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Database / Navy / frigates / 1135 krivak class
Table 1. Active ships [NAVY]
Table 3. Active ships [Non-MOD]
Zaliv SSZ, Kerch
25.2.1981 entered BLS.
7 -10.8.1981 visited Varna (Bulgaria).
18-22.6.1996 visited Pirey (Greece).
1991, 1993 awarded by CINC prize for ASW trainings.
1994 awarded by CINC prize for artillery trainings.
1994 took part in joint exercises with NATO navy.
1995: participated in 50th Anniv. Of Great Patriotic War Victory Parade, St. Petersburg, CinC-BSF embarked.
Named to task force scheduled to deploy to Adriatic during Operation ALLIED FORCE, Apr 99. 2006: overhaul completing end of 2006. 07.2007 took part in Naval Parade in Sevastopol. 2007 commander: capt 2 rank Alexander Schwarz. 08.2007 visited Turkey, took part in Active Efforts exercises. 2007 overhauled at 13 SRZ. 11.2007 sea trainings. 04.2008 BLS sea trainings. 08.2008 IONEX-2008 exercises in Mediterrian. 03.2009 sea control exercices. 08-09.2009 ZAPAD-2009 exercises in Baltic Sea. 08.2009 captured "Artic Sea" merchant near Cabo-Verde. 08.2010 in Mediterrian, visited France, IONEX-2010. 09.2010 visited Tripoli. 09.2011 control tactical exercises. 10.2011 tactical exercises. 12.2011 ocean patrol, visited Toulon, France, Malta, Spain.
#820 Yantar Kaliningrad
9.2.1982 entered BLS.
30.5 -3.6.1988 visited Algeria.
22-26.1.1991 visited Pirey (Greece). - â Ïèðåé (Ãðåöèÿ). 2.12.1989 supported Grobachev-Bush meeting at Malta.
9.7.1993 -1996 overhaul at Yantar'.
28.7.1996 took part in naval parade in St.Petersburg.
Named to task force scheduled to deploy to Adriatic during Operation ALLIED FORCE, Apr 99.
03.2004 took part in ASW exercises in BLS, launched ASW missiles. 11.2004 took part in "Active Efforts" NATO exercises in Mediterrian, visited Tartus (Syria). 2005 visited Indian ocean, Mediterrian jointly with CG Moskva. 05.2005 took part in BlackSeaFor 2005. 07.2005 took part in joint Russia-Turkey exercises. 07.2005 took part in joint Russia-Italy exercises. 05-06.2006 visited Crete, Pirey, visited Spezia (Italy). 09.2006 took part in "Active Efforts" NATO exercises. 10.2006 visited Lebanon. 2006 commander capt 2 rank Sergey Tronev. 2007 planned for repairs. 24.12.2009 arty and AD trainings jointly with Kerch. 10.2011 tactical exercises. 09.2012 Kavkaz-2012 drills.
Zaliv SSZ, Kerch
Federal Border Guard. 158, 054(1986), 055, 057, 097(2005)
15.8 - 24.9.1985 transferred from Sevastopol to Vladivostok, entered Kamchatka SKR division.
Federal Border Guard. 060(1986), 156(2005)
Zaliv SSZ, Kerch
Federal Border Guard. 052(1991), 059, 160(2005)
18.8 -9.10.1991 transferred from Sevastopol to Petropavlovsk, entered Kamchatka SKR division.
* äàííûå íà 2002 ã.
D. (tons): 3,670-3,900 tons full load
Speed (kts): 32
Dimensions (m): 123.5 meters long
14.1-14.2 meters beam
4.6-7.2 meters draft
M./Engine: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 2 M8K boost gas turbines, 36,000 shp; 2 shafts, 48,000 hp, ; 4'600 n.m/20 kts
Armament: 4 SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles,
provision for 8 Kh-35/SS-N-25 Uran/Switchblade SSM,
2 Osa-MA SAM systems (40 4K-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM)
2x 2 AK-726 DP (2 x 76 mm)
8 x533mm torpedo tubes (4 each SET-65, 53-65 torpedoes)
2 x 12 RBU-6000 ASW RL (R: 3'000 m)
mines total: 42
Electronics: Radar: 1 MR-755 Fregat-M/Half Plate air/surf search
Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF, Ox Tail LF VDS
Fire Control: Purga ASW combat system, 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control EW: Start suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RL, 2 towed decoys
11356 (Talwar class)
Beam 15.2 m, Draft 4.2 m, Length 125 m
Full Displacement 4,035 t
Cruise Speed 14 kt (26 kph)
Top Speed 30 kt (56 kph)
Endurance 30 day
Ferry Range 4,850 nautical mile
Armament: A-190 100mm gun (500 rounds)
8 Brahmos VLS Ashms
Shtil-1 (24 missiles)
2xKashtan SAM (64 missiles)
2x533mm torpedo tubes
Power: 56,000 hp
Propulsion system comprises a two-shaft gas-turbine plant each developing 28,000-hp
The electric power is provided by four 800Kw WCM800/5-type diesel generators.
[CROSSREFERENCES | ARMAMENT:]
SA-8 /* SAN-4 Gekko / 9K33* Osa
9K33 Osa/SA-8 Gecko: specifications and image.
Owing to basic performance characteristics, the Russian torpedoes are on a par with their foreign counterparts and even surpass them in terms of reliability and ease of operation.
The modern torpedo is one of the most effective weapons in submarine warfare. Torpedoes constitute the primary ...[+]
RPK-8 RBU-6000 ASW
The RPK-8 Antisubmarine Rocket System is designed to engage submarines, torpedoes and frogmen.
It comprises the RBU-6000 Rocket Launcher, antisubmarine rockets, fire control system, and storage, transportation and loading facilities.
The rocket with underwater projectile is fitted with a HE ...[+]
As demonstrated by the experience of local conflicts, the role of naval gun armament increased considerably in recent years despite the intensive introduction of missile armament. Heightened attention to naval gun armament is attributable first and foremost to the wane in the euphoria of naval ...[+]
Russian naval mines are unrivaled for their performance characteristics, reliability and ease of operation. Russian scientists and designers of virtually all classes of mines have captured the lead in their development.
Naval mines may be "dangerous invisible" enemy or partner enabling ...[+]
AS-20 Kayak / SS-N-25 Switchblade / Kh-35 Uran
 In 1972 the Zvezda-Strela State Scientific-Industrial Center (GNPTs) group began working on the Uran (Western SS-N-25) anti-ship missile system for ships of various classes. The Kh-35 antiship cruise missile can be used by surface ships and motor boats, coastal reconnaissance/strike systems, ...[+]
SS-N-27 Sizzler / P-900, 3M54 Klub family
The Club missile system is designed to destroy submarine and surface vessels and also engage static/slow-moving targets, whose co-ordinates are known in advance, even if these targets are protected by active defences and electronic countermeasures.
There are two 'known' modifications of the ...[+]
1135 class was an entirely new design, initially believed in the West to be designed for offensive surface warfare. In reality, the class was intended primarily as a defensive ASW ship. The Krivak was designed as a less expensive and capable counterpart to the larger Kresta II and Kara classes, with which it originally shared the BPK designation.
1135M Krivak II mainly differs from the initial version in having a different caliber gun. Sources all agree that the Krivak II series consisted of 11 units, all constructed at Shipyard 820 and completed between 1975 and 1982. And while there is agreement on the names of these units, there is considerable diversity of opinion on the construction chronology.
It is generally agreed by most sources that as of 1999 at least four further units had been discarded, while some sources suggest that three additional units had also been discarded. All sources agree that at least one unit transfered to Ukraine, though as of early 2001 two Krivak-I frigates were reportedly among the units earmarked for disposal by Ukraine.
The novelty of a design "eleven-thirty fifth" was combined with essentially new technology of its construction. So, during the formation of the ship case on a building berth the continuous flow position method when the collected blocks in process of readiness moved from one position on another has been accepted. In particular, on the first position assembly of the second and third case blocks, and also loading of platforms under mid-flight engines was made.
On the second shields, the bases under mechanisms and devices were established, tests of welded seams and hydraulic tests of compartments for tightness were spent. On the third position - the general joining and welding of all blocks among themselves, stabilizers, arms of rowing shaft installation, installation of superstructures, a chimney and masts.
Besides, "Yantar" shipyard for the first time in the USSR the building-trigger equipment on spherical rolling support have been applied. Trigger sledges were equipped with separators with metal spheres in diameter of 101 mm, capable to move on paths of a building berth that has allowed to refuse to use the traditional greases for ways at the ship descent and to reduce labour input of this responsible operation.
In the technological attitude the feature of the new ship was the application of nonconventional constructional materials - aluminium alloys for all superstructures, a chimney and a mast, and also the titan for complex on the underkeel cowls and towed hydroacoustic stations configurations. And if the manufacturing of the steel details, assembly and sections welding on a building berth didn’t have any problems, during the work with nonferrous metals designs there were certain difficulties.
For demothballing of the sheet and profile hire from factory greasing, its editing on "Yantar" it was necessary to create a specialized site. Assembly and welding of superstructures from an easy alloy were carried out with a brigade of workers which was headed by A.N.Orehov. Despite of the big experience, ship builders had to study anew as the technology of work differed radically from applied earlier. So, after superstructure on a deck of running cabin welding the coils with a depth up to 30 mm have appeared, and during the circulation the deck "squelched".
Nobody knew how to get rid of this defect. Heating of a cloth of a deck by a gas cutting torch by "five-copeck coins", like editing of steel designs, has not brought any positive results.
Fortunately, the output has been found: A.N.Orehov experimentaly revealed, that if the coil is squeezed out in an opposite direction to a curve and to heat up a site within the limits of spaces an argon-arc torch not like "five-copeck coins", but in parallel lines than after the metal cooling the deformation disappears and does not appear any more.
The manufacturing of details from the titan became new to a factory also. It has turned out impossible to the existing equipment. It was necessary to use the plasma manual cutting, however at such technology the machining of edges for the gas-saturated layer removal was required as otherwise the welding of the titan was impossible. This method of manufacturing of details increased the labour input of works, but there wasn’t another choise.
The greatest complexity at the ship construction was the operational development of arms, especially missile complex "Osa". As a matter of fact, on Bditelnyy the pre-production model of this system altered from an overland complex have been established. It has been “sailed” direct on the ship, solving the problems not peculiar to an army variant - such, as working off of corners of rolling, tightness and dampproof of the onboard equipment, etc.
Less efforts Metel’ ("Blizzard") complex, initially created as the ship weapon, caused. Serious difficulties were caused with the installation of towed hydro-acoustic complex "Vega" systems. On tests the aerial on a cable was persistently withdrawn on 35° to the right board, while the cowl have not been chosen and the rudders have not been adjusted.
During the production tests in searches of an optimum variant on Bditelnyy three complete sets of rowing screws have been replaced, though the initial one has proved better the others. It is remarkable, that the measures stipulated by designers on the propulsive system noiseness decrease have appeared even more effective, than it was expected. Rowing screws on any turns did not enter in cavitation mode, and the established anti- cavitation system Pelena " Veil " practically was not used.
High reliability, controllability, seaworthiness, a good conditions of life. The minimal differences between the serial ships testify to an optimality of a design. " 1135, certainly, was the sample of the most advanced technics of that time.
The list of the innovations applied on it is really impressive: original gas turbine power plant, mid-flight reducer prefix, underkeel and towed hydro-acoustic complexes, perspective AD “Osa-M”, " a long hand " for hunting for enemy nuclear submarines - Metel ("Blizzard") and many other things.
The following fact speaks about the doubtless success of designers: not including the helicopter, Bditelnyy has the same ASW arms arsenal, as project 1134A and 1134B, but with a smaller ammunition. As for the displacement it concedes to them in two and a little bit times, and its other characteristics as a whole - are not worse.
A thirty-year intensive operation of the ships without essential failures testifies the reliability and survivability of their arms and mechanisms. For example, Baltic “Druzhnyy" ship which is more than 26 years, remains in the shape and carries out all elements of combat training though at last repair it was necessary to impose patches almost in 40 places on its case.
During the service of the ships lacks have come to light also. Censures were caused by the control station design: it is excessively complex and demands the qualified service whereas the efficiency of "Vega" complex is far from desirable. Cases of breakage and even loss of "body" of the towed hydro-acoustic station, unfortunately, were frequent.
The important minus was the fact that even its hydroacoustic means of "petrels" mismatched the opportunities of a complex Metel’ ("Blizzard"). Range of a submarine detection in the fine sea, that concerns the Baltic and the Barentsevo seas, as a rule, made nearby 7 - 15 km. In the ocean, certainly, it was higher, but nevertheless not so to apply Metel on full range.
It was possible to do it only according to the data, given by the other, directing ship. So "the long hand" has appeared to be the collective weapon. The arrangement of artillery was not too successfull either. As the rostrum was busy with the main weapon – the anti-boat one, there was a place for the artplants only on a forage, in the most vibrating place.
It was reflected on work of the shooting automatics and accuracy. The artfire management from one general station "Tourel" has led to the two towers work as one, and it practically excludes an opportunity of simultaneous firing on the several objects. Besides, the sectors of bombardment were rather limited also, and small calibre ÀÊ-726 did not allow to struggle with the strong surface purposes - such as frigate or destroyer, to participate in the fire support of a landing.
It is necessary to consider the ammunition overcharge complexity and the duration as a lack. Loading of all kinds of the weapon on the ships of the project 1135 can be carried out either in base, or in the sea at a full calm, which is unreal in conditions of military actions. However, it is explainable: in the 60s when the weapon was developed, the problem of its transfer on the ship in the sea has not been solved yet.
In summary it is necessary to remind, that 1135 ("Petrel") was supposed to be a specialized ship for struggle against submarines in ASW group structure. The question of a universal purpose was not put up then. The main task was to find a submarine at a great distance from coast, to pursue it for a long time and to destroy. As the experience of doctrines and fighting services has shown, this purpose has been reached. Therefore the listed lacks cannot cross out a positive estimation of the ship as a whole - as many of them were eliminated during the modernizations.
The Project 11356 is a guided-missile frigate designed to counter surface ships, submarines and airborne targets operating alone or embedded into convoys. Due to the use of stealth technologies and a special hull design, the resulting frigate features reduced radar cross section (RCS) as well as electromagnetic, acoustic and infrared signatures.
Equipped with state-of-the-art Russian-made sensors and weapon systems, the Project 11356 frigate is a modern ship with balanced capabilities capable of countering modern Western naval assets.
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