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Database / ifv and apc  / bmd-1


Total number (active): ~ 105

Used in:
+2400 in storage

BMD-2 | M113A1 APC
849 849 20000 20000
BMP-1 | M113A1 APC
658 658 20000 20000
BMP-2 | M113A1 APC
1974 1974 20000 20000
BMP-3 | M2/M3A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems
616 616 1602 1602
BTR-70 Armored Personnel Carrier | M113A1 APC
95 95 20000 20000
BTR-80 /82A | M113A1 APC
1292 1292 20000 20000
* where available

Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

  51 GV PDP Tula 106 VDD WEST

# 33842. 51 Guard Red Banner Order Suvorov airbone regiment. 2000: 1555 pers., 93 BMD-1, 32 BTR-D, 18 Nona, 13 BTR-ZD, 6 BTR-RD, 2 BMD-1KSh, 1 BMD-1R. 2000 took part in Chechen war, near Elistanzhi (Vedeno). 23.04.2000 attacked by rebels near Serzhen-Yurt. 11.2006 renamed to 51 airborn rgt "Dmitry Donskoy". 2009: to 7 airborne div, turned back

Date of Introduction 1969
Proliferation At least 1 country
Crew 2
Troop Capacity 5 passengers (+1)
Combat Weight (mt) 13.3
Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.74
Height Overall (m) 2.15
Width Overall (m) 2.94
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.57
Automotive Performance
Engine Type 240-hp Diesel
Cruising Range (km) 600
Speed (km/h)
Max Road 65
Max Off-Road 40-45
Average Cross-Country INA
Max Swim 7
Fording Depth (m) Amphibious

Radio R-123M

Armor, Turret Front (mm) 23 or Antibullet
Active Protective System N/A
Mineclearing Equipment N/A
Self-Entrenching Blade N/A
NBC Protection System Collective
Smoke Equipment VEESS


Main Armament
Caliber, Type, Name 73-mm smoothbore gun, 2A28/Grom
Rate of Fire(rd/min) 7-8
Loader Type Autoloader
Ready/Stowed Rounds 40 / 0
Elevation () -4/ +33

Fire on Move Yes, but only 10 km/h or less (est)
Auxiliary Weapons
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) machinegun, PKT
Mount Type Coax
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,300
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000/400-500 on the move
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical / 650 cyclic, 2-10 round bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm machinegun, PKT
Mount Type Bow (ball-mounted)
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000/ 400-500 on the move
Night N/A
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical / 650 cyclic, 2-10 round bursts
ATGM Launcher
Name 9P111
Launch Method Rail-launched
Guidance MCLOS
Command Link Wire
Launcher Dismountable Yes

Firing Ports 1 on each side, 1 in left rear door
Main Gun Stabilization N/A
Rangefinder Stadiametric
Infrared Searchlight Yes
Sights w/Magnification

Day 1PN22M1, 8x
Field of View () 15
Acquisition Range (m)
Night 1PN22M1, 6.7x
Field of View () 6

Acquisition Range (m) 800-1,000, based on light
Commander Fire Main Gun No
Caliber, Type, Name
73-mm HEAT-FS, PG-9
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,300
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 800, but 600 or less on the move
Night 800

Tactical AA Range INA
Armor Penetration (mm) 335 (RHA)
73-mm HEAT-FS, NFI
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,300
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000, but 600 or less on the move
Night 800-1,000
Tactical AA Range INA
Armor Penetration (mm) >400 (RHA)
73-mm HE, OG-9
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,300, 600 or less on the move
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,300, but 600 or less on the move
Night 800-1,000
Tactical AA Range INA
Armor penetration (mm) INA
73-mm HE, OG-9M1
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,300, but 600 or less on the move
Night 800-1,000
Tactical AA Range INA
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
Other Ammunition Types OG-9M
Antitank Guided Missiles
Name AT-3, -3A, -B
Warhead Type Tandem HEAT
Armor Penetration (mm) 410 RHA
Range (m) 3,000
Name AT-3C
Warhead Type Tandem HEAT
Armor Penetration (mm) 520 RHA
Range (m) 3,000
Name AT-3C Imp/ Polk (Slovenian)
Warhead Type Precursor with HEAT
Armor Penetration (mm) 580 RHA
Range (m) 3,000
Name Malyutka-2 (Russian)
Warhead Type Tandem HEAT
Armor Penetration (mm) 800 RHA
Range (m) 3,000
Name Malyutka HE (Russian)
Warhead Type Frag-HE
Armor Penetration (mm) N/A
Range (m) 3,000


Airborne Troops (VDV)
CINC -- Gen Vladimir Shamanov. Ex (4.05.2009) CINC --Lt Gen Valery Evtukhovich. Ex-CINC Colonel General Alexander Kolmakov, Airborne Troops, Commander since 8 September 2003. MOD data: "Born on 31 July 1955 in Kaliningrad, Moscow region, Alexander Kolmakov was educated at Ryazan Higher ...[+]

The BMD airborne amphibious infantry combat vehicle (AAICV) superficially resembles the BMP, although it is considerably smaller. The BMD-1 can be air dropped by parachute, and features a suspension that "squats" to fit into aircraft. It is a full-tracked amphibious vehicle with a BMP-type turret. Like the BMP, its main armament is a 73-mm smoothbore gun with a 7.62-mm coaxial machine gun mounted on the right side of the main gun and a SAGGER ATGM launcher mounted over the gun. The BMD, however, also has two additional 7.62-mm machine guns, one mounted in each of the front bow corners. The bow is much shorter than that of the BMP, and the upper part of the hull is shaped differently. It also differs from the BMP in having only five evenly spaced road wheels with four support rollers, and in having no rear exit doors. The driver's hatch and vision blocks are centered below the main gun. On either side of the driver, there is an additional hatch. The troop compartment has overhead armor cover and only one firing port on each side and one in the rear from which the mounted infantrymen can fire their personal weapons. The BMD has a hydro-pneumatic suspension with a variable height capability. The vehicle is powered by a rear-mounted, 240 hp, six-cylinder, water-cooled, diesel engines and is propelled in water by two waterjets in the rear.

The air-droppable BMD is considerably smaller and lighter than the BMP but has roughly the same capabilities. It is used in airborne divisions as an infantry combat vehicle. Its turret armor (maximum 25 mm) is thicker than that of the' BMP, but its hull is thinner (maximum 15 mm). An internal NBC filtration system provides protection for the three-man crew and four combat troops. Two squad members, including the squad leader, ride in the two hatch positions on each side of the driver, while the remaining three occupy the compartment between the turret and engine. The BMD is believed to have a maximum speed of 60 to 80 km/h on land and 10 km/h in water, with a land cruising range of 320 km.

Since the BMD has the same turret as the BMP, the turret armaments probably have the same limitations, except that the BMD does not have a dead space in its traverse. The passenger space is somewhat cramped, and the airborne soldiers must dismount over the sides of the vehicles, since there is no rear door.

The BMD was first seen in the Dvina exercise in the USSR in 1970 and was not seen again until the November 1973 Moscow Red Square parade. Since then, the BMD has replaced the airborne assault gun ASU-57 in the Soviet airborne forces, substantially increasing the firepower and maneuverability of the airborne division.

Although originally thought to be a light tank, the BMD may more properly be considered the airborne equivalent of the BMP infantry combat vehicle. However, except for the turret and main armament, it is an entirely new design and not a modified BMP. Excluding the obsolescent ASU-57, the BMD, at approximately 7.5 metric tons, was the lightest tracked combat vehicle in the Soviet Army.

Russian KBP offers a drop-in one-man turret, called Kliver, with a stabilized 2A72 30-mm gun, a 4-Kornet ATGM launcher, thermal sights, and improved fire control system. The Russian Volgorod Tractor Plant offers the B30 turret (a drop-in one-man turret with 2A42 30-mm gun, 7.62-mm coax MG, and a 9P135M launcher for AT-4/-5 ATGM). A Russian AG-17 30-mm automatic grenade launcher is available for BMD-1. Other options are spall liners, air conditioning, and a more powerful engine. A French SNPE explosive reactive armor (ERA) kit and others are available for use on the BMD-1. However, during dismounted troop movement, ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely; and ERA application is doubtful. For amphibious use, additional armor application is unlikely. The Slovenian TS-M ATGM thermal night sight has a detection range of 4,500m and a recognition range of 2,000m. The AT-3 HE-Blast ATGM is used for killing personnel and destroying bunkers and other fortifications. The AT-3C Polk features a nose probe, an improved motor for increased velocity, lower smoke noise signature and a SACLOS launcher with improved sights. The basic BMD was initially introduced around 1970. Between then and about 1973, it underwent a variety of minor product-improvement modifications. The final design, designated BMD-1, is most readily identified by a dome-shaped NBC filter intake on the right-center hull roof. The BMD-1 has retained the protection, mobility, and firepower characteristics of the BMD.

BMD Ml979/1 variant is an airborne-associated general purpose vehicle which was first observed during the 1979 Soviet Afghanistan incursion. The chassis of the M1979/1 has been lengthened by approximately 60 mm with the addition of one road wheel and one support roller per side. The BMD turret and its integral armaments have been removed and replaced by a low, flat superstructure. There are at least two firing ports per side, and the bow machine guns have been retained. The collective NBC protection system is also present. M1979/1 is a general-purpose vehicle which may be used as a personnel carrier, a prime mover for support weapons, a maintenance support vehicle, or a security or route-control vehicle. Originally, the designation BMD M1979/2 was associated with some of these roles, but now is assessed to be the same vehicle as the M1979/1.

BMD Ml979/3 variant is a command and control vehicle which differs from the M 1979/1 by the addition of folding antenna masts.

BMD M1981/1 variant has a two-man turret mounting a 30-mm automatic cannon. Since it is assessed to have the same turret armament as the BMP M1981, it probably also mounts AT-4/SPIGOT or AT-5/SPANDREL ATGM.

BMD-1K: Command IFV (FSU), with added R-126 and R-107.

BMD-1M: Variant with improved ventilation and road wheels.

BMD-1P: Widely fielded IFV with AT-4/5 replacing AT-3.

BMD-1PK: Company commander variant (FSU) of BMD-1P.

BMD-2: Widely fielded variant with a 30-mm automatic gun and with AT-3 ATGM launcher replaced by AT-4/5 ATGM launcher.

BTR-D: Stretched (6-road wheel) armored multipurpose transporter variant, with two 7.62-mm MGs but no turret. This chassis has been used for a variety of other airborne vehicles.


BMD-1 image #1009

BMD-1 image #1010



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