Database / Missiles / air-to-air  / aa-11 archer / r-73

AA-11 Archer / R-73



Type: Air -to- Air, close combat
Year: 1982
Range (km): 0.3- 30/15
Weight (kg): 105 rod type
Lenght (m): 2.9
Wingspan (m): 0.51
Type of seeker: infrared (heat seeking)
Kill probability fighter target: 0.6
Carried by: su-27, su-30, su-35,yak-141, mig-29 mig-31, ka-50, ka-52
[51]. control surface: fins
jet vanes
length 2.9 m. (9.5 ft)
diameter 170 mm. (6.7 in)
wingspan: 51 cm. (20.1 in.)
rudder span: 38 cm. (14.96 in.)
missile wt: R-73M1: 105 kg.(232 lbs.)
R-73M2:
110 kg. (243 lbs))
warhead wt: 7.4 kg. (16.32 lbs.)
envelope: 300 m. to 40 km.
(985 ft. to 22 NM.)
max range: R-73M1: 30 km. (16.4 NM.)
R-73M2: 40Km. (21.8 NM.
miss dist:
kill radius:
time of flight limit: 23 sec.
max speed of target: 250 kph (11367 knots)
maneuvering tgt. loads: 12 G
seeker gymbol limits: 20
seeker field of view: 2.5
antenna look angle:
auidance: Porportional Navigation
a/c launch limits: -0.5 to +8.0 G
thermo-electric cooling: 1.70 to 2.85 mm. 2.75 to 3.40 mm.
missile accel off rail: 200 to 900 m./sec./sec.
R-73 (AA-11) "ARCHER" Missile Family:
R-73M1 off-boresight version utilized with helmet mounted sight
R-73M2 training missile shape with seeker head
R-73E APU-73-1D pylon
R-73U
purpose: highly maneuverable dogfight missile
design bureau: Vympel
development: early 1980's
first airborne tests: 1989
first delivered IOC: 1992
propulsion: single regime PATT solid propellant
rocket, can be made larger
guidance: complex controls with
movable vanes, fins fore and aft of fixed
cruciform surfaces at the nose control
surface at the trailing edge of
each tail fin 4 x thrust-vectoring cont-vanes in rocket motor
stream/efflux


[CROSSREFERENCES: USED BY ]

YAK-141 Freestyle V/STOL multirole fighter
The Yakovlev Yak-141 'Freestyle' was to have been Russia's second generation V/STOL fighter to replace Yak-38s on 'Kiev' class carriers, but official development was cancelled due to a lack of funding. The operational limitations of the Yak-38 -it is subsonic, has poor payload range performance ...[+]

MIG-29/MIG-35 Fulcrum Counter-Air Fighter
During the MAKS '97 Air Show, the President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin stayed over half an hour, instead of the scheduled five minutes, in the pavilion of the MIG "MAPO." He was attracted by the latest updated version of the famous MiG-29SMT fighter. Impressively built President ...[+]

SU-17 Fitter-C
In 1965 in Sukhoi OKB have begun creation of a new fighter - bomber with changed geometry of a wing on the basis of well recommending itself Su-7. In 1967 the experimental copy of a new plane, under a label Su-7IG, was shown to audience on air parade Domodedovo. In 1970 the new machine which ...[+]

SU-27 Flanker air superiority fighter
Su-27 - answer of Russia to creation in USA of a fighter F-15 intended for a gain of domination in an air and having unique battle(dashing) possibilities. The journal Interavia has named Su-27 as the most capable fighter in the world . The beginning of the biography Su-27, machine of ...[+]

Su-30 Two-seat multirole fighter
An analysis of air force inventories in the majority of countries in the Asia-Pacific region indicates that local fighter forces mostly consist of obsolete U.S.-made F-5 and F-4 aircraft. Only a few air forces are armed with relatively new versions of the F-16 and F/A-18 fighters. Purchases ...[+]

SU-35 all-weather counter-air fighter
Advanced development of Su-27; airframe, power plant, avionics and armament all upgraded; quadruplex digital fly-by-wire controls under development by Avionika; longitudinal static instability; tandem 'triplane' layout, with foreplanes; double-slotted flaperons; taller, square-tip twin tailfins ...[+]

SU-37 multirole fighter
Emphasis on super-agility, typified by kulbit manoeuvre in which Su-37 pitches up rapidly beyond vertical, through a tight 360? somersault within its own length, and pulls out to resume level flight with minimal height loss. Alexander Andrianov Military Parade editor As an air superiority ...[+]

S32/37 Golden Eagle Su-47 Firkin
The local and foreign press have published articles reporting that in the S-37 Russia has created a "multi-purpose fighter of the fifth generation, combining features of a supersonic super maneuverable aircraft undetectable by radar and infra-red surveillance devices." S-37 Current ...[+]

SU-39 Close support/ground attack
Su-39 is an all-weather attack system capable of executinga large number of combat missions assigned both to effectively and reliably safeguard the ground,sea and air frontiers of the country and use the aviation of peacekeeping forces in local conflicts The number of major political developments ...[+]

SU-34/32FN Fullback Long range fighter-bomber
The Su-34 is a two seat (side by side, rather than tandem) development of the Su-27 fighter intended for long range strike, replacing older types such as the Su-17, MiG-27 and Su-24, while the Su-32FN is a shore based maritime strike fighter. When the Su-34 first appeared in 1991 confusion ...[+]

KA-50 Hocum/ Werewolf
Combat helicopters had to experience harsh times, when their combat role was completely denied, only to be acknowledged as an indispensable weapon for any successful modern operation of ground forces. Today, many countries have developed combat action concepts based on employment of army ...[+]

MIG-39/1.42 MFI Flatpack
Mikoyan article 1.42 also known as MFI (Mnogofunktsionalny Frontovoi Istrebitel - Multifunctional Frontline Fighter), and sometimes referred to in the West as "ATFski" is a low-observable (LO) multirole fighter. The primary mission of the 1.42 is air-superiority as the primary mission, which ...[+]

The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24,

Mi-28 and Ka-50 helicopters. It also can be employed in flying craft which do not have sophisticated aiming systems.
The missile is used for engaging modern and future fighters, attack aircraft, bombers, helicopters, drones and cruise missiles, including those executing a maneuver with a g-force up to 12. It permits the platform to intercept a target from any direction, under any weather conditions, day or night, in the presence of natural interference and deliberate jamming. It realizes the "fire and forget" principle.

The missile design features a canard aerodynamic configuration: control surfaces are positioned ahead of the wing at a distance from the center of mass. The airframe consists of modular compartments accommodating the homing head, aerodynamic control surface drive system, autopilot, proximity fuze, warhead, engine, gas-dynamic control system and aileron drive system. The lifting surfaces have a small aspect ratio. Strakes are mounted ahead of the aerodynamic control surfaces. The combined aero-gas-dynamic control gives the R-73 highly maneuverable flight characteristics. During flight, yaw and pitch are controlled by four aerodynamic control surfaces connected in pairs and by just as many gas-dynamic spoilers (fins) installed at the nozzle end of the engine. Control with engine not operating is provided by aerodynamic control surfaces. Roll stabilization of the missile is maintained with the help of four mechanically interconnected ailerons mounted on the wings. Drives of all missile controls are gas, powered from a solid-propellant gas generator. The passive infrared homing head supports target lock-on before launch. Guidance to the predicted position is by the proportional navigation method. The missile's combat equipment consists of an active proximity (radar or laser) fuze and impact fuze and a continuous-rod warhead. The engine operates on high-impulse solid propellant and has a high-tensile steel case.

Russia'

s Vympel weapons designers have developed a one-of-a-kind air-to-air missile, which NATO has dubbed as AA-11, for use on foreign fighter planes. Techically and militarily the new missile, meant for quick-action dogfights, leave its foreign analogues far behind. Vympel experts have also made it possible for the new missile to be easily installed on all available types of aircraft. The AA-11 can also



be used on older planes which will now be able to effectively handle the US' highly maneuverable F-15 and F-16 jets. The AA-11 missile is based on all-new components, use new high-energy solid fuel and an advanced guidance and control system which has made it possible to minimize their size. Their exceptionally high accuracy is ensured by the missile's main secret, the so-called transverse control engine, which rules out misses during the

final approach trajectory. The transverse control engine is still without parallel in the world.

Russia has offered the export-version R-7EE air-to-air missile system for sale so that it can be fitted to foreign-made fighter aircraft. Developed by the Vympel state-sector engineering and design bureau, the R-7EE is designed for close-quarters aerial combat. Vympel specialists have developed a way of ensuring that the missile system can be fitted to virtually any type of aircraft. It can be fitted to older aircraft, which feature heavily in third-world countries' air forces.
[51]. The R-73 ("Archer"/AA-11) third generation highly-maneuverable missile that has become the world's foremost IR guided dogfight missile. The Vympel R-73 is now operational with the MiG-23MLA (Flogger K) and all models of the MiG-29 (Fulcrum) and Su-27 (Flanker). All of these aircraft incorporate helmet mounted sighting systems. The R-73 has been designed to be fitted on new attack helicopter types such as the Mi-28 (Havoc) and the Ka-50 (Hokum). It is a lock-on before launch with gymbol limits exceeding 40 during acquisition and 70 off boresight after lock. It is of basic aluminum alloy construction (axial-symmetric cruciform scheme with small elongated tailfins) with the following component sections: seeker, aero-rudder actuators, autopilot, prox-fuze, warhead, solid-propellant motor, aero-surfaces, and thrust vectoring control vanes. The unique combination aero and exhaust-gas maneuver control represents the world's first operational thrust vector missile providing an exceptional maneuver capability during the powered flight phase. Fixed stabilizers and AOA transducers are installed in the nose just aft of the seeker before fixed canard control surfaces. During the high impulse solid-rocket motor burn, the missile is controlled by the canards, joined in pairs on each control channel and by the four in-flow jet exhaust vanes which also work in pairs. The fixed tail-fins have ailerons on their trailing edges mechanically coupled to each other for roll stabilization. After motor burn out, and there is no indication of post boost cruise burn, missile control is provided only by the aerodynamic surfaces. All of the missiles gas actuators are feed by a power pressure accumulator that bleeds overboard and is estimated to be of a lower pressure then Western missiles due to reduced aerodynamic loadings on the optimized control surfaces. There is a 7.4 kg. (16.3 lbs.) rod-type warhead fitted with a dual active-radar proximity and contact fuze. The R-73 is fited to a common launcher rail that holds an internal cooling bottle.

The R-73 seeker is capable of being fired without any limitations of "G", "AOA", or aircraft attitude. The seeker-head can be cued to the target by matching the look angle of the locked up aircraft radar and/or IRST, or the sighting line of the pilot's eye through the helmet sight. Guidance to the intercept point is performed according to proportional navigation methods. The missile can engage targets maneuvering up to 12 G's. The minimum and maximum intercept ranges against non-maneuvering targets are published as 300 meters (984 feet) to 30 kilometers (16.4 NM). There has been a lot of press about a possible rear-firing air-to-air missile and Sukhoi released information about a reversed missile pylon for the R-27T ("Alamo B" AA-10b) IR short-burn version. The R-73 appears to have a better aero-chance because of its variable control exhaust jet vanes. Applications are being directed at bombers, transports, and deep strike aircraft.

 


AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #448

AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #449

AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #1138

AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #1139

AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #1140

AA-11 Archer / R-73 image #1833



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