Database / Missiles / ads  / sa-19 grison / tunguska

SA-19 Grison / Tunguska

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 204

Used in:

SA-12 Giant S-300V | MIM-104 Patriot
185 185 179 179
SA-20 GARGOYLE / S-300 /PMU/2/3 | MIM-104 Patriot
696 696 179 179
SA-21 GROWLER / S400 Triumph Long Range TABM/SAM | MIM-104 Patriot
189 189 179 179
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  21 OMSBR Totskoe 2 A CENTER

# 12128. 21 Detached Guard mot rifle Omsk-Novobug Red Banner Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 461134, Orenburg distr, Totskoe. ex- 27 mot div. 2000: 506, 433 mot rgts, 152 tk rgt, 268 arty rgt, 838 ad rgt. Some units took part in Chechen war 1994. 2000: 185 T-72, 318 BMP, 159 BTR, 36 2s19 Msta-S, 98 2s3 Akatsia, 13 Grad. 08.2008 bn exercises, firings. Till 06.2009 reforming to bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  15 OMSBR Roschinskyy 2 A CENTER

# 90600. 15 Detached Guard mot rifle Berlin Red Banner Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 443539, Samara distr, Roschinskyy. ex-589 ind mot rgt. 2005: 100% contract service. 04.2008 visited by Japanese MoD minister. 08.2008 one unit took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: 2B14 Podnos- 18, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 9, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72BM*, 130 BTR-70M. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  23 OMSBR Samara 2 A CENTER

# 65349. 23 Detached Guard mot rifle Petrakuvskaya Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitsyy Brigade. Address: 443101, Samara. ex- 81 separate mot rgt. 2000: 2162 pers., 30 T-72, 126 BMP-1, 25 2s3 Akatsia, 10 MT-LBT. Moved from Germany (90 tk div). Took part in Chechen war. Ex-commander col Yaroslavtsev and Head of Staff lt.col Burlakov injured 12.1994. During assault of Groznyy 1,2 bns were captured, got huge losses (150 killed/MIA). 02.1994 put in reserve in airport Severnyy. 04.1995 moved from Chechnya. Total losses: 157 killed/MIA. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa– 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  32 OMSBR Novosibirsk 41 A CENTER

# 22316. 32 Detached mot rifle Leningrad-Pavlov Red Banner Brigade. Address: 630017, Novosibirsk. ex 85 mot div (228 mot rgt). 2000: 59, 141, 228 mot rgt, 387 tk rgt, 167 arty rgt, 1131 ad rgt. 2009: in formation of bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  35 OMSBR Aleisk 41 A CENTER

# 41659. 35 Detached Guard mot rifle Volgograd-Kiev Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 658130, Altay distr, Aleisk. ex 122 mot div. relocated from Dauria. 12.2005: 100% formed of contract service. 2008 commander: col Andrey Khoptyar. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  74 OMSBR Yurga 41 A CENTER

# 21005. 74 Detached Guard mot rifle Zvenigorod-Berlin Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 652053, Kemerovo distr, Yurga. ex- 94 mot div relocated from Germany. Ex-commander Col Bakhin injured, later since 1995 col Nikolai Batalov. 30.12.1994 in Chechnya in reserve: 3000+persons, 45 tanks, 115 BMP. Fought in street fights in Groznyy. 02.1995 moved to Sever Group, attacked south part of Groznyy. 20-23.03.1995 attacked Argun and Mesker-Yurt, blocked Argun, captured Gudermes, Petropavlovskaya, Il'inskaya. 1999 Vostochnaya zone, Chechnya, 01.2000 Serzhen' Yurt. 1994-1996 losses in Chechnya - 120 persons (?). 09.2003 regional comd.-staff trainings. 09.2005 military exercises. 09.2008 comd staff exercises. 03.2009 complex exercises of military reform. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 43 า-72, 120 มฬฯ-3*? 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  28 OMSBR Ekaterinburg Central Military District CENTER

# 61423. 28th Detached mot rifle Simferopol Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade named by S. Ordzhonikidze. Address: 620070, Ekaterinburg. ex 34th mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises.

  28 OMSBR Ekaterinburg Central Military District CENTER

# 61423. 28th Detached mot rifle Simferopol Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade named by S. Ordzhonikidze. Address: 620070, Ekaterinburg. ex 34th mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises.

  57 OMSBR Bikin 5 A EAST

# 46102. 57 Detached mot rifle Krasnograd Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 682971, Khabarovsk distr, Bikin, Eastern town. ex 81 mot div. 2000: 233 mot rgt (Bikin), mot rgt (Vyazemsky), tk rgt, ad rgt (Bikin). 09.2005 practical exercises near Ussuryysk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  64 OMSBR Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

# 51460. 64 Detached mot rifle Brigade. Address: 680041, Khabarovsk-41. ex 882 mot rgt 270 mot div. 2000: 509 tk rgt, 102,478, 882 mot rgt, arty rgt (1 mlrs div, 2 howz div), 470 ad rgt (Osa), 128 EW bde. 09.2006 rgt military exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  38 OMSBR Belogorsk 35 A EAST

# 21720. 38 Detached Guard mot rifle Vitebsk Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 676853, Amur distr, Belogorsk. ex 21 mot div. 2000: 143 mot rgt (Ekaterinoslavka), 57 mg arty rgt (Blagoveschensk), +ex - 21 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia - 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska– 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-2*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2011 comd staff exercises

  39 OMSBR Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 68 AK EAST

# 35390. 39 Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 693002, yuzho-Sakhalinsk, Dzerzhinskogo str, 32. ex 33 mot div. 2000: 465 mot rgt (Leonidovo), 385 mot rgt (Dachnoe), tk bn (Khomutovo), 12.2007 comd staff exercises. 01.2008 military comd staff exercises. 07.2008 practice firings. 01.2009 sniper, RPG trainings, comd-staff exercises. 02.2009 tk firing exercises. 03.2009 field company's trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S5 Giatsint-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 02.2011 inspection by combat readiness by District Staff.

  36 OMSBR Borzya 29 A EAST

# 06705. 36 Detached Guard mot rifle Lozovskaya Red Banner Brigade. Address: 674600, Zabaikal distr, Borzya. ex- 131 mg arty div, 38 mot div. 113 mot rgt - Dosatuy, 115 mot rgt- Yasnaya, 408 mot rgt- Nerchenskyy zavod, 279 tk rgt, 88 arty rgt. 11.2006 arty/mort trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons. 03.2011 tank firings. 04.2011 inspected by 29OA CINC commission. 07.2011 exercises at Tsugol test range.

  5 OTBR Ulan Ude 36 A EAST

# 46108. 5 Detached Guard Tank Tatsinskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: Buryatia, Ulan-Ude. ex storage. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-72, 55 BMP-2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  37 OMSBR Kyakhta 36 A EAST

# 69647. 37th Detached Guard mot rifle Don Budapest Red Banner Order Red Star Brigade. ex5 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2

  18 OMSBR Khankala 58 A SOUTH

# 27777. 18 Detached Guard mot rifle Evpatoria Red Banner Brigade. Address: Chechen rep, Khankala. ex 42 mot div. 2005: 18,000 pers., 72 mot rgt (Kalinoskaya), 71 mot rgt (Khankala), 70 mot rgt, 392 tk rgt, 50 arty rgt (Shali)- 130 tanks, 350 mt-lb, 200 bmp/btr, 100 arty, 5 mtu. 2004: 7000 pers on contract service; salary $555/month - soldier, $630 - sgt, $815 - bn commander + bonuses. 15.07.2008 explosion during transportation of explosives. 08.2008 70, 71, moto rgts, 417 recce bn, 2 companies of Vostok/Zapad bns took part in war in South Ossetia. 09.08.2008 Vostok jointly with 503 mot rgt (19 mot div) re-captured Tskhinval. Losses 70,71 rgts: 5? Killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62, 130 BTR-70?. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  20 OMSBR Volgograd Southern Military District SOUTH

# 69670. 20 Detached Guard mot rifle Prikarpatsko-Berlin Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 400000, Volgograd. ex 20 mot div. 2000: incl. 56 cdo rgt (ex-56 airborne bde). 1994-1996, 1999-2000 took part in Chechen war. 2000: 94 T-72, 163 BMP, 94 BTR, 23 2s19 Msta-S, 24 2s3 Akatsia, 18 D-30, 12 Grad. 56 cdo rgt, 242,255 rgts, 944 arty, 68 recce bn took part in war in South Ossetia. 2009: reforming to bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6, ZU-23-2 – 18. 41(82) T-72/90*, 120 BMP-1/2/3*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2012 field exercises. 2012: received new Tor and Strela-10M3 systems.

  205 OMSBR Budennovsk 58 A SOUTH

# 69672. 205 Detached mot rifle Cossack Brigade. Address: 356800, Stavropol distr, Budennovsk. Formed 17.03.1995 on basis of 167 mot bde+723 mot rgt (Grozny). Took part in Chechen war. Was located in Severnyy airport, in Khankala and Shali. 6000 persons (7500 in 1996), 11000 weapons. 08.1996 fought for Groznyy, Shatoy. Losses: 120 killed. Moved from Chechnya 11.1996 to Budennovsk. 1999 transferred to Chechnya, captured Groznyy. Chechen war losses: 505 persons killed+MIA. 4216 pers., 28 T-72, 11 BMP-K, 13 BRM-1K, 7 BTR-80, 93 MT-LB, 12 2s3 Akatsia. 12 Grad, 15 BMP-1KSh, 54 MT-LBT. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  136 OMSBR Buinaksk 58 A SOUTH

# 69671. 136 Detached Guard mot rifle Uman-Berlin Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 368220, Dagestan, Buinaksk, Ali-Klycha str, 4. 2000: 5058 pers., 32 T-72, 12 BMP-2, 100 BMP-1, 14 BRM-1K, 16 BTR-80, 54 MT-LB, 24 D-30, 28 PM-38, 4 Uragan, 13 BMP-1KSh Took part in Chechen war. 06.1995 fought near Vedeno. 01.1996 attacked Pervomayskoe (696 bn- 730 pers). 05.1996 captured Goyskoe, Stary Achkhoy (jointly with 131,136 mot bdes), attacked Bamut. 08.1996 fought for Groznyy, main losses. 08.1999 fought in Dagestan (commander col G.Eliadze).10.1999-03.2000: 698 bn entered Chechnya from Dagestan, 696 bn to Khasavyurt, 697 bn - Serzhen-Yurt. Chechen war losses: 32 killed/MIA. 07.2008 tactical trainings. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Losses: 2? Killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90, 120 BMP-1/2/3*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 5.09.2010 terrorist attack at bde test reange- 5 soldiers died.

  7 VB Gudauta 49 A SOUTH

# 09332. 7 Krasnodar Red Banner Order Kutuzov Order Red Star Military Base. Address: 385000, Adigeya, Maikop. In Fact- Gudauta, Abkhazia. ex 131 separate mot bde Maikop (Adigeya). 12.1994 took part in Chechen war. Ex-CINC col Igor Savin killed 01.01.1995. 12.1994 fought near Tersky, Groznyy. 1994: 1469 persons, 20 T-72, 120 BMP, 16 guns. 1,2 mot bns were attacked by rebels and destroyed in Groznyy. Losses: 74 killed, 76 MIA, 15 tanks (of 26), 47 BMP, 6 Tunguska. Put in reserve. 03.1995 captured Gudermes. 04.1995 transferred to Maikop. 03.1996 transferred to Chechnya. 05.1996 captured Staryy Achkhoi, attacked Bamut, mine clearance operations. 09.1996 moved from Chechnya. 1999-2000 fought in Chechnya. Total losses: 189 persons killed. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 24, 2B14 Podnos- 24, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 12, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90*, 130 BTR-80*. 06.2009 Kavkaz-2009 exercises. 2010 commander Maj Gen Chebotaryov. 06.2010 comd staff exercises. 03.2011 field exercises. 04.2011 tactical exercises with firings. 10.2011 tactical exercises. 08.2012 bn exercises with firings.

  19 OMSBR Vladikavkaz 58 A SOUTH

# 20634. 19 Detached mot rifle Voronezh-Shumlinskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Labour Red Banner Brigade. Address: 362000, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz, Sputnik. ex 503 mot rgt 19 mot div. 2000: 2387 pers., 27 T-72, 127 BTR-80, 1 BMP-2, 3 BRM-1K, 2 2s3 Akatsia, 1 BMP-1KSh, 2 PRP-4, 5 RKhM. 10.2004 took part in military exercises. 1995 took part in Chechen war, Group "West". 02.1995 fought for Groznyy, captured several points. Rebels captured 12 soldiers, later FSB re-captured them. 03-05.1995 Group "South", attacked Shali, Germenchuk. 08.1996 fought in Groznyy. 10.1996 moved from Chechnya. 10.1999 Group "West", 03.2000 Komsomolskoe. Chechen campaign losses: 144 killed/MIA. 05.07.2007 garrison attacked by rebels. No injuiries reported. 07.2007 comd.staff exercises. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. 09.08.2008 jointly with Vostok bn (42 mot div) re-captured Tskhinval. Losses: 2?killed. 12.2008 terror explosion near garrison in Ingushetia. No losses reported. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S (2S3M Akatsia)– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani - 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90, 120 BMP-1/2/3*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2011 exercises in North Ossetia.

  17 OMSBR Shali 58 A SOUTH

# 65384. 17th Detached Guard mot rifle Order Suvorov Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade. Address: 366300, Chechen Republic, Shali. ex mountain mot rgt 42 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos - 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62?72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  8 OMSBR(G) Borzoi 49 A SOUTH

# 16544. 8th Detached Guard mot rifle Chertkovskaya Twice Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitsky Brigade (mountain) named by Marshal Katukov. Address: 366402, Chechen Republic, Borzoi. ex 2 mot div, Tamanskaya. 2009 forming in Naro-Fominsk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80?90, 120 BTR-80

  4 VB Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia) 49 A SOUTH

# 66431. 4th Guard Vapnyar-Berlin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Military Base. Address: 362000, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz. In fact, Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia). 693 separate mot bde, ex 693 mot rgt 19 mot div. Planned staff 2009- BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 2B14 Podnos- 24, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 12, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72/90?, 120 BMP-2. 06.2009 Kavkaz-2009 exercises. 03.2011 field exercises. 07.2011 field exercises. 09.2011 tanks field exercises.

  200 OMSBR Pechenga Coastal Troops WEST

# 08275. 200 Detached mot rifle Pechenga Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 184411, Murmansk distr, Pechenga. 2000: 2944 pers., 62 T-80, 34 BTR, 334 MT-LBT, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Uragan, 12 Grad. 25% contract soldiers. 04.2004 tactical trainings. 08.2004 practical AD trainings. 06.2005 delegation visited Norway. 2005 commander Maj Gen Sergey Kuzmin. 09.2005 tactical trainings with practical firings. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006: 100% contract sgts, 30% contract soldiers. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 03.2007 arty trainings with firings. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 04.2008 inspected by GT CINC. 07.2008 company's tactical exercises.08.2008 recce units trainings. 11.2008 delegation visited Finland. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 03.2011 exercises jointly with 61st det marines rgt. 11.2012 resubordinated from Ground Troops to Northern Fleet Coastal troops.

  138 OMSBR Kamenka 6 A WEST

# 02511. 138 Detached Guard mot rifle Krasnoselskaya Order Lenin Red Banner Brigade. Address: 188827, Leningrad distr, Viborg, Kamenka. Formed from 45 mot div. 10.1999 combat operations in Chechnya, Zapadnaya zone, 12.1999 Urus-Martan, 01.2000 captured Katyr Yurt, 02-03.2000 secured Argun, Itum Kale near Georgia. Chechen campaign losses: 122 killed/MIA. 4357 pers., 129 mot rgt, 133 separate tk rgt, 696, 697 ind mot bn. 63 T-80, 34 BTR, 198 MT-LB, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 24 Grad. 03.2005 visited by MoD delegation. 05.2005 practical exercises. 2005: 1500 contract service soldiers. 2005 commander: col Alexander Romanenko. 09.2005 visited 19th inf rgt in Sweden. 25.01.2006 rgt took part in "Snezhinka" joint Russia - Sweden (19 inf rgt) military exercises in Sweden. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006 inspected by CINC A.Gen Puzanov. 08.2006 military trainings. 09.2006 20 contract soldiers serve from CIS countries. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 02.2007 tk bn exercises with firings. 03.2007 installed new security system for bde objects. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 12.2007 Snezhinka-2007 joint Russian Sweden exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 2008 commander: Alibek Aslanbekov. 07.2008 recce units trainings, arty, T-80 firings. 08.2008 bn tactical exercises with firings. 09.2008 tactical traings. 03.2009 T-80 firings, control exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2B16 Nona-K – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 2013: delivered Tor-M2 instead of Osa.

  25 OMSBR Vladimirskyy Lager 6 A WEST

# 29760. 25 Detached Guard mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 181111, Pskov distr, Vladimirskyy Lager. ex 42 storage. 2000: 443 pers., 31 T-80; 24 Uragan, 236 MT-LBT. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 ์์ 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers

  6 OTBR Mulino/Dzerzhinsk 20 A WEST

# 54096. 6th Detached Tank Red Banner Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 606019, Nizhny Novgorod distr, Dzerzhinsk. ex 100 tk rgt 3 mot div. 2000: # 54096; 1141 pers., 91 T-80, 12 BMP-2, 4 BRM-1K, 21 2s3 Akatsia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-90?80BV, 55 BMP-3?2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  9 OMSBR N Novgorod 20 A WEST

# 54046. 9th Detached mot rifle Vislenskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 603127, Nizhny Novgorod, Sormovo, Fedoseenko str. ex 245 mot rgt 3 mot div. Transferred from Germany. 2000: # 54046; 2204 pers., 31 T-80, 131 BMP-2, 6 BRM-1K, 22 2s3 Akatsia, 15 BMP-1KSh. Ex-Commanders col S. Morozov, lt col S.Yudin. Lt col Vasiliev killed near Pervomaiskoe (Chechnya). 1995 (1700 persons) Chechen war, attacked Groznyy, Shatoi, Vedeno. 02.1995 secured block points. 06-06.1995 mountaings campaign, captured Vedeno, put in reserve, fight near Makheti, captured several strategic points. 06.1995 captured Shatoi. 12.1995 rebels captured 11 soldiers and officers. 02.1996 operation near Novogroznenskyy. 04-05.1996 bn recce platoon near Goysky, Shatoi. 16.04.1996 rebels killed 53 soldiers. 07.1996 moved from Chechnya. Losses: 231 killed (incl 22 officers), 19 MIA, 54 BMP, 5 tanks, 4 BTR, 13 BRDM. 1999 commander Valery Zaitsev. 12.1999-01.2000 captured Groznyy. Total Chechen war losses: 317 persons killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90?80, 120 มฬฯ-3?2. 4393?(3500?) pers. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  1117 ZRP Kobyakovo 2 MSD WEST

# 51382. 1117 Air Defense Regiment. Address: Moscow, Narofominsk distr, Kalininets. Formed 2013

  538 ZRP Naro-Fominsk 4 TD WEST

# 51383. 538 Air Defense Regiment. Address: 143301, Moscow distr, Naro-Fominsk. Formed 2013

  262 BKhIRVT Boguchar District Central Command WEST

# 63453. 262 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Voronezh distr. Boguchar. (1st det tk bde). Ex 10 tk div. 2000: 203 T-80, 322 BMP, 60 2s19 Msta-S, 75 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Grad. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S - 18, 2B14 Podnos– 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 1 separate tk bde 94 T-80, 55 BMP-2

  99 BKhiRVT Tver 20 A WEST

99 Guard Novgorod-Vitebsk Double Red Banner Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Address: Tver. (13 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 130 BTR-70?80

  79 OMSBR Gusev Coastal Troops WEST

# 90151. 79th Detached Guard mot rifle Insterburg Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 238050, kaliningrad distr, Gusev, Zoi Kosmodemyanskoy str, 16. ex 18 moto div- BAL Coastal Troops. 2009: 32 tanks, 132 bmp, 18 2S3, 18 2B16, 9 Shturm, 9 Tunguska, 9 S-10, 36 Igla


Type: Surface -to- Air
Year: 1986
Range (km): 2.5- 8 (0- 3 by guns)
Weight (kg): 42.0
Lenght (m): 2.56
Speed (m/sec): 900 (3 M)
Weight of warhead: 9 kg
Number of missiles: 8
Engagement range (missile/gun), km: 2.5 ... 10.0/0.2 ... 4.0
Target hit altitude (missile/gun), km: 0.015 ... 3.5/0 ... 4
Reaction time, s 8
Max. target speed, m/s 500
Weight, t 34
Crew, persons 4
gun number and type 2x2A38M
calibre, mm 30
rate of fire, rounds/min 4800
Missile armament 8x9M311 SAM
Guidance system semiautomatic, radio command, with optical line of sight

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

RANZHIR-M UNIFIED AD BATTERY COMMAND POST
Intended for the automated control of AD batteries armed with the Tor-M1, Tunguska-M1, Strela-10M2, Strela-10M3 or Igla ADM systems. It is an autonomous complex incorporating automatic control and communications equipment, as well as power supply and life support systems mounted on the GM ...[+]


TUNGUSKA-M surface-to-air gun/missile system is a tracked combat vehicle designed to ensure round-the-clock protection of motorized infantry and tank regiments against low-flying aircraft and helicopters in any weather conditions. The system's advanced features are as follow: an integrated gun/missile system provided with unified control; an automatic weapon selection function; a combined radar/optical target detection and tracking system; successive hit-to-kill missile-gun fire against helicopters; firing on the move. Close-in air defense (AD) systems play special role among field air defense weapons. Their primary task is to provide air defense of motorized and tank units and subunits in maneuvering combat and on the march by delivering fire on the move. Besides, practical close-in fighting requires that the systems be outfitted with effective AD guns capable of engaging both air and ground targets. The most successful type of these weapon systems is Russia’s famous Shilka self-propelled AD gun mount developed in the early 1960s and designed to fight primarily tactical aircraft and helicopters. The advent of tactical precision-guided weapons (PGW) called for the introduction of a missile channel to fight aircraft and helicopters before they could fire PGW. As a consequence, the renowned Tunguska AD gun-missile system was developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau and built in the 1980s.



Shilka SP gun mount

The intense development of air attack weapons has changed the approach to the modernization of this class of AD weapons. According to experts, the modernization potentialities of such systems as the Shilka and Tunguska have not yet been exhausted and optimal updating can considerably extend their service life, while their combat effectiveness canl satisfy the present-day requirements.

The principal lines of modernization of these systems are described below.

ZSU-23-4 Shilka Self-Propelled Air Defense Gun Mount

The modernization seeks for state-of-the-art design and technologies to update the self-propelled (SP) air defense gun mounts and make them effective in heavy electronic countermeasures (ECM) environments, in adverse weather and dust-laden conditions, in any season and at any time of day or night. The modernization envisages:

1. Integration of the modernized Shilka gun mounts into a unified army information system of air target reconnaissance and designation by organically assigning a mobile air target reconnaissance and control post (MRCP), Sborka, to the battery as its command post (BCP).

2. Improvement of the gun mount’s main part—the RPK-2 radar-computer complex (85 percent of the equipment accommodated in the turret) and creation of a new complex, the RPK-2U.



Battery command post:
Sborka MRCP

The radar has been virtually replaced by a new one, operating on the same frequency band but based on solid-state components: all units and systems of the radar have been subjected to modernization and the radar equipment is accommodated in five cabinets (instead of seven). The RPK-2U complex incorporates:

— digital computer system (DCS) which jointly with the radar makes up a fire control radar system (base system);

— television-aided sight and laser rangefinder which together with the radar and digital computer system form an optical-radar fire control system (ORFCS) operating in the passive mode both day and night (moonlight at a quarter of the moon);

— equipment, including:

(a) data receiving/transmitting (DRT) equipment for the gun mount to exchange information with the Sborka battery command post via a telecoded communication channel for reception of external target designation signals and operational control of the Shilka battery engaging a target by one, two, three and more gun mounts;

(b) digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters;



Ranzhir

(c) trainer for radar operators;

(d) built-in equipment for check and adjustment of the RPK-2U complex low-frequency automatics and turret laying drives (2E2) in static and dynamic conditions;

(e) commander’s guidance unit (CGU).

3. Replacement of a number of systems, units and assemblies by up-to-date ones boasting higher technical and operating characteristics.

4. Updating of the base tracked vehicle and crew life support system.

The fire control radar system has been modified with the aim to:

— extend the air situation information field by integrating the gun mount into the unified field AD system;

— reduce the time of information processing in the fire control system (dead time);

— redistribute regular and random errors and pass bands of the follow-up systems and groups of the radar- computer complex systems;

— change the principle of introducing corrections for the angles of tilt and turn of the mount on the move;


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— change the principle of error determination in the generation of total laying angles of the automatic guns;

— introduce and automatically account for meteorological data, corrections for changes in the muzzle velocity due to barrel bore wear, corrections in orientation and others (all refer to know-how);

— change the method of processing secondary information;

— modify some existing modes of battle performance.

The following innovations have been introduced:

– modes of operation to handle low-flying targets in heavy ECM environments (by the stored rate of range variation, stored target coordinates received from the digital computer system, moving target indication (MTI) by radar angular coordinates;

— automated control of the gun mount battle performance from a higher command post (HCP);

— built-in check of the electronic equipment;

— mode of radar operators’ training.

The above innovations have made it possible to:

— cosiderably enhance the air target search potential and acquisition probability;

— improve the radar immunity to passive jamming (with the introduction of angular automation channel protection and modernization of the MTI system range channel), active range deception jamming and tracking a jammer by angular coordinates (with the introduction of modes of tracking by the stored rate of target range variation and its inertial range and angle-aided tracking by signals from the digital computer system);

— provide the security of operation in heavy ECM environments (with the introduction of the optical-radar system);

— improve the precision characteristics of the follow-up systems and groups of the radar-computer complex systems;

— reduce the surveillance time of the fire control system.

The implementation of the above modifications has enhanced the effectiveness of fighting high-speed (up to 500 m/s) and small targets maneuvering at altitudes down to 25 m (0 m with the introduction of the ORS) rather than 100 m.

The air target (aircraft, helicopter) kill probability during one pass of the engagement zone at an ammunition expenditure of up to 300 rounds per gun mount constitutes 0.3 to 0.74 (rather than 0.07 to 0.12) and depends on the organization of control over the combat activity of the battery gun mounts from the higher command post and engagement of the target by one, two, three and more mounts. In addition to better technical characteristics, the operating characteristics have been also improved by providing:

— prompt functional check of the radar-computer complex and its components;

— means to upgrade training and practice of radar operators in handling air targets in heavy ECM environments without aircraft flights (up to five targets with simulation of operation under conditions of passive and noise jamming);

— better controllability and maneuverability of the tracked vehicle and reduced labor content required to maintain and operate the vehicle;

— higher reliability of starting the traction engine;

— better habitability conditions.

The service life of a modernized gun mount after the overhaul of non-modernized systems, units and assemblies has been extended, with spare parts being supplied.

The modernization of the Shilka SP gun mount changes the latter into a modern AD system which fits readily into training, repair and operating structures of clients and can provide cover of stationary installations, tank and motorized columns on the march in adverse weather and dust-laden conditions, in any season and at any time of day or night where other systems outfitted with optical guidance and control systems prove ineffective.

Tunguska-M1 Air Defense Gun-Missile System

Compared to the Tunguska-M, the Tunguska-M1 system ensures:



Tunguska-M1 SP mount

— automatic guidance of AD missiles (with manual correction for minor guidance deviations);

— automatic exchange of information with the battery command post (for higher efficiency of battery activity);

— batter immunity of the missile guidance channel (engagement of targets using optical decoys);

— engagement of small targets (cruise missiles of the ALCM type) owing to the use of a radar proximity target sensor (PTS) with circular radiation pattern;

— increase of the engagement zone within a range of 8 to 10 km.

Overall, the combat effectiveness of the Tunguska-M1 system in ECM environments is 1.3 to 1.5 times higher than that of the Tunguska-M system.

As compared to the 9M311 air defense missile, the 9M311-1M is noted for:

— installation of a radar proximity target sensor in place of the 8-beam laser one;

— installation of a pulsed light on the sustainer in place of the flare;

— increased operating time of the missile components which has allowed the firing range to be extended from 8 to 10 km.

The Tunguska-M system can be modernized by the manufacturing plant up to the Tunguska-M1 level.

The modernization package for the series-produced Tunguska-M system includes:

1. Introduction of reception and automatically controlled external target designation equipment in the SP mount. The equipment is interfaced with the battery command post over a radio channel which allows automatic distribution of targets among the battery SP mounts from the Ranzhir battery command post and considerably enhances the system combat effectiveness to repel mass attacks.

2. Introduction of a relief circuit to significantly facilitate the gunner’s work in optical tracking of a moving air target as if it were a stationary one. This considerably reduces tracking errors, which is essential for engagement of a target by a missile as in this case the miss value should not exceed 5 m.

3. Improvement of the coordinate determination equipment due to the application of a new type missile outfitted with a pulsed light in addition to the source of continuous light. This innovation significantly enhances the immunity of the equipment to optical decoys and the kill probability of targets using optical decoys. The employment of the new missile extends the target engagement range up to 10,000 m.

4. Modified system for measurement of tilt, gradient and course angles to allow an appreciable reduction in the perturbing action on gyros which occurs during movement of the SP mount, reduce errors in measurement of tilt and course angles of the SP mount, enhance the automatic gun fire control loop stability and, consequently, the kill probability.

The Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant, the leading producer of renowned and advanced close-in and medium-range air defense weapons, offers modernized versions of the Shilka and Tunguska-M systems.

These are our offers for your consideration. Should you accept them, you will acquire highly effective air defense systems to ensure your country’s national security.


TUNGUSKA BECOMES MORE EFFECTIVE
Arkady Shipunov, Academician
Vyacheslav Dudka, Cand. of Science (Technology)
Vladimir Obrazumov



Modern air threats are characterized by great firepower, the ability to deliver surprise attacks from extremely low altitudes and by a short time in the enemy air defense zone. A surprise air attack has become very dangerous with the advent of combat helicopters flying at low altitudes and using terrain masking features. Therefore, the ability to detect and destroy surprise targets is the principal requirement for modern field air defense assets.




For the first time, a combination, in one vehicle, of two weapons systems (missiles and guns) with a common radar-computer suite has been implemented in the Tunguska air defense gun-missile system. The system has received a number of upgrades, and its latest modification, designated the Tunguska-M1, features the performance characteristics which far outweigh those of its predecessors.
The Tunguska-M1 system includes:

- six 2S6M1 self-propelled air defense mounts (combat vehicles);

- six transporter-loaders;

- group SPTA set transporter intended to provide six combat vehicles with spare parts;

- electronic equipment routine repair and maintenance vehicle;

- mechanical and hydraulic systems maintenance vehicle;

- wheeled and tracked chassis repair and maintenance vehicle;

- missile testing and maintenance vehicle.

The 2S6M1 self-propelled mount (SPM) is designed to provide air defense for motorized infantry and armor units in all types of military operations and also to protect various installations from air attacks. It is highly effective against low-flying surprise air targets, including hovering helicopters, and is capable of engaging targets before they are within the effective range of their weapons.

The 2S6M1 SPM is basically a lightly armored tracked vehicle carrying a rotary turret. An armored hull protects the vehicle crew and equipment from small arms fire and shell splinters.

The vehicle chassis has a high degree of structural commonality with tracked vehicles of intermediate weight category. The hydromechanical transmission, hydropneumatic suspension and variable ground clearance ensure the vehicle's high cross-country ability, agility and smooth run on any type of terrain, making it possible to deliver fire on the move without reducing the speed. The hull accommodates the driver's compartment; engine; power transmission; electrical equipment; power supply system; course, pitch and roll angle gyroscopic equipment; turret traverse hydraulic drive; internal communications system; life support equipment; vision devices; and fire fighting equipment.

Mounted on either side of the turret are tipping units, fitted with automatic cannons and missile launchers. The front of the turret carries a tracking radar antenna pedestal and the rear, a target detection and designation radar antenna pedestal. The turret interior accommodates three crew members (commander, operator and gunner); equipment of the radar and digital computer systems; electronic equipment of the pitch, roll and course angle measurement system; weapons elevation hydraulic drive; optical sight complete with the laying and stabilization system; missile coordinates discrimination unit and missile control command coder; internal and external communications equipment; navigation equipment; NBC detection system; ventilation and air-conditioning system; ammunition feed system; and ammunition load.

The radar system includes a target detection and designation radar, ground radar interrogator and a tracking radar. The radar system detects, identifies and tracks targets, determines their dynamic parameters and sends them to the digital computer which computes the control and firing commands for the weapons and the guidance commands for the missile.

The digital computer is designed to generate control and stabilization commands for the weapons systems, optics and radars, as well as to check the SPM systems for functioning. The computer stabilizes the line of sight and the line of elevation, generates missile guidance commands and computes the time of impact. While generating the weapons control commands, the computer allows for weather conditions and muzzle velocity, and while performing the system's scheduled checks, it runs a self test, analyzes the missile control circuits and carries out an overall SPM checkout.

The optical sight, weapons laying and stabilization system, and the coordinates discrimination equipment serve to detect and track targets over an optical channel, determine dynamic parameters of the tracked target and of the fired missile, and send this information to the onboard computer. The coder is designed to convert missile guidance and control commands to coded pulse trains and furnish them to the radar for subsequent transmission to the missile over a radio link.

In motion, the vehicle's pitch, roll and course angle measurement system is activated. The optical, radar and weapons systems are stabilized on the basis of the data generated by the measurement system. The hydraulic laying drives are designed to turn the turret in the horizontal plane and operate cannons and missile launch guides in the vertical plane.

The navigation equipment continually generates vehicle coordinates and sends them to the onboard computer.

The internal and external communications equipment provides reliable internal communication between crew members and with external parties. The vision devices are intended for battlefield surveillance at any time of day or night.

The ventilation and air-conditioning system maintains the temperature required for operation of electronic equipment and in the driver's compartment. The firefighting equipment serves to extinguish fires in the vehicle power plant compartment.

The NBC equipment allows the crew to continue with its mission while crossing contaminated areas and enhances the vehicle survivability under nuclear attack.

The power supply system feeds the vehicle equipment with +27 V DC and 220 V 400 Hz three-phase AC voltages.

The vehicle belt-fed cannons fire a 30mm unified round. The twin barrel cannon pattern provides for a rate of fire of 5,000 rds/min. The evaporation-type liquid cooling system makes the maintenance of the cannons easier, reduces their overall weight and increases the consistency of fire.


A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is held in a container-launcher. It is a bicaliber missile with a separable booster. The launch weight of the missile has been reduced by one half in comparison with the single-stage missiles having similar characteristics. The booster accelerates the missile to a speed thrice the velocity of sound. The sustainer stage has a smaller diameter. It maintains a high speed throughout the flight, making its optical guidance possible. The missile warhead is of a fragmentation rod type. It is characterized by a high length-to-diameter ratio and large weight. The missile is steered towards its target semiautomatically over radio command and optical links. A luminous flux emitted by a light source, carried by the missile, enters an optical detector which is mounted coaxially with the optical sight, where it is converted to an electrical signal proportional to the amount of missile deviation from the line of sight. The electrical signal is fed to the digital computer which generates correction commands. Then, the guidance commands are coded and sent to the missile as coded pulse trains via the target tracking radar.

The missile onboard equipment decodes the incoming pulse trains and generates commands for the control surface actuator. Consequently, the missile is guided precisely along the sight line. The missile impact and proximity fuzes ensure that the warhead is detonated either on impact or in the event of a near miss of up to 5 m.

In operational environments the SPM provides for:

- circular surveillance of air space;

- search for, detection and identification of air threats;

- air threat selection, lockon and tracking either via the radar or optical channel;

- engagement of air targets, including hovering helicopters and aircraft flying at a speed of up to 500 m/s, with missiles or cannons.

The Tunguska self-propelled air defense system can perform missions independently or as part of a unit, on the move or at a halt, at any time of day or night and in any weather. It is equally effective against moving and fixed ground and waterborne threats, as well as against paradropped targets.

Generally, in the enemy countermeasures environment, the fighting efficiency of the Tunguska-M1 system is 1.3 to 1.5 times more effective than the Tunguska-M.

 


SA-19 Grison / Tunguska  image #490

SA-19 Grison / Tunguska  image #491

SA-19 Grison / Tunguska  image #1807

SA-19 Grison / Tunguska  image #2212

SA-19 Grison / Tunguska  image #2307



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