Database / artillery  / zsu shilka self-propelled ad system

ZSU Shilka self-propelled AD system

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 133

Used in:
Marines

2s1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
546 546 1594 1594
2s19 Msta-S 152 mm self-propelled howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
468 468 1594 1594
2s3 Akatsia Self-Propelled Howitzer | M109A6 Paladin Self Propelled Howitzer
931 931 1594 1594
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  201 VB Dushanbe, Tajikistan Central Military District CENTER

201 Gatchina Twice Red Banner Military Base. Address: 620219, Ekaterinburg, Lenina, 71. In fact, Tajikistan, Dushanbe. ex- 201 mot div, 5500 pers. Kurgan-Tyuba, Kulyaba. 3 x rgt, 4 separate bn. Spent RUR 3 bln for garrison reconstruction. 07.2008 trainings in mountains, firings. 01.2009 inspected by VU CINC. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 24, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4– 6, ZU-23-2 – 4. Reformed to 3 bns' det mot bde. 05.2011 delivered new biege uniform. 08.2011 tank firings exercises at test range. 09.2011 inspected by GT CINC. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises. 06.2012 Peace Mission-2012 exercises: 350 soldiers, 50 weapon units. 09.2012 command staff exercises.

  187 BKhIRVT Nizhneudinsk Central Military District CENTER

# 21431. 187 Sivash-Shtetting Order Lenin Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Labour Red Banner Base of Storage of Arms and Equipment. Address: 665102, Irkutsk distr, Nizhneudinsk. (86 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  103 BKhIRVT Shilovo Central Military District CENTER

# 32456. 103 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Novosibirsk distr, Shilovo. (84 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  104 BKhIRVT Aleysk Central Military District CENTER

104 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Altai distr, Aleysk. (85 det mot bde). ex- mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  18 PULAD Goryachie Klyuchi (Sakhalin) 68 AK EAST

# 05812. 18 Machine-Gun Artillery Division. Address: 694534, Sakhalin, Kurili distr, Goryachie Klyuchi. tk rgt (Kunashir), mot bn (Iturup): 46, 49, 484 mg arty rgts. 04.2008 inspected by FE staff. 2008 commander: col Valery Asapov? Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2A36 Giatsint-B – 36, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 12, ZSU-23-4 - 12. 2010: T-55 tanks changed to T-80BV.

  70 OMSBR Ussuryysk (Far East) 5 A EAST

# 24776. 70 Detached Guard mot rifle Dukhovschino-Khingan Order October Revolution Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 692723, Primorie, Khasan distr, Barabash. ex 129 mg arty div (231 mot rgt). 2000: mg arty rgt (Ussuryysk), tk rgt, ad rgt (Zanadvorovka), arty rgt 2S19. 10.2007 arty trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  59 OMSBR Sergeevka 5 A EAST

# 44980. 59 Detached mot rifle Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 692591, Primorie, Pogranicnyy distr, Sergeevka. ex 127 mg arty div. 2000: 2 mg arty rgts (Sergeevka)- ex- 277 moto div- 130 mg arty rgt (314 moto rgt)(Pogranichnyy), mg arty rgt (Lipovtsy), arty rgt (Barano-Orenburzhskoe). 06.2004 took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 10.2007 arty trainings. 2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. 05.2008: 76th anniversary.2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  69 OBRP Babstovo (JAD) 35 A EAST

# 61424. 69 Detached Svir-Pomeransk Red Banner Order Red Star Amur Cossak Brigade of security. Address: 682273, JAD, Babstovo. ex 128 mg arty div. Babstovo, Leninsk, ad rgt (Osa) in Babstovo. 02.2006 bn level trainings. 2006 commander: Maj Gen Khasansh Baksanov. Planned staff 2009: ZSU-23-4 – 16, ZU-23-2 – 18

  60 OMSBR Sibirtsevo/Lipovtsy 5 A EAST

# 16871. 60th Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 692680, Primorie, Kamen-Rybolov. ex 218 tk rgt 127 mg arty div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  247 BHIRVT Sibirtsevo 5 A EAST

# 30615. 247 Red Banner storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692380, Primorie, Chernigov distr, Monastyrische-2. (94 det mot bde) ex 121 mot div. mot rgt (Kamen'-Rybolov)- ex- 121 trg div- 291ind trg centr; tk rgt (Sibirtsevo), rgts (Lyalichi) ,1220 arty rgt (Lyalichi), 1136 ad rgt (Troitskoe). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  245 BHIRVT Lesozavodsk 5 A EAST

# 92910. 245 storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692039, Primorie, Lesozavodsk, Gagarina. (93 det mot bde) ex 130 mg arty div. ex- 135 mot div. 472 mot rgt, mlrs div (Lesozavodsk), rgt (Filino), rgt (Lazo), rgt (Panteleimonovka), arty rgt (Dal'nerechinsk). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB.

  227 BKhIRVT Divizionnaya 36 A EAST

# 44286. 227 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Ulan-Ude, Divizionnaya. (87 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  230 BHIRVT Dachnoe Eastern MD EAST

230 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (88 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  237 BHIRVT Bikin 5 A EAST

237 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (89 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  240 BHIRVT Belogorsk 35 A EAST

240 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (90 sep mot bde) ex 21 mot dov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  243 BHIRVT Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

243 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (92 det mot bde) ex 270 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  225 BHIRVT Yasnaya 29 A EAST

225 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. (29 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  216 BKhIRVT Petrozavodsk District Central Command WEST

216 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Petrozavodsk. (4th det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP – 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB

  336 OBRMP Baltyysk Coastal Troops WEST

# 06017. 336 Detached Guard Belostok Order Suvorov Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade of Naval Infantry. Address: Kaliningrad distr, Baltyysk. 877,878 rgt, 879 cdo bn. 2000: 1157 pers., 26 T-72, 131 BTR-80, 24 2s1, 22 2s9, 59 MT-LB. 09.2007 fleet comd.staff exercises. 879 cdo bn took part in Chechen war: ex-commander maj Alexander Darkovich. 01.1995 fought for Groznyy, captured "green district". 02.1995 Group "West", captured hospital. Chechen campaign losses: 47 killed/MIA. 09.05.2006 took part in V-day parade in Moscow. 07.2006: comd-staff trainings, descent operation exercises at Khmelevka. 2009 - 134 BTR, 18 ARTY, 12 2S9, 9 Konkurs, 18 Fagot, 9 Shilka, 10 S-10, 45 Igla. 09.2010 descent operation exercises at Khmelevka. 10.2011 tactical exercises during MD inspection. 2012 commander: colonel Yury Boichenko. 06.2012 air landings.


Probability (%), target Mig-17, target speed 250 m/s, altitude (m): 200 m 28%, 500 - 35%, 1500 -39%
Range of direct shot, m 1100
Max range, m 5500
Bullet velocity, m/s 1000
Rate of fire, sh/min. 200-240
Weight 28000

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

RANZHIR-M UNIFIED AD BATTERY COMMAND POST
Intended for the automated control of AD batteries armed with the Tor-M1, Tunguska-M1, Strela-10M2, Strela-10M3 or Igla ADM systems. It is an autonomous complex incorporating automatic control and communications equipment, as well as power supply and life support systems mounted on the GM ...[+]


Close-in air defense (AD) systems play special role among field air defense weapons. Their primary task is to provide air defense of motorized and tank units and subunits in maneuvering combat and on the march by delivering fire on the move. Besides, practical close-in fighting requires that the systems be outfitted with effective AD guns capable of engaging both air and ground targets. The most successful type of these weapon systems is Russia’s famous Shilka self-propelled AD gun mount developed in the early 1960s and designed to fight primarily tactical aircraft and helicopters. The advent of tactical precision-guided weapons (PGW) called for the introduction of a missile channel to fight aircraft and helicopters before they could fire PGW. As a consequence, the renowned Tunguska AD gun-missile system was developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau and built in the 1980s.



Shilka SP gun mount

The intense development of air attack weapons has changed the approach to the modernization of this class of AD weapons. According to experts, the modernization potentialities of such systems as the Shilka and Tunguska have not yet been exhausted and optimal updating can considerably extend their service life, while their combat effectiveness canl satisfy the present-day requirements.

The principal lines of modernization of these systems are described below.

ZSU-23-4 Shilka Self-Propelled Air Defense Gun Mount

The modernization seeks for state-of-the-art design and technologies to update the self-propelled (SP) air defense gun mounts and make them effective in heavy electronic countermeasures (ECM) environments, in adverse weather and dust-laden conditions, in any season and at any time of day or night. The modernization envisages:

1. Integration of the modernized Shilka gun mounts into a unified army information system of air target reconnaissance and designation by organically assigning a mobile air target reconnaissance and control post (MRCP), Sborka, to the battery as its command post (BCP).

2. Improvement of the gun mount’s main part—the RPK-2 radar-computer complex (85 percent of the equipment accommodated in the turret) and creation of a new complex, the RPK-2U.



Battery command post:
Sborka MRCP

The radar has been virtually replaced by a new one, operating on the same frequency band but based on solid-state components: all units and systems of the radar have been subjected to modernization and the radar equipment is accommodated in five cabinets (instead of seven). The RPK-2U complex incorporates:

— digital computer system (DCS) which jointly with the radar makes up a fire control radar system (base system);

— television-aided sight and laser rangefinder which together with the radar and digital computer system form an optical-radar fire control system (ORFCS) operating in the passive mode both day and night (moonlight at a quarter of the moon);

— equipment, including:

(a) data receiving/transmitting (DRT) equipment for the gun mount to exchange information with the Sborka battery command post via a telecoded communication channel for reception of external target designation signals and operational control of the Shilka battery engaging a target by one, two, three and more gun mounts;

(b) digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters;



Ranzhir

(c) trainer for radar operators;

(d) built-in equipment for check and adjustment of the RPK-2U complex low-frequency automatics and turret laying drives (2E2) in static and dynamic conditions;

(e) commander’s guidance unit (CGU).

3. Replacement of a number of systems, units and assemblies by up-to-date ones boasting higher technical and operating characteristics.

4. Updating of the base tracked vehicle and crew life support system.

The fire control radar system has been modified with the aim to:

— extend the air situation information field by integrating the gun mount into the unified field AD system;

— reduce the time of information processing in the fire control system (dead time);

— redistribute regular and random errors and pass bands of the follow-up systems and groups of the radar- computer complex systems;

— change the principle of introducing corrections for the angles of tilt and turn of the mount on the move;

— change the principle of error determination in the generation of total laying angles of the automatic guns;

— introduce and automatically account for meteorological data, corrections for changes in the muzzle velocity due to barrel bore wear, corrections in orientation and others (all refer to know-how);

— change the method of processing secondary information;

— modify some existing modes of battle performance.

The following innovations have been introduced:

– modes of operation to handle low-flying targets in heavy ECM environments (by the stored rate of range variation, stored target coordinates received from the digital computer system, moving target indication (MTI) by radar angular coordinates;


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— automated control of the gun mount battle performance from a higher command post (HCP);

— built-in check of the electronic equipment;

— mode of radar operators’ training.

The above innovations have made it possible to:

— cosiderably enhance the air target search potential and acquisition probability;

— improve the radar immunity to passive jamming (with the introduction of angular automation channel protection and modernization of the MTI system range channel), active range deception jamming and tracking a jammer by angular coordinates (with the introduction of modes of tracking by the stored rate of target range variation and its inertial range and angle-aided tracking by signals from the digital computer system);

— provide the security of operation in heavy ECM environments (with the introduction of the optical-radar system);

— improve the precision characteristics of the follow-up systems and groups of the radar-computer complex systems;

— reduce the surveillance time of the fire control system.

The implementation of the above modifications has enhanced the effectiveness of fighting high-speed (up to 500 m/s) and small targets maneuvering at altitudes down to 25 m (0 m with the introduction of the ORS) rather than 100 m.

The air target (aircraft, helicopter) kill probability during one pass of the engagement zone at an ammunition expenditure of up to 300 rounds per gun mount constitutes 0.3 to 0.74 (rather than 0.07 to 0.12) and depends on the organization of control over the combat activity of the battery gun mounts from the higher command post and engagement of the target by one, two, three and more mounts. In addition to better technical characteristics, the operating characteristics have been also improved by providing:

— prompt functional check of the radar-computer complex and its components;

— means to upgrade training and practice of radar operators in handling air targets in heavy ECM environments without aircraft flights (up to five targets with simulation of operation under conditions of passive and noise jamming);

— better controllability and maneuverability of the tracked vehicle and reduced labor content required to maintain and operate the vehicle;

— higher reliability of starting the traction engine;

— better habitability conditions.

The service life of a modernized gun mount after the overhaul of non-modernized systems, units and assemblies has been extended, with spare parts being supplied.

The modernization of the Shilka SP gun mount changes the latter into a modern AD system which fits readily into training, repair and operating structures of clients and can provide cover of stationary installations, tank and motorized columns on the march in adverse weather and dust-laden conditions, in any season and at any time of day or night where other systems outfitted with optical guidance and control systems prove ineffective.

Tunguska-M1 Air Defense Gun-Missile System

Compared to the Tunguska-M, the Tunguska-M1 system ensures:



Tunguska-M1 SP mount

— automatic guidance of AD missiles (with manual correction for minor guidance deviations);

— automatic exchange of information with the battery command post (for higher efficiency of battery activity);

— batter immunity of the missile guidance channel (engagement of targets using optical decoys);

— engagement of small targets (cruise missiles of the ALCM type) owing to the use of a radar proximity target sensor (PTS) with circular radiation pattern;

— increase of the engagement zone within a range of 8 to 10 km.

Overall, the combat effectiveness of the Tunguska-M1 system in ECM environments is 1.3 to 1.5 times higher than that of the Tunguska-M system.

As compared to the 9M311 air defense missile, the 9M311-1M is noted for:

— installation of a radar proximity target sensor in place of the 8-beam laser one;

— installation of a pulsed light on the sustainer in place of the flare;

— increased operating time of the missile components which has allowed the firing range to be extended from 8 to 10 km.

The Tunguska-M system can be modernized by the manufacturing plant up to the Tunguska-M1 level.

The modernization package for the series-produced Tunguska-M system includes:

1. Introduction of reception and automatically controlled external target designation equipment in the SP mount. The equipment is interfaced with the battery command post over a radio channel which allows automatic distribution of targets among the battery SP mounts from the Ranzhir battery command post and considerably enhances the system combat effectiveness to repel mass attacks.

2. Introduction of a relief circuit to significantly facilitate the gunner’s work in optical tracking of a moving air target as if it were a stationary one. This considerably reduces tracking errors, which is essential for engagement of a target by a missile as in this case the miss value should not exceed 5 m.

3. Improvement of the coordinate determination equipment due to the application of a new type missile outfitted with a pulsed light in addition to the source of continuous light. This innovation significantly enhances the immunity of the equipment to optical decoys and the kill probability of targets using optical decoys. The employment of the new missile extends the target engagement range up to 10,000 m.

4. Modified system for measurement of tilt, gradient and course angles to allow an appreciable reduction in the perturbing action on gyros which occurs during movement of the SP mount, reduce errors in measurement of tilt and course angles of the SP mount, enhance the automatic gun fire control loop stability and, consequently, the kill probability.

The Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant, the leading producer of renowned and advanced close-in and medium-range air defense weapons, offers modernized versions of the Shilka and Tunguska-M systems.

These are our offers for your consideration. Should you accept them, you will acquire highly effective air defense systems to ensure your country’s national security.

 

ZSU Shilka self-propelled AD system image #322

ZSU Shilka self-propelled AD system image #323



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