Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments
Total number (AF & Navy): ~ 10
AH-64 Apache (~698)
+2 in 2005, +3 2007, +5 2008-2009. 01.2009 according to Arseniev Plant JSC serial production cancelled in favour of Ka-52.
|ANSAT | UH-1N Iroquois, AF/ARMY/USMC||
|KA-27/29/32 Helix* Naval helicopter | UH-60 Black Hawk, ARMY||
|KA-50 Hocum/ Werewolf | AH-64 Apache, ARMY||
|KA-52 Alligator | AH-64 Apache, ARMY||
|MI-24/35 Hind | AH-1W Super Cobra, USMC||
|MI-26 Halo | CH-47 Chinook, ARMY||
|MI-28 Havoc | AH-64 Apache, ARMY||
|MI-8 Hip | UH-1N Iroquois, AF/ARMY/USMC||
* where available
929th flight test center
||AF Central Commands||
1994-1996 4 Su-25 ac took part in Chechen war. 10.2006 celebrated its 35th anniversary. 06.2007 inspected vy VVS CINC. 2007: 80 flying hours. 07.2008 visited by Head of Fed Council Mironov.
08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Losses: 1 ac/1 pilot. 23.06.2011 lost MiG-29, crew died. 2012: test flights of Su-35; constructure of additional airfields.
344th combat trg center AAF
||4th flight trg center||
2000: 1452 pers., 48 combat hel, 51 support hel, 14 tpt hel. 18.04.2006: media coneferce, "open day" for guests. 05.2006 visited by AF CINC. 02.2008 received two Mi-28N. 04.2008 Mi-28N flight trials. Planned staff 2009: 16 Mi-24, 8 Mi-26, 12 Mi-8, 8 Ka-50. 2012: + about 12 Mi-28 (yellow board numbers)
Main rotor diameter 14.5 metres
[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]
Length with rotating rotors 15.9 metres
Overall height 4.9 metres
Wing span 7.3 metres
Empty weight 7,692 kg
Normal take off weight 9,800 kg
Maximum take off weight 10,800 kg
Weight of consumable combat load 610 kg
Weight of maximum combat load 1,811 kg
Two TV3-117VMA engines 2 x 2,200 h.p
Landing gear Retractable tricycle nosewheel type landing gear
Maximum level flight speed 310 km/h
Diving speed 390 km/h
Cruise speed 270 km/h
Hovering ceiling 4,000 metres
Service ceiling 5,500 metres
Vertical rate of climb at 2,500 m 10 m/s;
Range of flight with normal take-off 460 km
Ferry range 1,160 km
Avionics: The HOKUM uses a low-light level TV or thermal sighting, a laser range-finder (10 km), FLIR, air data sensor, and digital data-link which interface with a fire control com-puter, an autopilot, a helmet sighting system and HUD for target location, acquisition, designation, and firing. Night/Weather Capabilities:
This aircraft’s avionics package ensuring a full day/night, all weather capability. If it is to be employed at night in an attack role, it must be fitted with a night targeting pod. This pod includes a FLIR, a millimeter wave radar, and an electro-optical sight takes up one of the underwing pylons. The Ka-50N, and Ka-52 are capable of performing attack missions in day/night, and all-weather conditions.
The French companies Thomson-CSF, and Sextant Avionique offer nav/attack systems, which can be fitted to export variants.
Survivability/Countermeasures: Main rotors and engines electrically deiced.
Infrared signature suppressors can be mounted on engine exhausts.
Radar warning receivers, IFF, chaff and flares.
Armored cockpit and self-sealing fuel tanks.
Pilot ejection system.
Armament: 1x 2A42 30-mm cannon [250 HE-Frag + 250 AP]
2 - AT-16 VIKhR ATGM (6 each)
2 - 80-mm rockets (20 each)
2 - Twin 23-mm gun pods [940 rounds]
4 - 500-kg bombs
2 - AA-11/ARCHER AAM
External fuel tanks (500 liters) 30-mm Automatic Cannon, 2A42:
Range: effective 3,000 m
Elevation: -45° to +10°
Ammo type and rate of fire is selectable by pilot (HE or AP, 350 or 600) Most Probable Armament:
Fuselage-mounted 30-mm cannon on right side
AT-16 VIKhR ATGMs [ATGM racks can depress to 12°]
The missile is fired from launchers containing a 6-8 pack. Its guidance system combines radio-command guidance during the initial flight stage followed by laser-beam guidance afterwards. The missile is a supersonic one with a 8-10 km range, its caliber is 125 mm, and its weight together with ...[+]
AA-11 Archer / R-73
The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24,
Mi-28 and Ka-50 ...[+]
Type Fuel-air explosive bomb. Development The ODAB-500 PM bomb has been developed by Russia to provide the Russian Air Force with a high-speed low-level attack fuel-air explosive weapon for use against troops and material in the field, minefield clearance, parked aircraft and other ...[+]
Aircraft gun armament
Today's armament systems in service with fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters of the world's leading countries widely use small-caliber automatic guns as a highly effective weapon to perform such tactical missions as:
- destruction of hostile fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters in the air; ...[+]
GOES 342 (Ka-50) Day-and-night sighting system
-day-and-night acquisition and recognition
of ground and surface targets
- sighting of machine guns and guns
and unguided missiles
- aircraft missile guidance
- FOV stabilization system
- TV channel
- "Module-Avia" thermal imaging channel
Combat helicopters had to experience harsh times, when their combat role was completely denied, only to be
acknowledged as an indispensable weapon for any successful modern operation of ground forces. Today, many countries have developed combat action concepts based on employment of army aviation helicopters. According to published data, combat helicopters in the late 1970s and early 1980s always enjoyed the upper hand in duels withtanks during military exercises at a ratio of 1:10, 1:14 and even 1:20 in their favor. This led to urgent rigging of tank units with air defense artillery and air defense missile systems to protect them from combat helicopter attacks. Then combat helicopters, fitted with antitank guided missiles boasting a range of up to 5 km, became easily vulnerable targets for air defense artillery and air defense missile systems.
The development of the Ka-50 Black Shark and AN-64A Apache combat helicopters aimed to redress this disparity and make the helicopters able to defeat tanks armed with air defense weapons.
The Ka-50 combat helicopter can be used to defeat targets on the battlefield within wide ranges of launching high-precision supersonic antitank missile systems, including launches from more than a 6-km range within a stand-off zone of air defense artillery and air defense missile systems. The Ka-50 combat helicopter is intended to defeat modern armored and mechanized materiel, air targets and hostile manpower.
This co-axial helicopter features a high flight performance and ease of piloting via automated flight devices. It can successfully execute combat missions day/night owing to high survivability under hostile fire, powerful armament and comfortable pilot's cockpit.
The helicopter was tested in simulated combat conditions. It met all the requirements for combat helicopters and won a Ministry of Defense tender.
The Ka-50 helicopter is unrivalled in the world in terms of the 'cost-efficiency' criteria. In 1995 the Ka-50 combat helicopter entered service and is now series produced at Progress Arsenyevsk-based aviation complex.
The success of any combat operation to support ground forces on the battlefield depends to a large extent on the joint combat actions of group combat helicopters. A group commander flying in a combat formation is responsible for control over subordinate helicopters. His helicopter should be fitted with more sophisticated equipment compared to the rest of the group to make him see better targets on the battlefield and be able to ensure target designation and distribution, provide for constant control over group combat helicopters and maintain communications with a ground command post. The scope of tasks assigned to the commander frees him from helicopter piloting. Consequently, he should fly in a two-seat flying combat vehicle.
The Ka-52, designated Alligator, multi-role all-weather combat helicopter, is intended for this purpose as a two-seat modification of the Ka-50 combat helicopter. Pilots accommodated side-by-side in one cockpit can fly this helicopter and handle all on-board systems. The Alligator retained all combat capabilities of its predecessor, including the whole array of weaponry. It is outfitted with a multifunctional on-board integrated electronic flight, navigation and weapon control system. Its passive/active observation/search and sighting systems ensure target search and their attack day/night in any weather conditions. The Sextant Avionic of France and Thomson company take part in creation of this helicopter. The Ka-52 Alligator is 85 percent identical to the Ka-50 base helicopter in terms of its airframe and main systems. Pilots escape via an ejection system. The Ka-52 Alligator can also be used as a trainer. Pilot accommodation and the availability of new multifunctional equipment system led to an increase in the weight of the empty helicopter and a certain deterioration in flight performance, compared to the Ka-50. However, it did not affect the integrated quality of this flying machine as a whole.
Externally, the Ka-52 combat helicopter differs from its predecessor in the front part of the fuselage, shape of the cockpit and arrangement of round-the-clock observation/search and sighting systems. Pilots are rigged with pressurized helmets fitted with built-in displays to provide for required flight and sighting data. The Ka-50 and Ka-52 helicopters feature interchangeability, thereby reducing costs for series production and joint operation in combat units.
Naturally, Alligator is more expensive than Black Shark. However, this is attributable to payments for the capability to perform combat missions on higher and more efficient levels. The advent of Ka-52 does not mean its automatic substitution by the Ka-50. They can be used more effectively in the interests of the ground forces, owing to their optimal joint employment in groupings. A similar approach is also adopted by the U.S. army aviation. The more costly and sophisticated AN-64D and AN-64D LongBoy helicopter versions do not replace, but instead reinforce the AN-64A Apache helicopter groupings, thereby increasing their efficiency.
In the near future the Ka-52 will be subjected to tests. The Kamov company and its foreign partners are convinced of the successful results of the tests that will enable the Ka-52 helicopter to occupy a leading position in its class. It is up to foreign buyers to decide whether to choose the Ka-50 or the Ka-52 or a hybrid to meet their requirements.
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