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Database / Navy / submarines / ssk  / 877 / 636 kylo class

877 / 636 Kylo class

total active:16


  • State of the Russian Navy
  • Active SSK
  • In reserve/decommissioned SSK

    BLS  3
    NOR  5
    PAC  8
    * where available

    Table 1. Active ships [NAVY]

    B 394 #199, Komsomolsk  12.1988  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 15.04.1988. Ex-Komsomolets Tajikistana. 182 brigade.

    B 190 KRASNOKAMENSK #199, Komsomolsk  1993  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 08.05.1992. 182 brigade.

    B 345 MOGOCHA #199, Komsomolsk  22.01.1994  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 22.04.1993.

    B 445 ST NIKOLAI CHUDOTVORETS #199, Komsomolsk  30.01.1988  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 21.03.1987. 2002 overhaul at SRZ-49.

    B 464 UST'-KAMCHATSK #199, Komsomolsk  30.01.1990  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 26.05.1989. 10.2002 decommissioned(?) 07.2007 visited by Navy CINC Adm Masorin. 11.2011 tranferred from Zavoiko.

    B 260 CHITA Krasnoe Sormovo  30.12.1981  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 22.02.1981. 2005: active, Vladivostok. 06.2012 ASW and rescue exercises.

    B 439 #199 Komsomolsk  30.12.1986  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 04.04.1986. 2004 overhaul at Dal'zavod

    B 494 UST'-BOLSHERETSK #199, Komsomolsk  30.12.1990  19 BRPL PAC   +  

    Laid: 05.05.1990. 182 brigade. 07.2007 visited by Navy CINC Adm Masorin.

    B 402 VOLOGDA Krasnoe Sormovo  12.1984  161 BRPL NOR   +  

    Laid: 24.08.1983. Renamed to Vologda. 01.1992-06.1993 overhaul.

    B 808 YAROSLAVL' Krasnoe Sormovo  1988  161 BRPL NOR   +  

    Laid: 29.09.1986. improved Kilo class with improved quieting and automation. May be considered an interim design between the standard 'Kilo' and the new Lada project. 1993-1995 overhaul at SRZ-35. 09.2007 visited Norway. 2009 overhaul at Nerpa. 06.2012 Bold Monarch-2012.

    B 800 KALUGA Krasnoe Sormovo  30.09.1989  161 BRPL NOR   +  

    improved Kilo class with improved quieting and automation. May be considered as an interim design between the standard 'Kilo' and the new Lada project. Laid: 5.03.1987. 31.10.1989 entered NOR (Polyarnyy) 1989 - 6.05.1991 entered 153 brigade, Black Sea Fleet (Sevastopol, South harbour) 2.-9.04.1990 took part in joint USSR-Romania-Bulgaria exercises on Black Sea, visited Contanza. 6.05.-5.07.1991 Mediterrian Sea. 1991 transferred to NOR. Entered 161 division (Polyarnyy). 1.04-23.05.1992 Barents and Norwegian seas. 14.10.1994 won CINC price "for best torpedo attack" 1996 - 2001 stay in base. 2002 towed to Severodvinsk for repairs. 05.2003 renamed to Kaluga. 2003, 2009, 2010-07.2013 overhaul at Zvezdochka.

    B 471 MAGNITOGORSK Krasnoe Sormovo  30.12.1990  161 BRPL NOR   +  

    Laid: 26.10.1988. ex-Almet'evsk. Renamed to Magnitogorsk. 05.2009 visited Norway for Navy Day celebration.

    B 177 LIPETSK Krasnoe Sormovo  30.12.1991  161 BRPL NOR   +  

    Laid: 03.11.1989. Renamed to Lipetsk. 40th division?. 04.2007 visited by foreign media delegation. 04.2008 visited by Norway MoD delegation.

    B 261 NOVOROSSYYSK Admiralty verf  17.09.2014  4 OBRPL BLS   +  

    636.3-I. Keel laid 20.08.2010. Launched 28.11.2013. 02.2014 sea trials. Planned for Novorossyysk, BLS, till 2015.

    B 871 ALROSA Krasnoe Sormovo  30.12.1990  4 OBRPL BLS   +  

    Laid: 17.05.1988. Renamed to Alrosa. Equipped with pump jet propulsor. Only Black Sea Fleet submarine. 03.2004 took part in ASW exercises in BLS. 2005: 70% contract service. 2004-2006 took part in naval parades in Sevastopol. 04.2008 BLS sea trainings. Repairs. 08.2009 sea trials. 11.2009 engine failure during patrol near Georgia. 2009-2010 overhaul, trials. 04.2011 tactical exercises. 05.2011 Bold Monarch-2011 exercises in Spain. 2011-2012 repairs in Baltyysk. 09.2012 visited Spain, re-entered BLS.

    B 237 ROSTOV-NA-DONU Admiralty verf  30.12.2014  4 OBRPL BLS   +  

    636.3-II. Keel laid 21.11.2011. Launched 26.06.2014. Sea trials.

    B 187 #199 Komsomolsk  30.12.1991  19 BRPL PAC   inactive  

    Laid: 07.05.1991. 1997, 2009 overhaul.

    B 459 VLADIKAVKAZ Krasnoe Sormovo  30.09.1990  161 BRPL NOR   inactive  

    Laid: 25.02.1988

    B 401 NOVOSIBIRSK Krasnoe Sormovo  30.10.1984  161 BRPL NOR   inactive  

    Laid: 06.10.1982. Renamed to Novosibirsk. Overhaul 2002+.

    B 806 DMITROV   1991  3 ODNPL BAL   inactive  

    improved Kilo class with improved quieting and automation. Assigned to Baltic Fleet for training purposes. May be considered an interim design between the standard 'Kilo' and the new Lada project. Overhauled. 2000-2004 overhaul at Admiralty Yard, St.Petersburg.

    B 227 VYBORG #199, Komsomolsk  23.02.1983  3 ODNPL BAL   inactive  

    Laid: 23.02.1982. 2003-2004 overhaul.

    B 262 STARY OSKOL Admiralty verf  pending  BLS   pending  

    636.3-III. Launched 28.08.2014.

    B 268 VELIKY NOVGOROD Admiralty verf  pending  BLS   pending  

    636.3-V. Keel laid: 30.10.2014

    B 265 KRASNODAR Admiralty verf  pending  BLS   pending  

    636.3-IV. Keel laid: 20.02.2014

    B 271 KOLPINO Admiralty verf  pending  BLS   pending  

    636.3-VI. Keel laid: 30.10.2014

    D. (tons): 2,300-2,325 tons Surfaced
    3,076-3,950 tons Full load submerged
    Speed (kts): 10-12 knots Surfaced
    17-25 knots Submerge
    Dimensions (m): 70.0-72.6 meters long
    9.9 meters beam
    6.2-6.5 meters draft
    Diving depth: 240 meters Operational
    300 meters Maximum
    Endurance: 6,000 miles With snorkel (@ 7 knots)
    400 miles Submerged (@ 3 knots)
    12.7 miles At full run (@ 21 knots)
    45 days Sea Endurance
    Propulsion: diesel and electric motors
    2 x 1000 kW Diesel generators
    1 x 5,500-6,800 shp Propulsion motor
    1 x 7-blade fixed-pitch Propeller
    Crew: 52
    Armament: 8 Strela-3 (SA-N-8 Gremlin) or
    8 Igla (SA-N-10 Gimlet)
    6/533 mm Torpedoe Tubes
    18 VA-111 (w: c/nucl) Torpedoes or
    24 mines
    Sonar: radio communications
    combat control information system
    navigation system
    1 MRK-50 (Snoop Tray-2)general purpose detection radar
    MGK-400 Rubikon (Shark Teeth) active/passive Sonar
    2 Periscopes
    [one for commander, one for air defence]


    Owing to basic performance characteristics, the Russian torpedoes are on a par with their foreign counterparts and even surpass them in terms of reliability and ease of operation. The modern torpedo is one of the most effective weapons in submarine warfare. Torpedoes constitute the primary ...[+]

    Sea Mines
    Russian naval mines are unrivaled for their performance characteristics, reliability and ease of operation. Russian scientists and designers of virtually all classes of mines have captured the lead in their development. Naval mines may be "dangerous invisible" enemy or partner enabling ...[+]

    SA-13 GOPHER / 9K35 Strela-10
    ZRK-BD Strela-10 The SA-13 GOPHER [ZRK-BD Strela-10] is a short-range, low altitude SAM system. The SA-13 missile (9M37) is 2.2 m long, 0.12 m in diameter with a 0.4 m wingspan and has a maximum speed of Mach 2. It carries a 5 kg HE warhead and is fitted with either an improved passive lead ...[+]

    SS-N-27 Sizzler / P-900, 3M54 Klub family
    The Club missile system is designed to destroy submarine and surface vessels and also engage static/slow-moving targets, whose co-ordinates are known in advance, even if these targets are protected by active defences and electronic countermeasures. There are two 'known' modifications of the ...[+]

    The Project 636 submarines (NATO reporting name: Kylo) are intended to destroy enemy submarines, surface combatant ships and vessels, protect naval bases, sea costs and lanes, carry out reconnaissance and land reconnaissance groups. These submarines were developed from the 877EKM submarines. Designers managed to resolve many problems by increasing the length of the inner hull by two frame spacings (600 mm x 2), thereby increasing the power of diesel-generators and mounting them on improved shock-absorbing support, reducing twofold the main propulsion shaft speed, etc. Owing to these improvements, the submarine speed and sea endurance were increased, while the noise level was radically decreased and other characteristics were improved.

    The Russian Kilo Class submarine first entered service in the early 1980's. It was designed by the Rubin Central Maritime Design Bureau, St Petersburg. Subsequent developments have led to the current production versions, the Type 877EKM and most recently, Type 636. A successor, the Amur, which incorporates an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system also designed by Rubin, is being developed. The AIP system could also be available for retrofit to the other versions. The submarine was originally built at the Komsomolsk shipyard but is now constructed at the Admiralty Shipyard in St Petersburg. China has two Type 636 submarines, the second joined the Chinese fleet in January 1999.

    Type 636 is designed for anti-submarine (ASW) and anti-surface ship (ASuW) warfare and also for general reconnaissance and patrol missions. The Type 636 submarine is considered to be to be one of the quietest diesel submarines in the world. It is said to be capable of detecting an enemy submarine at a range 3 to 4 times greater than it can be detected itself.

    The low noise of the submarine was achieved owing to its streamlined configuration, special anti-sonar rubber coating applied to the outer hull, quiet operating mechanisms and other design improvements.
    Blended into natural marine sounds, the submarine is capable of detecting the enemy submarine at a range 3-4 times greater than its own detection and since it possesses powerful and accurate quick-action torpedo weapons, this submarine hits the enemy first in a duel.
    To increase its survivability, the submarine is partitioned into six compartments by robust transverse bulkheads. The submarine, featuring a 30 percent buoyancy, can keep afloat, even when one compartment with two adjacent tanks of one side ballast is flooded.
    The submarine is powered by a one-shaft power plant operating in a full electrically propelled mode. The main propulsion motor, economic run motor and seven-blade propeller of special design are arranged on the shaft line. In addition, there are two stand-by propulsion units that ensure the submarine's run in narrow waters, at mooring and in emergencies.
    Two 120 cell storage batteries of a new design are accommodated in the first and third compartments of the submarine.
    The submarine is automated and fitted with a torpedo tube quick-loading system. All torpedo tubes are accommodated in the nose part of the submarine.
    The torpedo tubes can launch mines in lieu of torpedoes. The submarine and its weapons are controlled from the main control room, isolated from other compartments.

    The submarine consists of six watertight compartments separated by transverse bulkheads in a pressurised double-hull. This design and the submarine's good reserve buoyancy lead to increased survivability if the submarine is holed, even with one compartment and two adjacent ballast tanks flooded. The foreplanes are positioned on the upper hull in front of the fin or sail. The design is a development of the 877EKM Kilo class, with extended hull. The power of the diesel generators has been increased and the main propulsion shaft speed has been reduced to provide a substantial reduction in the acoustic signature of the submarine. Maximum diving depth is 300 m. Speed is 11 knots when surfaced and 20 knots when submerged. Range is 7,500 miles when snorkelling at 7 knots and 400 miles when submerged at 3 knots.

    The submarine is equipped with a multi- purpose combat and command system which provides information for effective submarine control and torpedo firing. The system's high-speed computer can: process information from the surveillance equipment and display it on the screen; determine submerged and surface target data and calculate firing parameters; provide automatic fire control; and provide information and recommendations on manoeuvres and deployment of weapons.

    To enhance operational efficiency, the submarine CO controls the boat and torpedo firing via a multipurpose command-information control system (BIUS) incorporating a high-speed computer. The submarine is also equipped with state-of-the-art electronic, communications and navigational aids.

    The submarine's propulsion system consists two diesel generators, a main propulsion motor, a fuel-economic motor and a single shaft driving a seven blade fixed-pitch propeller. There are two additional stand-by motors for running in shallow waters, at mooring and in cases of emergency. Two 120 cell storage batteries are installed in the first and third compartments of the submarine. The main machinery is equipped with an automatic control system.

    The advanced ventilation and air-conditioning system can be optionally installed to suit the customer's choice. The submarine is also fitted with a new large capacity refrigerating system. The submarine technical facilities guarantee its reliable operation in any climatic conditions.
    The complement is 52 men. The crew is accommodated in comfortable cabins. The submarine also has a galley, shower, medical bay and officer's wardroom.


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