner Order Red Star Brigade. ex5 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2

  247 BHIRVT Sibirtsevo 5 A EAST

# 30615. 247 Red Banner storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692380, Primorie, Chernigov distr, Monastyrische-2. (94 det mot bde) ex 121 mot div. mot rgt (Kamen'-Rybolov)- ex- 121 trg div- 291ind trg centr; tk rgt (Sibirtsevo), rgts (Lyalichi) ,1220 arty rgt (Lyalichi), 1136 ad rgt (Troitskoe). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  245 BHIRVT Lesozavodsk 5 A EAST

# 92910. 245 storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692039, Primorie, Lesozavodsk, Gagarina. (93 det mot bde) ex 130 mg arty div. ex- 135 mot div. 472 mot rgt, mlrs div (Lesozavodsk), rgt (Filino), rgt (Lazo), rgt (Panteleimonovka), arty rgt (Dal'nerechinsk). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB.

  227 BKhIRVT Divizionnaya 36 A EAST

# 44286. 227 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Ulan-Ude, Divizionnaya. (87 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  237 BHIRVT Bikin 5 A EAST

237 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (89 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  243 BHIRVT Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

243 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (92 det mot bde) ex 270 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  155 OBRMP Vladivostok Coastal Troops EAST

# 30926. 155 Detached Brigade of Naval Infantry. Address: Vladivostok, Snegovaya street, 31. ex 55th marines div. 2000: 2500 pers. 106,165,390 (# 36324) rgt, 84 bn, 921 arty rgt, 923 ad rgt, 263 msl bn, 1484 comm bn. 10.2007 comd staff trainings. 2007 commander: Maj Gen Vitaly Pushkin. 04.2008 trainings. 165, 106 rgt took part in Chechen war 01-05.1995. Fought for Groznyy, captured several points incl "Minutka" square. 03.1995 Group "North", captured Argun, Mesker-Yurt, Shali, Gudermes. 05.1995 in mountains near Shali. 06.1995 captured Vedeno. Chechen campaign losses: 34 killed. 106 rgt: fought near Agishti, Shali, Dachu-Borzoi, captured Kirov-Yurt. Chechen campaign losses: ?30 killed. 06.2004 took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 12.2006 commander col Valery Oleinikov faired from commander's rank for "dedovschina" case between marines of 390 rgt (rgt commander also faired). 2007: 106 marines rgt disbanded. 10.2008 comd staff exercises Stabilnost'-2008. ex-55 marines div till 03.?2009. 04.2009 field exercises. 04.2010 landing exercises. 04.2011 exercises at Desantnaya harbour. Field exercises of arty units. 09.2011 landing exercises near Kamchatka. 07.2012 comd staff exercises. 11.2012 visited by MoD minister Shoigu.

  34 OMSBR(G) Storozhevaya-2 49 A SOUTH

# 01485. 34th Detached mot rifle Brigade (mountain). Address: 369162, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Zlenechukskaya, Storozhevaya-2. #01485. formed 2007. 11.2007 comd staff exercises. 12.2007 trainings in mountains near Elbrus. 10.2008 visited by Gen Evnevich and Pres of Karachaevo-Cherkessia. 2008 commander: col Artur Shemaitis. Planned staff 2009: 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika – 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, ZU-23-2 - 8. 06.2009 trainings with Batalpash cassacks. 02.02.2010 exercises with horses (60 total in bde). 06.2011 exercises in Karachaevo-Cherkessia.

  33 ORBR(G) Maikop 49 A SOUTH

# 22179. 33rd Detached Recce Brigade (mountain). Address: Maikop, Krasnooktyabrsky. Formed 2007. 2283 pers. 08.2008 tool part in war in South Ossetia- recce bn entered via Roksky tunnel. Planned staff 2009: 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika – 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, ZU-23-2 - 8

  810 OBRMP Sevastopol Coastal Troops SOUTH

# 13140. 810 Detached Brigade of Naval Infantry. Address: Sevastopol, Kazach'ya. 881(882) cdo bn. 1088 pers., 46 BTR-80, 52 BMP, 18 2s1, 6 2s9, 28 MT-LB. 9.05.2003 400 soldiers took part in V-day parade in Moscow. 2003 rgt commander: lt.-cln Dmitry Kraev. 09.2003 881 bn - landing trainings in Crimea. 03.2004 took part in military exercises in BLS. 07.2006: comd-staff trainings, descent operation exercises at Opuk (Ukraine). 2006 commander col Eduard Zhivaev. 11.2007 celebrated its 40th anniversary. 07.2008 Kavkaz-2008 exercises. 09.2008 field trainings. 02.2009 810 rgt reformed to bde. 02.2009 antiterror exercises. 03.2009 descent cdo bn exercises at Opuk. 04.2010 landing exercises at Abkhazia. 03.2011 exercises at Opuk, Gvozdika firings. 2011 commander: col Vladimir Belyavsky. 05.2011 took mountaing trainings in South Ossetia. 07.2011 tactical exercises at Opuk. 09.2011 commad staff exercises jointly with 7th cdo airborne bde. 07.2012 field exercises. 09.2012 got ADS from disbanded 1096 AD rgt.

  27 OMSBR Vidnoe-4 District Central Command WEST

# 61899. 27th Detached Guard mot rifle Sevastopol Red Banner Brigade named by 60 years of USSR. Address: Moscow, Vidnoe-4. Earlier at Mosrengen. 2000: 2290 pers., 29 T-80; 131 BTR-80; 69 BMP (64 BMP-2, 5 BRM-1K); 12 - 2s1 Gvozdika, 24 - 2s12 Sani; 2 PRP-3, 9 R-145BM. 04-05.2007, 2009 took part in trainings preparing to Military Parade in Moscow devoted to V-day. Planned staff 2009: 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika – 12, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 24, 9P148 Konkurs – 8, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, zu-23-2 – 6. 41(82) T-90, 54 BTR-82A, BMP-3. 4393?(3500?) pers

  216 BKhIRVT Petrozavodsk District Central Command WEST

216 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Petrozavodsk. (4th det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP – 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB

  61 OPMP Sputnik Coastal Troops WEST

# 38643. 61 Detached Kirkiness Red Banner Regiment of Naval Infantry. Address: 184411, Murmansk distr, Pechenga, Sputnik. ex 61 detached marines bde. 2000: 874, 875 rgt, 876 cdo bn. 1270 pers., 74 T-80B, 59 BTR-80, 12 2s1, 22 2s9, 11 2s23, 134 MT-LBT. 07.2007 comd.staff exercises. 876 cdo bn took part in Chechen war. 01.1995 fought for Groznyy, captured sniper's school, losses 26 killed/MIA incl 11 sgts, 2 commanders. 3rd company captured Dudaev's palace. 02.1995 Group "North". 10.1999 Group "East". Chechen campaign losses: 27 killed/MIA. 02.2004 took part in exercises in NOR. ?company (commander cpt Dmitry Belyy) 06.2004 took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 07.2008 tactical exercises. 02.2009 field exercises. 03.2011 exercises jointly with recce units of 200th det mot bde. 04.2011 field arty exercises, jumpings from An-26. 09.2011 landing exercises. 2013: forming back to bde in 2014.

  336 OBRMP Baltyysk Coastal Troops WEST

# 06017. 336 Detached Guard Belostok Order Suvorov Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade of Naval Infantry. Address: Kaliningrad distr, Baltyysk. 877,878 rgt, 879 cdo bn. 2000: 1157 pers., 26 T-72, 131 BTR-80, 24 2s1, 22 2s9, 59 MT-LB. 09.2007 fleet comd.staff exercises. 879 cdo bn took part in Chechen war: ex-commander maj Alexander Darkovich. 01.1995 fought for Groznyy, captured "green district". 02.1995 Group "West", captured hospital. Chechen campaign losses: 47 killed/MIA. 09.05.2006 took part in V-day parade in Moscow. 07.2006: comd-staff trainings, descent operation exercises at Khmelevka. 2009 - 134 BTR, 18 ARTY, 12 2S9, 9 Konkurs, 18 Fagot, 9 Shilka, 10 S-10, 45 Igla. 09.2010 descent operation exercises at Khmelevka. 10.2011 tactical exercises during MD inspection. 2012 commander: colonel Yury Boichenko. 06.2012 air landings.


Crew 4
Weight, tons 15.7
Dimensions, m 7.26 x 2.72 x 2.85
Engine V-8, 300 hp, Diesel
Range, km 500 km
Speed (km/h) 60/30/swim 4.5
ARMAMENT 122-mm, canon, 2A31, cal 36, loader Semi-automatic
Horizontal sliding wedge
Elevation, deg -3/+70
FIRE CONTROL PG-2 Panoramic Telescope (PANTEL)
OP 5-37
Collimator K-1
AMMUNITION 122-mm Frag-HE, OF-81, range 1000/15,300, vel 680 m/s, fuzetype RGM-2 PD
122-mm, HEAT-FS, fuze type GPV-2 PIBD
122-mm Frag-HE Rocket Assisted, range 21,900, fuze type PD
Incendiary, Chemical, Flechette, Expendable Jammer, Semi-active laser-guided Kitolov-2M Frag-HE


[CROSSREFERENCES: USED BY ]

Marines
Total number of marines in 2004: 7500. In 1989 coastal troops and marines were merged into coastal troops. Thus from the management point of view, marines were part of Coastal troops - structure under command of Navy, also included coastal artillery and ASM brigades, security and defence ...[+]

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

122mm rounds for artillery systems
122mm ROUNDS WITH 3OF56 HE FRAGMENTATION PROJECTILE FOR D-30 HOWITZER AND 2S1 SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER Round designations: - 3VOF81 (with full propelling charge); - 3VOF82 (with reduced propelling charge). The rounds are intended to neutralize and destroy hostile tactical attack weapons, artillery ...[+]


The all-welded steel hull of the 2S1 is divided into three compartments: driver's at the front on the left, engine to the right of the driver and the turret at the rear. The welded turret, which does not overhang the side of the hull, has a well-sloped front and sides with the commander seated on the left, gunner in front of and below the commander and the loader on the right. The indirect sight is mounted in the roof of the turret, forward of the commander's cupola with the direct sight being mounted to the left of the main armament. A long stowage box is often mounted on the left side of the turret and there is a large door in the rear of the hull, hinged on the left side. The rear door has a single firing port in the center.

The suspension system is similar to the MT-LB multi-purpose tracked vehicle's and consists of seven road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear, but no track-return rollers. An unusual feature of the 2S1 is that the suspension can be adjusted to give different heights, which is of particular use when the vehicle is being transported by tactical transport aircraft. The 2S1's main armament, designated the 2A31, is a modified version of the 122-mm D-30 towed howitzer. The ordnance is fitted with a fume extractor and muzzle brake and is held in position when traveling via a lock on the hull glacis plate which is operated by remote-control by the driver. A power rammer and extractor are fitted to the folding guard rail to enable a higher rate of fire to be achieved and to permit loading at any angle of elevation. A maximum sustained rate of fire of 5-8 rds/min can be obtained with a sustained rate of fire of 70 rounds for the first hour and, of the 40 122-mm projectiles normally carried, 32 are HE, six smoke and two HEAT-FS.

Of the 40 rounds of 122-mm ammunition carried, 16 are in standby stowage on the left and right of the sidewalls. When in action, ammunition would normally be used from outside the 2S1 system and fed to the crew inside via a ramp. One of the two ammunition members outside the vehicle is connected to the vehicle intercom and would fuse the projectiles before they are passed into the vehicle. The remaining 24 projectiles and charges are stowed near the loader's position with the empty cartridge cases being ejected outside the turret. The HE projectile has a maximum range of 15300-m. Other ammunition types available include leaflet, HE/RAP (range of 21900 m), armor piercing high explosive, flechette, and chemical projectiles. Standard equipment includes infra-red night vision lights and an NBC system. It is fully amphibious, being propelled in the water by its tracks. Any water that enters the hull during amphibious operations is removed via the exhaust outlet using the bilge pump. Whilst afloat only 30 rounds (projectiles and charges) are carried.

 

2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer image #315

2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer image #316



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