Database / tanks  / t-72 mbt

T-72 MBT

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 2284
Competitor
M1A2 Abrams MBT (~1174)  Compare
Used in:
< 8000 in reserve or storage. 155 upgraded to T-72B2. 300 upgraded to T-72B3. 12.2013 All T-80 were withdrawn from service. (MoD)

T-72 MBT | M1A2 Abrams MBT
2284 2284 1174 1174
T-80 MBT | M1A2 Abrams MBT
188 188 1174 1174
T-90 MBT | M1A2 Abrams MBT
266 266 1174 1174
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  21 OMSBR Totskoe 2 A CENTER

# 12128. 21 Detached Guard mot rifle Omsk-Novobug Red Banner Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 461134, Orenburg distr, Totskoe. ex- 27 mot div. 2000: 506, 433 mot rgts, 152 tk rgt, 268 arty rgt, 838 ad rgt. Some units took part in Chechen war 1994. 2000: 185 T-72, 318 BMP, 159 BTR, 36 2s19 Msta-S, 98 2s3 Akatsia, 13 Grad. 08.2008 bn exercises, firings. Till 06.2009 reforming to bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  15 OMSBR Roschinskyy 2 A CENTER

# 90600. 15 Detached Guard mot rifle Berlin Red Banner Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 443539, Samara distr, Roschinskyy. ex-589 ind mot rgt. 2005: 100% contract service. 04.2008 visited by Japanese MoD minister. 08.2008 one unit took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: 2B14 Podnos- 18, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 9, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72BM*, 130 BTR-70M. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  23 OMSBR Samara 2 A CENTER

# 65349. 23 Detached Guard mot rifle Petrakuvskaya Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitsyy Brigade. Address: 443101, Samara. ex- 81 separate mot rgt. 2000: 2162 pers., 30 T-72, 126 BMP-1, 25 2s3 Akatsia, 10 MT-LBT. Moved from Germany (90 tk div). Took part in Chechen war. Ex-commander col Yaroslavtsev and Head of Staff lt.col Burlakov injured 12.1994. During assault of Groznyy 1,2 bns were captured, got huge losses (150 killed/MIA). 02.1994 put in reserve in airport Severnyy. 04.1995 moved from Chechnya. Total losses: 157 killed/MIA. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa– 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  32 OMSBR Novosibirsk 41 A CENTER

# 22316. 32 Detached mot rifle Leningrad-Pavlov Red Banner Brigade. Address: 630017, Novosibirsk. ex 85 mot div (228 mot rgt). 2000: 59, 141, 228 mot rgt, 387 tk rgt, 167 arty rgt, 1131 ad rgt. 2009: in formation of bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  35 OMSBR Aleisk 41 A CENTER

# 41659. 35 Detached Guard mot rifle Volgograd-Kiev Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 658130, Altay distr, Aleisk. ex 122 mot div. relocated from Dauria. 12.2005: 100% formed of contract service. 2008 commander: col Andrey Khoptyar. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  74 OMSBR Yurga 41 A CENTER

# 21005. 74 Detached Guard mot rifle Zvenigorod-Berlin Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 652053, Kemerovo distr, Yurga. ex- 94 mot div relocated from Germany. Ex-commander Col Bakhin injured, later since 1995 col Nikolai Batalov. 30.12.1994 in Chechnya in reserve: 3000+persons, 45 tanks, 115 BMP. Fought in street fights in Groznyy. 02.1995 moved to Sever Group, attacked south part of Groznyy. 20-23.03.1995 attacked Argun and Mesker-Yurt, blocked Argun, captured Gudermes, Petropavlovskaya, Il'inskaya. 1999 Vostochnaya zone, Chechnya, 01.2000 Serzhen' Yurt. 1994-1996 losses in Chechnya - 120 persons (?). 09.2003 regional comd.-staff trainings. 09.2005 military exercises. 09.2008 comd staff exercises. 03.2009 complex exercises of military reform. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 43 า-72, 120 มฬฯ-3*? 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  201 VB Dushanbe, Tajikistan Central Military District CENTER

201 Gatchina Twice Red Banner Military Base. Address: 620219, Ekaterinburg, Lenina, 71. In fact, Tajikistan, Dushanbe. ex- 201 mot div, 5500 pers. Kurgan-Tyuba, Kulyaba. 3 x rgt, 4 separate bn. Spent RUR 3 bln for garrison reconstruction. 07.2008 trainings in mountains, firings. 01.2009 inspected by VU CINC. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 24, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4– 6, ZU-23-2 – 4. Reformed to 3 bns' det mot bde. 05.2011 delivered new biege uniform. 08.2011 tank firings exercises at test range. 09.2011 inspected by GT CINC. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises. 06.2012 Peace Mission-2012 exercises: 350 soldiers, 50 weapon units. 09.2012 command staff exercises.

  28 OMSBR Ekaterinburg Central Military District CENTER

# 61423. 28th Detached mot rifle Simferopol Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade named by S. Ordzhonikidze. Address: 620070, Ekaterinburg. ex 34th mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises.

  7 OTBR Chebarkul Central Military District CENTER

# 89547. 7th Detached Guard Tank Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Oder Alexandr Nevsky Orenburg Cossack Brigade. Address: 456412, Chelyabinsk distr, Chebarkul. ex 295 mot rgt 34 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-72, 55 BMP-1/2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 06.2012 took part in tactical special exercises Metel-2012.

  103 BKhIRVT Shilovo Central Military District CENTER

# 32456. 103 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Novosibirsk distr, Shilovo. (84 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  18 PULAD Goryachie Klyuchi (Sakhalin) 68 AK EAST

# 05812. 18 Machine-Gun Artillery Division. Address: 694534, Sakhalin, Kurili distr, Goryachie Klyuchi. tk rgt (Kunashir), mot bn (Iturup): 46, 49, 484 mg arty rgts. 04.2008 inspected by FE staff. 2008 commander: col Valery Asapov? Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2A36 Giatsint-B – 36, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 12, ZSU-23-4 - 12. 2010: T-55 tanks changed to T-80BV.

  70 OMSBR Ussuryysk (Far East) 5 A EAST

# 24776. 70 Detached Guard mot rifle Dukhovschino-Khingan Order October Revolution Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 692723, Primorie, Khasan distr, Barabash. ex 129 mg arty div (231 mot rgt). 2000: mg arty rgt (Ussuryysk), tk rgt, ad rgt (Zanadvorovka), arty rgt 2S19. 10.2007 arty trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  59 OMSBR Sergeevka 5 A EAST

# 44980. 59 Detached mot rifle Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 692591, Primorie, Pogranicnyy distr, Sergeevka. ex 127 mg arty div. 2000: 2 mg arty rgts (Sergeevka)- ex- 277 moto div- 130 mg arty rgt (314 moto rgt)(Pogranichnyy), mg arty rgt (Lipovtsy), arty rgt (Barano-Orenburzhskoe). 06.2004 took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 10.2007 arty trainings. 2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. 05.2008: 76th anniversary.2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  57 OMSBR Bikin 5 A EAST

# 46102. 57 Detached mot rifle Krasnograd Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 682971, Khabarovsk distr, Bikin, Eastern town. ex 81 mot div. 2000: 233 mot rgt (Bikin), mot rgt (Vyazemsky), tk rgt, ad rgt (Bikin). 09.2005 practical exercises near Ussuryysk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  64 OMSBR Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

# 51460. 64 Detached mot rifle Brigade. Address: 680041, Khabarovsk-41. ex 882 mot rgt 270 mot div. 2000: 509 tk rgt, 102,478, 882 mot rgt, arty rgt (1 mlrs div, 2 howz div), 470 ad rgt (Osa), 128 EW bde. 09.2006 rgt military exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  69 OBRP Babstovo (JAD) 35 A EAST

# 61424. 69 Detached Svir-Pomeransk Red Banner Order Red Star Amur Cossak Brigade of security. Address: 682273, JAD, Babstovo. ex 128 mg arty div. Babstovo, Leninsk, ad rgt (Osa) in Babstovo. 02.2006 bn level trainings. 2006 commander: Maj Gen Khasansh Baksanov. Planned staff 2009: ZSU-23-4 – 16, ZU-23-2 – 18

  38 OMSBR Belogorsk 35 A EAST

# 21720. 38 Detached Guard mot rifle Vitebsk Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 676853, Amur distr, Belogorsk. ex 21 mot div. 2000: 143 mot rgt (Ekaterinoslavka), 57 mg arty rgt (Blagoveschensk), +ex - 21 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia - 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska– 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-2*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2011 comd staff exercises

  39 OMSBR Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 68 AK EAST

# 35390. 39 Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 693002, yuzho-Sakhalinsk, Dzerzhinskogo str, 32. ex 33 mot div. 2000: 465 mot rgt (Leonidovo), 385 mot rgt (Dachnoe), tk bn (Khomutovo), 12.2007 comd staff exercises. 01.2008 military comd staff exercises. 07.2008 practice firings. 01.2009 sniper, RPG trainings, comd-staff exercises. 02.2009 tk firing exercises. 03.2009 field company's trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S5 Giatsint-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 02.2011 inspection by combat readiness by District Staff.

  83 ODShBR Ussuryysk Airborne Troops EAST

# 71289. 83 Detached assault (cdo) Brigade. Address: 692500, Primorie, Ussuryysk, Tikhii str. 635, 654 bns, 9 howz arty div, 111 tk bn (T-80B). 06.2004 ? Company took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 07.2009 company took part in Peace Mission joint Rus-Sino exercises.

  36 OMSBR Borzya 29 A EAST

# 06705. 36 Detached Guard mot rifle Lozovskaya Red Banner Brigade. Address: 674600, Zabaikal distr, Borzya. ex- 131 mg arty div, 38 mot div. 113 mot rgt - Dosatuy, 115 mot rgt- Yasnaya, 408 mot rgt- Nerchenskyy zavod, 279 tk rgt, 88 arty rgt. 11.2006 arty/mort trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons. 03.2011 tank firings. 04.2011 inspected by 29OA CINC commission. 07.2011 exercises at Tsugol test range.

  5 OTBR Ulan Ude 36 A EAST

# 46108. 5 Detached Guard Tank Tatsinskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: Buryatia, Ulan-Ude. ex storage. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-72, 55 BMP-2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  37 OMSBR Kyakhta 36 A EAST

# 69647. 37th Detached Guard mot rifle Don Budapest Red Banner Order Red Star Brigade. ex5 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2

  60 OMSBR Sibirtsevo/Lipovtsy 5 A EAST

# 16871. 60th Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 692680, Primorie, Kamen-Rybolov. ex 218 tk rgt 127 mg arty div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  247 BHIRVT Sibirtsevo 5 A EAST

# 30615. 247 Red Banner storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692380, Primorie, Chernigov distr, Monastyrische-2. (94 det mot bde) ex 121 mot div. mot rgt (Kamen'-Rybolov)- ex- 121 trg div- 291ind trg centr; tk rgt (Sibirtsevo), rgts (Lyalichi) ,1220 arty rgt (Lyalichi), 1136 ad rgt (Troitskoe). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  245 BHIRVT Lesozavodsk 5 A EAST

# 92910. 245 storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692039, Primorie, Lesozavodsk, Gagarina. (93 det mot bde) ex 130 mg arty div. ex- 135 mot div. 472 mot rgt, mlrs div (Lesozavodsk), rgt (Filino), rgt (Lazo), rgt (Panteleimonovka), arty rgt (Dal'nerechinsk). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB.

  230 BHIRVT Dachnoe Eastern MD EAST

230 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (88 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  237 BHIRVT Bikin 5 A EAST

237 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (89 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  240 BHIRVT Belogorsk 35 A EAST

240 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (90 sep mot bde) ex 21 mot dov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  243 BHIRVT Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

243 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (92 det mot bde) ex 270 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  467 OUTs Kovrov (Vladimir) Central Comd MoD GS

# 30616. 467 District Training Moscow-Tartus Red Banner Center of training of young specialists. Address: Vladimir, distr, Kovrov-6. 2000: 6169 pers., 285 tanks, 179 BTR/BMP

  467 OUTs Kovrov (Vladimir) Central Comd MoD GS

# 30616. 467 District Training Moscow-Tartus Red Banner Center of training of young specialists. Address: Vladimir, distr, Kovrov-6. 2000: 6169 pers., 285 tanks, 179 BTR/BMP

  18 OMSBR Khankala 58 A SOUTH

# 27777. 18 Detached Guard mot rifle Evpatoria Red Banner Brigade. Address: Chechen rep, Khankala. ex 42 mot div. 2005: 18,000 pers., 72 mot rgt (Kalinoskaya), 71 mot rgt (Khankala), 70 mot rgt, 392 tk rgt, 50 arty rgt (Shali)- 130 tanks, 350 mt-lb, 200 bmp/btr, 100 arty, 5 mtu. 2004: 7000 pers on contract service; salary $555/month - soldier, $630 - sgt, $815 - bn commander + bonuses. 15.07.2008 explosion during transportation of explosives. 08.2008 70, 71, moto rgts, 417 recce bn, 2 companies of Vostok/Zapad bns took part in war in South Ossetia. 09.08.2008 Vostok jointly with 503 mot rgt (19 mot div) re-captured Tskhinval. Losses 70,71 rgts: 5? Killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62, 130 BTR-70?. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  205 OMSBR Budennovsk 58 A SOUTH

# 69672. 205 Detached mot rifle Cossack Brigade. Address: 356800, Stavropol distr, Budennovsk. Formed 17.03.1995 on basis of 167 mot bde+723 mot rgt (Grozny). Took part in Chechen war. Was located in Severnyy airport, in Khankala and Shali. 6000 persons (7500 in 1996), 11000 weapons. 08.1996 fought for Groznyy, Shatoy. Losses: 120 killed. Moved from Chechnya 11.1996 to Budennovsk. 1999 transferred to Chechnya, captured Groznyy. Chechen war losses: 505 persons killed+MIA. 4216 pers., 28 T-72, 11 BMP-K, 13 BRM-1K, 7 BTR-80, 93 MT-LB, 12 2s3 Akatsia. 12 Grad, 15 BMP-1KSh, 54 MT-LBT. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  102 VB Gyumri, Armenia Southern Military District SOUTH

102nd Red Banner Military Base. Address: 344011, Rostov, Budennovsky ave, 43. In fact, Gyumri, Armenia. ex- 127 mot div. 1.08.2003 commander Lt.-Gen Alexander Titov faired by MoD minister "for discipline" and illegal commercial activity. 2003 Head of Staff cln Yury Parshev. 2005: 3690 pers. 2009: rgts reformed to bde: 76, 73th det mot bde, 988 ad rgt. Planned staff 2009: Grad– 18, Gvozdika – 18, BM-37 – 27, Rapira – 12, Konkurs – 12, Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 2011: during winter were taken over 100 tactical exercises. 06.2011 field exercises. 10.2011 comd staff exercises. 08.2012 AD field exercises. 09.2012 tank bn firing at test range. 09.2012 Vzaimodeistvie-2012 drills.

  17 OMSBR Shali 58 A SOUTH

# 65384. 17th Detached Guard mot rifle Order Suvorov Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade. Address: 366300, Chechen Republic, Shali. ex mountain mot rgt 42 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos - 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62?72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  4 VB Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia) 49 A SOUTH

# 66431. 4th Guard Vapnyar-Berlin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Military Base. Address: 362000, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz. In fact, Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia). 693 separate mot bde, ex 693 mot rgt 19 mot div. Planned staff 2009- BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 2B14 Podnos- 24, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 12, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72/90?, 120 BMP-2. 06.2009 Kavkaz-2009 exercises. 03.2011 field exercises. 07.2011 field exercises. 09.2011 tanks field exercises.

  126 OBRBO Perevalnoe Coastal Troops SOUTH

126 Detached Coastal Defense Brigade. Address: Crimea, Perevalnoe. Forming 2014 from UA 36 OBROB.

  200 OMSBR Pechenga Coastal Troops WEST

# 08275. 200 Detached mot rifle Pechenga Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 184411, Murmansk distr, Pechenga. 2000: 2944 pers., 62 T-80, 34 BTR, 334 MT-LBT, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Uragan, 12 Grad. 25% contract soldiers. 04.2004 tactical trainings. 08.2004 practical AD trainings. 06.2005 delegation visited Norway. 2005 commander Maj Gen Sergey Kuzmin. 09.2005 tactical trainings with practical firings. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006: 100% contract sgts, 30% contract soldiers. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 03.2007 arty trainings with firings. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 04.2008 inspected by GT CINC. 07.2008 company's tactical exercises.08.2008 recce units trainings. 11.2008 delegation visited Finland. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 03.2011 exercises jointly with 61st det marines rgt. 11.2012 resubordinated from Ground Troops to Northern Fleet Coastal troops.

  138 OMSBR Kamenka 6 A WEST

# 02511. 138 Detached Guard mot rifle Krasnoselskaya Order Lenin Red Banner Brigade. Address: 188827, Leningrad distr, Viborg, Kamenka. Formed from 45 mot div. 10.1999 combat operations in Chechnya, Zapadnaya zone, 12.1999 Urus-Martan, 01.2000 captured Katyr Yurt, 02-03.2000 secured Argun, Itum Kale near Georgia. Chechen campaign losses: 122 killed/MIA. 4357 pers., 129 mot rgt, 133 separate tk rgt, 696, 697 ind mot bn. 63 T-80, 34 BTR, 198 MT-LB, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 24 Grad. 03.2005 visited by MoD delegation. 05.2005 practical exercises. 2005: 1500 contract service soldiers. 2005 commander: col Alexander Romanenko. 09.2005 visited 19th inf rgt in Sweden. 25.01.2006 rgt took part in "Snezhinka" joint Russia - Sweden (19 inf rgt) military exercises in Sweden. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006 inspected by CINC A.Gen Puzanov. 08.2006 military trainings. 09.2006 20 contract soldiers serve from CIS countries. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 02.2007 tk bn exercises with firings. 03.2007 installed new security system for bde objects. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 12.2007 Snezhinka-2007 joint Russian Sweden exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 2008 commander: Alibek Aslanbekov. 07.2008 recce units trainings, arty, T-80 firings. 08.2008 bn tactical exercises with firings. 09.2008 tactical traings. 03.2009 T-80 firings, control exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2B16 Nona-K – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 2013: delivered Tor-M2 instead of Osa.

  25 OMSBR Vladimirskyy Lager 6 A WEST

# 29760. 25 Detached Guard mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 181111, Pskov distr, Vladimirskyy Lager. ex 42 storage. 2000: 443 pers., 31 T-80; 24 Uragan, 236 MT-LBT. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 ์์ 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers

  6 OTBR Mulino/Dzerzhinsk 20 A WEST

# 54096. 6th Detached Tank Red Banner Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 606019, Nizhny Novgorod distr, Dzerzhinsk. ex 100 tk rgt 3 mot div. 2000: # 54096; 1141 pers., 91 T-80, 12 BMP-2, 4 BRM-1K, 21 2s3 Akatsia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-90?80BV, 55 BMP-3?2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  9 OMSBR N Novgorod 20 A WEST

# 54046. 9th Detached mot rifle Vislenskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 603127, Nizhny Novgorod, Sormovo, Fedoseenko str. ex 245 mot rgt 3 mot div. Transferred from Germany. 2000: # 54046; 2204 pers., 31 T-80, 131 BMP-2, 6 BRM-1K, 22 2s3 Akatsia, 15 BMP-1KSh. Ex-Commanders col S. Morozov, lt col S.Yudin. Lt col Vasiliev killed near Pervomaiskoe (Chechnya). 1995 (1700 persons) Chechen war, attacked Groznyy, Shatoi, Vedeno. 02.1995 secured block points. 06-06.1995 mountaings campaign, captured Vedeno, put in reserve, fight near Makheti, captured several strategic points. 06.1995 captured Shatoi. 12.1995 rebels captured 11 soldiers and officers. 02.1996 operation near Novogroznenskyy. 04-05.1996 bn recce platoon near Goysky, Shatoi. 16.04.1996 rebels killed 53 soldiers. 07.1996 moved from Chechnya. Losses: 231 killed (incl 22 officers), 19 MIA, 54 BMP, 5 tanks, 4 BTR, 13 BRDM. 1999 commander Valery Zaitsev. 12.1999-01.2000 captured Groznyy. Total Chechen war losses: 317 persons killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90?80, 120 มฬฯ-3?2. 4393?(3500?) pers. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  1 MSP Kalininets 2 MSD WEST

# 31135. 1 Guard mot rifle regiment. Address: Moscow, Narofominsk distr, Kalininets. Formed 2013

  15 MSP Kalininets 2 MSD WEST

# 31134. 15 Guard mot rifle regiment. Address: Moscow, Narofominsk distr, Kalininets. Formed 2013

  87 OTB Kalininets 2 MSD WEST

# 58190. Address: Moscow, Narofominsk distr, Kalininets. Formed 2013

  262 BKhIRVT Boguchar District Central Command WEST

# 63453. 262 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Voronezh distr. Boguchar. (1st det tk bde). Ex 10 tk div. 2000: 203 T-80, 322 BMP, 60 2s19 Msta-S, 75 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Grad. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S - 18, 2B14 Podnos– 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 1 separate tk bde 94 T-80, 55 BMP-2

  216 BKhIRVT Petrozavodsk District Central Command WEST

216 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Petrozavodsk. (4th det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP – 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB

  99 BKhiRVT Tver 20 A WEST

99 Guard Novgorod-Vitebsk Double Red Banner Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Address: Tver. (13 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 130 BTR-70?80

  79 OMSBR Gusev Coastal Troops WEST

# 90151. 79th Detached Guard mot rifle Insterburg Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 238050, kaliningrad distr, Gusev, Zoi Kosmodemyanskoy str, 16. ex 18 moto div- BAL Coastal Troops. 2009: 32 tanks, 132 bmp, 18 2S3, 18 2B16, 9 Shturm, 9 Tunguska, 9 S-10, 36 Igla

  299 Uts Saturn Gvardeisk Coastal Troops WEST

# 87082. 229 Training Center Saturn. Address: Kaliningrad distr, Gvardeisk. ex 609 trg mot rgt. 2000: 720 pers., 50 T-72, 100 BTR, 24 BMP, 10 2s1, 1 2s3, D-30


Weight (tons): 44,5
Speed (km/h): 60
Dimensions (m): 9'530/6'860 x 3'460 x 2'226
M./Engine: diesel B841, 840 hp
Crew: 3
Power-to-weight ratio (hp/t): 18.9
Ground pressure (kg/sm2): 0.9
Fuel capacity (L): 1200 +400
Range (km): 500
fording (m): 1.2/5.0
Armament: 1 x 125 mm smoothborne gun 1 x 7,62 mm MG coaxial 1 x 12,7 mm AA MG gun loading: a/m; stabilization: v/h; stowage: 45; coax.: 2'000; AA- 300; elevation/depres.: 5'4/ 13'; type of rounds: APFSDS HE-FRAG HEAT Guided missile
Fire Control System: Commander's: day-and-night, passive with stabilization of field of view in vertical plane;
Gunner's: day sight with two plane stab. of field of view incorp. a laser range finder and a missile guidance capability; night sight passive with stab. of field of view in vert. plane;
Ballistic computer: takes into accounts all topometeoballistic conditions affect. firing accuracy;
Thermal imager: provision is made of instal. of thermal imager
Protection: armour protection:from APFSDS, HEAT
dynamic protection:yes
radiation protection yes
thermal protection: yes
dazzle painting: yes
NBS system: yes
fire- suppres. system: yes
optoelectronic -sup. system: yes
A/C: yes

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

Tanks and armament
The guided munitions intended for use with T-55, T-62, T-72S, T-80U, T-90S MBT and BMP-3 IFV guns and MT-12 Antitank Gun substantially increase effectiveness of the fire against armoured vehicles equipped with explosive reactive armour, fortifications and other targets. They use semi-automatic ...[+]

TANK GUNS D-10, 2A20, 2A46M, 2A46M1
Test sample of 100-mm gun D-10 for the tank T-54 was developed in 1946, and in 1949 - beginning of serial manufacture of tanks with this gun. Till 1958 the gun of the tank T-54 has undergone a number of up-datins (D-10TS with one-axial stabilization, D-10T2S with two-axial stabilization). ...[+]

TShU-1-7 optronic jammer
The TShU-1-7 optronic jammer ensures effective protection of armoured vehicles against anti-tank guided missiles such as TOW, HOT, MILAN, DRAGON, COBRA, ภา-3, HN-5 etc. The modulated IR flux formed by the TShU-1-7 makes up the jamming noise inside the missile's "track loop" and exploits its ...[+]

CONTACT-V MULTI-PURPOSE ERA SYSTEM
No detonation when an ERA tile is hit by 7.62mm and 12.7mm bullets, fragments and 30mm ammunition; No transfer of detonation between ERA boxes; no detonation of ERA tiles when exposed to incendiary mixtures (napalm); Easy to install and maintain; Operational in the temperature range of ...[+]

Electromagnetic protection system (EMPS)
Initiation of the magnetic fuze mine: a) when the vehicles moves forward (the mine is ahead); b) when the vehicles moves forward (the mine is aside); c) when the vehicle moves backward (the mine is behind)[+]

ARENA-E ACTIVE PROTECTION SYSTEM
The Arena-E active protection system is intended to protect tanks and infantry combat vehicles from antitank grenades, fired from any type of grenade launchers, and antitank guided missiles launched from ground-based and heliborne launchers to defeat an armor piece by a direct hit or near ...[+]


By the mid 1960s the second postwar generation tanks superseded the medium and heavy tanks that had been developed on the basis of the war experience.
The T-72 family tanks are the most typical and wide-spread representatives of this generation. The design work on their development was started in 1967 at the Urals Carriage Making Plant Tank Design Bureau under the supervision of L. Kartsev.
However, L. Kartsev was not fated to see the tanks in mass production. The development work was continued by V. Venidiktov who succeeded L. Kartsev as chief designer.
The tests of prototypes, developed in the town of Nizhny Tagil, confirmed their high effectiveness and reliability. In 1973 the tank was designated the T-72 and adopted for service.
It has a typical general layout featuring the rear transverse arrangement of the engine. The crew consists of three men. The driver mechanic is seated at the front middle of the driving compartment which facilitates tank driving.
The tank commander is seated in the fighting compartment in the middle of the tank hull on the right side of the gun, and the gunner is seated to the left of the gun. The lower part of the fighting compartment mounts the automatic loader carousel whose introduction made it possible to reduce tank height and its armor plated area, thus improving protection without changing the designed weight and decreasing the ammunition stowage hit probability.
Located in the stern portion of the tank is the power plant compartment with a transversely arranged engine, air cooling system and input reduction gear connecting the crank-shaft with final output gearboxes.
The T-72 tank served as a base for the development of a series of tracked vehicles for military use, such as the T-72K and T-72AK command tanks, BREM-1 recovery and repair vehicle, MTU-72 bridge-laying tank, IMR-2 obstacle clearing engineer vehicle, etc.
There are cine-simulators developed for T-72 tanks in order to train personnel in driving and TKNT-3B electronic simulators to train tank commanders and gunners in firing, which will make it possible to save tank operating hours during crew training.
The T-72A tank was mass produced from 1979 to 1985. Its main differences from the base model consisted in the installation of the TPDK-1 laser ranging sight, TPN-3-49 gunner's night sight with the L-4 searchlight, continuous side anticumulative screens, 902B smoke grenade launching system, 2A46 gun instead of the 2A26M2, TVNE-4B driver's night vision device and the V-46-6 engine. The T-72M and T-72M1 export versions of the T-72A tank were manufactured with an additionally strengthened frontal part of the hull and combined armor of the turret. Tanks of this series were exported to the former Warsaw Treaty member states, India, Iran, Syria, Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Finland and Yugoslavia.
The T-72B tank has been manufactured since 1985. Its export version was designated the T-72S. The difference between the T-72A and T-72B tanks consisted mainly in the installation of the 2E42-2 stabilizer with an electrohydraulic elevating drive and an electromechanical traversing drive instead of the 2E28M two-plane electrohydraulic stabilizer, a guided weapons system, removable container explosive-reactive armor, and the V-84 engine instead of the V-46-6.
Let us consider the combat properties of the T-72B tank in more detail.
For its firepower, i.e., the capability to defeat the opposing enemy assets by direct fire, the tank depends, from the technical point of view, mainly on the quantity and quality of the on-vehicle weapons and their servicing systems.
The primary weapon of the T-72B tank is the 125mm 2A46M special tank smoothbore gun-launcher featuring an increased barrel length and decreased normal recoil. Owing to the updating of the gun, its firing accuracy and operational properties were substantially improved. Moreover, the gun's capability to fire guided projectiles made it possible to increase the effective range of fire at armored targets to 4,000 m (compared with 3,000 m for the M1A2 and Leopard and 3,400 m for the Leclerc), with a 0.8 probability of hitting a tank-type target. In addition, the gun design enables the barrel to be replaced in field conditions owing to the introduction of the barrel-to-breech ring quick-disconnect threaded joint.
TANK T-72B CHARACTERISTICS
The gun breech mechanism permits it to be opened in two cycles, thus reducing the effort applied for the purpose. The recoil brake cylinders are secured symmetrically to the gun barrel, which favorably contributes to fire accuracy due to the absence of gun torque during recoil. The recoil system provides for free recoil until the projectile exits from the barrel bore.
The gun is provided with a built-in device enabling the crew to collimate the sight without leaving the tank.
The fire is delivered by separate case artillery rounds with hypervelocity armor-piercing (HVAP), high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT), HE fragmentation projectiles and guided missiles having a HEAT warhead. All artillery rounds have the same charge with a partially combustible case. The case, after the round is fired, is automatically ejected by the disposal mechanism through a special hatch in the turret roof.


ADVERTISEMENT


The 3UBK-14 round consists of the 9M119 missile and a propellant. Its dimensions are similar to those of an ordinary artillery round; therefore, its loading into a cell of the automatic loader carousel and subsequently into the gun does not differ from the loading of an artillery round. The gun ammunition load consists of 45 rounds, 22 of which are arranged in the automatic loader carousel.
The 9K120 guided weapon system ensures daytime stationary and short-halt fire at a range of 100 to 4,000 m. It is equipped with a semiautomatic jam-proof laser beam missile control system.
The fire control system comprises the 1A40-1 sighting complex based on the TPD-K1 laser ranging sight of the T-72A tank. The field of view of the sight is stabilized in two planes.
For firing artillery rounds at night and launching guided missiles in daytime, provision is made for the 1K13-49 tracker, which is included into the 9K120 guided weapon system. It can operate in both the active and the passive mode.
The gun is stabilized in two planes by means of the 2E42-2 stabilizer provided with the electrohydraulic elevating drive and electromechanical traversing drive.
Secondary weapons are the 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun and the 12.7mm NSVT antiaircraft machine gun, which can be manually controlled from the tank commander's station. The coaxial machine gun ammunition allowance is 2,000 cartridges and that of the antiaircraft machine gun 300 cartridges.
The tank's protection, i.e., its ability to withstand the effects of enemy weapons without substantial damage to its combat capabilities, makes it possible for the crew to accomplish their assigned combat missions.
The armor (passive) protection of the hull and turret front section is represented by multilayer armor panels ensuring the tank invulnerability to most types of HVAP and HEAT projectiles of tank (antitank) guns. A high resistance to HEAT ammunition is attained through the installation of suspended explosive reactive armor.
Since 1988, built-in explosive reactive armor has been used.
The tank hull is a welded structure. The turret is cast, and its frontal part has variable inclination angles. The hull sides are protected by anticumulative screens.
The tank boasts a higher level of radiation protection than the T-72A tank owing to the use of inner and outer shielding, collective NBC protection system and local protection system of the crew members. The high survivability of the tank on the battlefield is due to its low silhouette (2,226 mm), use of smoke generating equipment and the 902B Tucha smoke screening system, use of a system for protection against napalm effects and the 3ETs13 Iney quick-acting fire-extinguishing equipment. In addition, the tank is camouflage painted to minimize its detection on the battlefield.
The T-72B is provided with equipment for entrenchment, self-recovery and attachment of the KMT-6 mine sweeper.
For its mobility, i.e., its capability to arrive to an assigned area in due time, the tank depends on its power unit, transmission and the track and suspension system. High mobility of the tank is attained owing to its multifuel four-stroke liquid-cooled V-84-1 diesel engine, which is supercharged from a centrifugal blower. In addition, provision is made for inertial supercharging. The engine power is equal to 618 kW (840 hp). It can use diesel fuel (DL, DZ, DA), rocket fuel (T-1, TS-1, T-2) and automobile gasoline (A-66, A-72). The main method of engine starting is by the electric starter, then comes the compressed air starting method. The engine can also be started by towing the tank or by using an external electrical power source. To warm up the engine and its accessory systems before starting in cold weather, provision is made for a heating system. The engine design is derived from the engines of earlier makes, which facilitates its production and maintenance.
The mechanical planetary transmission consists of an input gear unit, two final output gearboxes and two final drives. The cushioning system uses an individual torsion-bar suspension with power-intensive hydraulic vane-type shock absorbers mounted on the 1st, 2nd and 6th suspension units of each side. The dynamic travel of the rear wheels is increased to 325 mm (versus 285 mm in the T-72A tank). The tank uses rubber-covered dual road wheels and internally cushioned support rollers.
The tank is provided with underwater stream crossing equipment to negotiate 5-m deep and 1,000-m wide water obstacles. The tank is capable of crossing 1.2-m deep fords without preparation, and 1.8-m deep fords with a 10-min preparation.
The tank command controllability, consisting in the tank's suitability for teamwork between the crew members and actions as a part of a subunit, is attained through the use of observation and reconnaissance devices, the R-174 interphone, R-173 radio set, R-173P radio receiver which make it possible to maintain communication within a range of at least 20 km both when stationary or when moving over moderate terrain.

 

T-72 MBT image #130

T-72 MBT image #131

T-72 MBT image #132

T-72 MBT image #1597

T-72 MBT image #1598

T-72 MBT image #2207

T-72 MBT image #2304



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