Database / Missiles / mlrs  / 9m22u grad mlrs

9m22u Grad MLRS

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 947
Competitor
M270 MLRS (~857)  Compare
Used in:
+2200 in storage

9k58 Smerch MLRS | M270 MLRS
30 30 857 857
9m22u Grad MLRS | M270 MLRS
947 947 857 857
9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS | M270 MLRS
286 286 857 857
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  21 OMSBR Totskoe 2 A CENTER

# 12128. 21 Detached Guard mot rifle Omsk-Novobug Red Banner Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 461134, Orenburg distr, Totskoe. ex- 27 mot div. 2000: 506, 433 mot rgts, 152 tk rgt, 268 arty rgt, 838 ad rgt. Some units took part in Chechen war 1994. 2000: 185 T-72, 318 BMP, 159 BTR, 36 2s19 Msta-S, 98 2s3 Akatsia, 13 Grad. 08.2008 bn exercises, firings. Till 06.2009 reforming to bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  23 OMSBR Samara 2 A CENTER

# 65349. 23 Detached Guard mot rifle Petrakuvskaya Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitsyy Brigade. Address: 443101, Samara. ex- 81 separate mot rgt. 2000: 2162 pers., 30 T-72, 126 BMP-1, 25 2s3 Akatsia, 10 MT-LBT. Moved from Germany (90 tk div). Took part in Chechen war. Ex-commander col Yaroslavtsev and Head of Staff lt.col Burlakov injured 12.1994. During assault of Groznyy 1,2 bns were captured, got huge losses (150 killed/MIA). 02.1994 put in reserve in airport Severnyy. 04.1995 moved from Chechnya. Total losses: 157 killed/MIA. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa– 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  3 OBRSpN Tolyatti Central Military District CENTER

# 21208. 3 Detached Guard Warsaw-Berlin red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: Samara distr, Tol'yatti. 2000: 1040 pers. 08.2008 one unit took part in war in South Ossetia. 2010 transferred from Chernorech'e (Samara) to Tol'yatti.

  32 OMSBR Novosibirsk 41 A CENTER

# 22316. 32 Detached mot rifle Leningrad-Pavlov Red Banner Brigade. Address: 630017, Novosibirsk. ex 85 mot div (228 mot rgt). 2000: 59, 141, 228 mot rgt, 387 tk rgt, 167 arty rgt, 1131 ad rgt. 2009: in formation of bde. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 130 BTR-70. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  35 OMSBR Aleisk 41 A CENTER

# 41659. 35 Detached Guard mot rifle Volgograd-Kiev Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 658130, Altay distr, Aleisk. ex 122 mot div. relocated from Dauria. 12.2005: 100% formed of contract service. 2008 commander: col Andrey Khoptyar. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  74 OMSBR Yurga 41 A CENTER

# 21005. 74 Detached Guard mot rifle Zvenigorod-Berlin Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 652053, Kemerovo distr, Yurga. ex- 94 mot div relocated from Germany. Ex-commander Col Bakhin injured, later since 1995 col Nikolai Batalov. 30.12.1994 in Chechnya in reserve: 3000+persons, 45 tanks, 115 BMP. Fought in street fights in Groznyy. 02.1995 moved to Sever Group, attacked south part of Groznyy. 20-23.03.1995 attacked Argun and Mesker-Yurt, blocked Argun, captured Gudermes, Petropavlovskaya, Il'inskaya. 1999 Vostochnaya zone, Chechnya, 01.2000 Serzhen' Yurt. 1994-1996 losses in Chechnya - 120 persons (?). 09.2003 regional comd.-staff trainings. 09.2005 military exercises. 09.2008 comd staff exercises. 03.2009 complex exercises of military reform. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 43 า-72, 120 มฬฯ-3*? 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  24 OBRSpN Novosibirsk Central Military District CENTER

# 55433. 24 Detached Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: Novosibirsk, Bogatkova str. 02-04.1995 one recce group transferred to 324 mot rgt took part in Chechen war, fought near Gikalovkyy, Chechen-Aul. 2010: planned to be relocated to EAST. 2012 relocated from Irkutsk to Novosibirsk.

  201 VB Dushanbe, Tajikistan Central Military District CENTER

201 Gatchina Twice Red Banner Military Base. Address: 620219, Ekaterinburg, Lenina, 71. In fact, Tajikistan, Dushanbe. ex- 201 mot div, 5500 pers. Kurgan-Tyuba, Kulyaba. 3 x rgt, 4 separate bn. Spent RUR 3 bln for garrison reconstruction. 07.2008 trainings in mountains, firings. 01.2009 inspected by VU CINC. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 24, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4– 6, ZU-23-2 – 4. Reformed to 3 bns' det mot bde. 05.2011 delivered new biege uniform. 08.2011 tank firings exercises at test range. 09.2011 inspected by GT CINC. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises. 06.2012 Peace Mission-2012 exercises: 350 soldiers, 50 weapon units. 09.2012 command staff exercises.

  28 OMSBR Ekaterinburg Central Military District CENTER

# 61423. 28th Detached mot rifle Simferopol Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade named by S. Ordzhonikidze. Address: 620070, Ekaterinburg. ex 34th mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises.

  28 OMSBR Ekaterinburg Central Military District CENTER

# 61423. 28th Detached mot rifle Simferopol Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade named by S. Ordzhonikidze. Address: 620070, Ekaterinburg. ex 34th mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 09.2011 Center-2011 exercises.

  187 BKhIRVT Nizhneudinsk Central Military District CENTER

# 21431. 187 Sivash-Shtetting Order Lenin Twice Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Labour Red Banner Base of Storage of Arms and Equipment. Address: 665102, Irkutsk distr, Nizhneudinsk. (86 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  103 BKhIRVT Shilovo Central Military District CENTER

# 32456. 103 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Novosibirsk distr, Shilovo. (84 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  104 BKhIRVT Aleysk Central Military District CENTER

104 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Altai distr, Aleysk. (85 det mot bde). ex- mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  18 PULAD Goryachie Klyuchi (Sakhalin) 68 AK EAST

# 05812. 18 Machine-Gun Artillery Division. Address: 694534, Sakhalin, Kurili distr, Goryachie Klyuchi. tk rgt (Kunashir), mot bn (Iturup): 46, 49, 484 mg arty rgts. 04.2008 inspected by FE staff. 2008 commander: col Valery Asapov? Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2A36 Giatsint-B – 36, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 12, ZSU-23-4 - 12. 2010: T-55 tanks changed to T-80BV.

  70 OMSBR Ussuryysk (Far East) 5 A EAST

# 24776. 70 Detached Guard mot rifle Dukhovschino-Khingan Order October Revolution Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 692723, Primorie, Khasan distr, Barabash. ex 129 mg arty div (231 mot rgt). 2000: mg arty rgt (Ussuryysk), tk rgt, ad rgt (Zanadvorovka), arty rgt 2S19. 10.2007 arty trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  59 OMSBR Sergeevka 5 A EAST

# 44980. 59 Detached mot rifle Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 692591, Primorie, Pogranicnyy distr, Sergeevka. ex 127 mg arty div. 2000: 2 mg arty rgts (Sergeevka)- ex- 277 moto div- 130 mg arty rgt (314 moto rgt)(Pogranichnyy), mg arty rgt (Lipovtsy), arty rgt (Barano-Orenburzhskoe). 06.2004 took part in "Mobility-2004" exercises in Far East. 10.2007 arty trainings. 2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. 05.2008: 76th anniversary.2008 commander: col Sergey Ryzhkov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  57 OMSBR Bikin 5 A EAST

# 46102. 57 Detached mot rifle Krasnograd Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 682971, Khabarovsk distr, Bikin, Eastern town. ex 81 mot div. 2000: 233 mot rgt (Bikin), mot rgt (Vyazemsky), tk rgt, ad rgt (Bikin). 09.2005 practical exercises near Ussuryysk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  64 OMSBR Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

# 51460. 64 Detached mot rifle Brigade. Address: 680041, Khabarovsk-41. ex 882 mot rgt 270 mot div. 2000: 509 tk rgt, 102,478, 882 mot rgt, arty rgt (1 mlrs div, 2 howz div), 470 ad rgt (Osa), 128 EW bde. 09.2006 rgt military exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  38 OMSBR Belogorsk 35 A EAST

# 21720. 38 Detached Guard mot rifle Vitebsk Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 676853, Amur distr, Belogorsk. ex 21 mot div. 2000: 143 mot rgt (Ekaterinoslavka), 57 mg arty rgt (Blagoveschensk), +ex - 21 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia - 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska– 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-2*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2011 comd staff exercises

  39 OMSBR Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk 68 AK EAST

# 35390. 39 Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 693002, yuzho-Sakhalinsk, Dzerzhinskogo str, 32. ex 33 mot div. 2000: 465 mot rgt (Leonidovo), 385 mot rgt (Dachnoe), tk bn (Khomutovo), 12.2007 comd staff exercises. 01.2008 military comd staff exercises. 07.2008 practice firings. 01.2009 sniper, RPG trainings, comd-staff exercises. 02.2009 tk firing exercises. 03.2009 field company's trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S5 Giatsint-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 02.2011 inspection by combat readiness by District Staff.

  14 OBRSpN Ussuryysk Eastern MD EAST

# 74854. 14 Detached Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: 692509, Primorie, Ussuryysk, Novoselova str, 4. incl 282 rgt (Khabarovsk, Volochaevskyy). 01.1995 one unit took part in Chechen war.

  36 OMSBR Borzya 29 A EAST

# 06705. 36 Detached Guard mot rifle Lozovskaya Red Banner Brigade. Address: 674600, Zabaikal distr, Borzya. ex- 131 mg arty div, 38 mot div. 113 mot rgt - Dosatuy, 115 mot rgt- Yasnaya, 408 mot rgt- Nerchenskyy zavod, 279 tk rgt, 88 arty rgt. 11.2006 arty/mort trainings. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons. 03.2011 tank firings. 04.2011 inspected by 29OA CINC commission. 07.2011 exercises at Tsugol test range.

  5 OTBR Ulan Ude 36 A EAST

# 46108. 5 Detached Guard Tank Tatsinskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: Buryatia, Ulan-Ude. ex storage. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-72, 55 BMP-2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 06.2010 planned firings by platoons.

  37 OMSBR Kyakhta 36 A EAST

# 69647. 37th Detached Guard mot rifle Don Budapest Red Banner Order Red Star Brigade. ex5 tk div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 BMP-1/2

  60 OMSBR Sibirtsevo/Lipovtsy 5 A EAST

# 16871. 60th Detached mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 692680, Primorie, Kamen-Rybolov. ex 218 tk rgt 127 mg arty div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP-1/2. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  247 BHIRVT Sibirtsevo 5 A EAST

# 30615. 247 Red Banner storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692380, Primorie, Chernigov distr, Monastyrische-2. (94 det mot bde) ex 121 mot div. mot rgt (Kamen'-Rybolov)- ex- 121 trg div- 291ind trg centr; tk rgt (Sibirtsevo), rgts (Lyalichi) ,1220 arty rgt (Lyalichi), 1136 ad rgt (Troitskoe). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  245 BHIRVT Lesozavodsk 5 A EAST

# 92910. 245 storage and repair of weapons and equipment base. Address: 692039, Primorie, Lesozavodsk, Gagarina. (93 det mot bde) ex 130 mg arty div. ex- 135 mot div. 472 mot rgt, mlrs div (Lesozavodsk), rgt (Filino), rgt (Lazo), rgt (Panteleimonovka), arty rgt (Dal'nerechinsk). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB.

  227 BKhIRVT Divizionnaya 36 A EAST

# 44286. 227 Base of Storage and Repair of Arms and Equipment. Address: Ulan-Ude, Divizionnaya. (87 det mot bde) Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  230 BHIRVT Dachnoe Eastern MD EAST

230 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (88 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  237 BHIRVT Bikin 5 A EAST

237 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (89 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  240 BHIRVT Belogorsk 35 A EAST

240 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (90 sep mot bde) ex 21 mot dov. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs– 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  243 BHIRVT Khabarovsk 35 A EAST

243 Base of Storage and Repair of Weapons and Equipment. (92 det mot bde) ex 270 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 122 mm 2S1 Gvozdika– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 BMP?MT-LB

  225 BHIRVT Yasnaya 29 A EAST

225 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. (29 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 57-mm AZP– 18, ZSU-23-4 – 6

  18 OMSBR Khankala 58 A SOUTH

# 27777. 18 Detached Guard mot rifle Evpatoria Red Banner Brigade. Address: Chechen rep, Khankala. ex 42 mot div. 2005: 18,000 pers., 72 mot rgt (Kalinoskaya), 71 mot rgt (Khankala), 70 mot rgt, 392 tk rgt, 50 arty rgt (Shali)- 130 tanks, 350 mt-lb, 200 bmp/btr, 100 arty, 5 mtu. 2004: 7000 pers on contract service; salary $555/month - soldier, $630 - sgt, $815 - bn commander + bonuses. 15.07.2008 explosion during transportation of explosives. 08.2008 70, 71, moto rgts, 417 recce bn, 2 companies of Vostok/Zapad bns took part in war in South Ossetia. 09.08.2008 Vostok jointly with 503 mot rgt (19 mot div) re-captured Tskhinval. Losses 70,71 rgts: 5? Killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62, 130 BTR-70?. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  205 OMSBR Budennovsk 58 A SOUTH

# 69672. 205 Detached mot rifle Cossack Brigade. Address: 356800, Stavropol distr, Budennovsk. Formed 17.03.1995 on basis of 167 mot bde+723 mot rgt (Grozny). Took part in Chechen war. Was located in Severnyy airport, in Khankala and Shali. 6000 persons (7500 in 1996), 11000 weapons. 08.1996 fought for Groznyy, Shatoy. Losses: 120 killed. Moved from Chechnya 11.1996 to Budennovsk. 1999 transferred to Chechnya, captured Groznyy. Chechen war losses: 505 persons killed+MIA. 4216 pers., 28 T-72, 11 BMP-K, 13 BRM-1K, 7 BTR-80, 93 MT-LB, 12 2s3 Akatsia. 12 Grad, 15 BMP-1KSh, 54 MT-LBT. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  136 OMSBR Buinaksk 58 A SOUTH

# 69671. 136 Detached Guard mot rifle Uman-Berlin Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 368220, Dagestan, Buinaksk, Ali-Klycha str, 4. 2000: 5058 pers., 32 T-72, 12 BMP-2, 100 BMP-1, 14 BRM-1K, 16 BTR-80, 54 MT-LB, 24 D-30, 28 PM-38, 4 Uragan, 13 BMP-1KSh Took part in Chechen war. 06.1995 fought near Vedeno. 01.1996 attacked Pervomayskoe (696 bn- 730 pers). 05.1996 captured Goyskoe, Stary Achkhoy (jointly with 131,136 mot bdes), attacked Bamut. 08.1996 fought for Groznyy, main losses. 08.1999 fought in Dagestan (commander col G.Eliadze).10.1999-03.2000: 698 bn entered Chechnya from Dagestan, 696 bn to Khasavyurt, 697 bn - Serzhen-Yurt. Chechen war losses: 32 killed/MIA. 07.2008 tactical trainings. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Losses: 2? Killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, มฬ 9ภ331 – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90, 120 BMP-1/2/3*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 5.09.2010 terrorist attack at bde test reange- 5 soldiers died.

  7 VB Gudauta 49 A SOUTH

# 09332. 7 Krasnodar Red Banner Order Kutuzov Order Red Star Military Base. Address: 385000, Adigeya, Maikop. In Fact- Gudauta, Abkhazia. ex 131 separate mot bde Maikop (Adigeya). 12.1994 took part in Chechen war. Ex-CINC col Igor Savin killed 01.01.1995. 12.1994 fought near Tersky, Groznyy. 1994: 1469 persons, 20 T-72, 120 BMP, 16 guns. 1,2 mot bns were attacked by rebels and destroyed in Groznyy. Losses: 74 killed, 76 MIA, 15 tanks (of 26), 47 BMP, 6 Tunguska. Put in reserve. 03.1995 captured Gudermes. 04.1995 transferred to Maikop. 03.1996 transferred to Chechnya. 05.1996 captured Staryy Achkhoi, attacked Bamut, mine clearance operations. 09.1996 moved from Chechnya. 1999-2000 fought in Chechnya. Total losses: 189 persons killed. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 24, 2B14 Podnos- 24, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 12, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90*, 130 BTR-80*. 06.2009 Kavkaz-2009 exercises. 2010 commander Maj Gen Chebotaryov. 06.2010 comd staff exercises. 03.2011 field exercises. 04.2011 tactical exercises with firings. 10.2011 tactical exercises. 08.2012 bn exercises with firings.

  10 OBRSpN Molkino Southern Military District SOUTH

# 51532. 10 Detached Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: 353211, Krasnodar distr, Goryachy Klyuch, Mol'kino. Formed 2003; 3,500 pers. 08.2008 unit took part in war in South Ossetia. Losses: 2? Killed.

  22 OBRSpN Aksai Southern Military District SOUTH

# 11659. 22 Detached Guard Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: 346710, Rostov distr, Aksai, Stepnoi. 2000: 1692 pers., 25 BTR-80, 11 BMP-2, 11 D-30, 8 Grad. 1994 took part in Chechen war. 01.1995 unsuccessful descent operation headed by Maj Morozov: lost 2 (killed), 50 soldiers captured and de-armed by rebels, later transferred to Russians (Maj Morozov got under investigation of this event, result is unknown). 1996: 173 unit (included 3 recce companies, BMPs/BTRs, 6 AT Fagot, 6 AGS-17) fought for Pervomaiskoe (killed 85 rebels), Kizlyar. 11.1996 173 unit moved from Chechnya. Chechen campaign losses: 42 killed. 08.2008 some units took part in war in South Ossetia. Losses: 1?killed. 06.2011 exercises in Rostov distr.

  19 OMSBR Vladikavkaz 58 A SOUTH

# 20634. 19 Detached mot rifle Voronezh-Shumlinskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Labour Red Banner Brigade. Address: 362000, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz, Sputnik. ex 503 mot rgt 19 mot div. 2000: 2387 pers., 27 T-72, 127 BTR-80, 1 BMP-2, 3 BRM-1K, 2 2s3 Akatsia, 1 BMP-1KSh, 2 PRP-4, 5 RKhM. 10.2004 took part in military exercises. 1995 took part in Chechen war, Group "West". 02.1995 fought for Groznyy, captured several points. Rebels captured 12 soldiers, later FSB re-captured them. 03-05.1995 Group "South", attacked Shali, Germenchuk. 08.1996 fought in Groznyy. 10.1996 moved from Chechnya. 10.1999 Group "West", 03.2000 Komsomolskoe. Chechen campaign losses: 144 killed/MIA. 05.07.2007 garrison attacked by rebels. No injuiries reported. 07.2007 comd.staff exercises. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. 09.08.2008 jointly with Vostok bn (42 mot div) re-captured Tskhinval. Losses: 2?killed. 12.2008 terror explosion near garrison in Ingushetia. No losses reported. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S (2S3M Akatsia)– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani - 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90, 120 BMP-1/2/3*. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts. 06.2011 exercises in North Ossetia.

  17 OMSBR Shali 58 A SOUTH

# 65384. 17th Detached Guard mot rifle Order Suvorov Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade. Address: 366300, Chechen Republic, Shali. ex mountain mot rgt 42 mot div. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos - 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-62?72, 120 MT-LB. 4393? Pers, 327 officers, 1005 sgts

  8 OMSBR(G) Borzoi 49 A SOUTH

# 16544. 8th Detached Guard mot rifle Chertkovskaya Twice Order Lenin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitsky Brigade (mountain) named by Marshal Katukov. Address: 366402, Chechen Republic, Borzoi. ex 2 mot div, Tamanskaya. 2009 forming in Naro-Fominsk. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80?90, 120 BTR-80

  4 VB Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia) 49 A SOUTH

# 66431. 4th Guard Vapnyar-Berlin Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Military Base. Address: 362000, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz. In fact, Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia). 693 separate mot bde, ex 693 mot rgt 19 mot div. Planned staff 2009- BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 2B14 Podnos- 24, 82 mm 2B9 Vasilek – 12, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 9A10M1 Buk-M1 – 6, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-72/90?, 120 BMP-2. 06.2009 Kavkaz-2009 exercises. 03.2011 field exercises. 07.2011 field exercises. 09.2011 tanks field exercises.

  200 OMSBR Pechenga Coastal Troops WEST

# 08275. 200 Detached mot rifle Pechenga Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 184411, Murmansk distr, Pechenga. 2000: 2944 pers., 62 T-80, 34 BTR, 334 MT-LBT, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Uragan, 12 Grad. 25% contract soldiers. 04.2004 tactical trainings. 08.2004 practical AD trainings. 06.2005 delegation visited Norway. 2005 commander Maj Gen Sergey Kuzmin. 09.2005 tactical trainings with practical firings. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006: 100% contract sgts, 30% contract soldiers. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 03.2007 arty trainings with firings. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 04.2008 inspected by GT CINC. 07.2008 company's tactical exercises.08.2008 recce units trainings. 11.2008 delegation visited Finland. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 18, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 03.2011 exercises jointly with 61st det marines rgt. 11.2012 resubordinated from Ground Troops to Northern Fleet Coastal troops.

  138 OMSBR Kamenka 6 A WEST

# 02511. 138 Detached Guard mot rifle Krasnoselskaya Order Lenin Red Banner Brigade. Address: 188827, Leningrad distr, Viborg, Kamenka. Formed from 45 mot div. 10.1999 combat operations in Chechnya, Zapadnaya zone, 12.1999 Urus-Martan, 01.2000 captured Katyr Yurt, 02-03.2000 secured Argun, Itum Kale near Georgia. Chechen campaign losses: 122 killed/MIA. 4357 pers., 129 mot rgt, 133 separate tk rgt, 696, 697 ind mot bn. 63 T-80, 34 BTR, 198 MT-LB, 36 2s3 Akatsia, 24 Grad. 03.2005 visited by MoD delegation. 05.2005 practical exercises. 2005: 1500 contract service soldiers. 2005 commander: col Alexander Romanenko. 09.2005 visited 19th inf rgt in Sweden. 25.01.2006 rgt took part in "Snezhinka" joint Russia - Sweden (19 inf rgt) military exercises in Sweden. 03.2006 AD trainings. 04.2006 inspected by CINC A.Gen Puzanov. 08.2006 military trainings. 09.2006 20 contract soldiers serve from CIS countries. 02.2007 AD trainings: Tunguska, Igla, Strela launches. 02.2007 tk bn exercises with firings. 03.2007 installed new security system for bde objects. 08.2007 comd.staff exercises. 12.2007 Snezhinka-2007 joint Russian Sweden exercises. 04.2008 tank firing trainings. 2008 commander: Alibek Aslanbekov. 07.2008 recce units trainings, arty, T-80 firings. 08.2008 bn tactical exercises with firings. 09.2008 tactical traings. 03.2009 T-80 firings, control exercises. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 120 mm 2B16 Nona-K – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers. 2013: delivered Tor-M2 instead of Osa.

  2 OBRSpN Promezhits District Central Command WEST

# 64044. 2 Detached Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: 180023, Cherekhi, Promezhits, Pskov distr. 2000: 960 pers.08.2008 177 separate unit took part in war in South Ossetia.

  25 OMSBR Vladimirskyy Lager 6 A WEST

# 29760. 25 Detached Guard mot rifle Red Banner Brigade. Address: 181111, Pskov distr, Vladimirskyy Lager. ex 42 storage. 2000: 443 pers., 31 T-80; 24 Uragan, 236 MT-LBT. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 ์์ 2S3M Akatsia – 36, 2B14 Podnos– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 120 MT-LB. 4393?(2200?) pers

  16 OBRSpN Tambov District Central Command WEST

# 54607. 16 Detached Brigade of Special Purpose. Address: 392911, Tambov, B.Vasilieva str. relocated from Chukovo (Moscow). 370 separate unit took part in Chechen war, unit was destroyed in building exploded by rebels (losses: 35 killed incl. 14 officers) 14.01.1995. 13.09.2009 fire in garrison, 5 dead.

  6 OTBR Mulino/Dzerzhinsk 20 A WEST

# 54096. 6th Detached Tank Red Banner Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 606019, Nizhny Novgorod distr, Dzerzhinsk. ex 100 tk rgt 3 mot div. 2000: # 54096; 1141 pers., 91 T-80, 12 BMP-2, 4 BRM-1K, 21 2s3 Akatsia. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 18, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 6, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 94(124) T-90?80BV, 55 BMP-3?2. 2901? Pers, 241 officers, 730 sgts. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  9 OMSBR N Novgorod 20 A WEST

# 54046. 9th Detached mot rifle Vislenskaya Red Banner Order Suvorov Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: 603127, Nizhny Novgorod, Sormovo, Fedoseenko str. ex 245 mot rgt 3 mot div. Transferred from Germany. 2000: # 54046; 2204 pers., 31 T-80, 131 BMP-2, 6 BRM-1K, 22 2s3 Akatsia, 15 BMP-1KSh. Ex-Commanders col S. Morozov, lt col S.Yudin. Lt col Vasiliev killed near Pervomaiskoe (Chechnya). 1995 (1700 persons) Chechen war, attacked Groznyy, Shatoi, Vedeno. 02.1995 secured block points. 06-06.1995 mountaings campaign, captured Vedeno, put in reserve, fight near Makheti, captured several strategic points. 06.1995 captured Shatoi. 12.1995 rebels captured 11 soldiers and officers. 02.1996 operation near Novogroznenskyy. 04-05.1996 bn recce platoon near Goysky, Shatoi. 16.04.1996 rebels killed 53 soldiers. 07.1996 moved from Chechnya. Losses: 231 killed (incl 22 officers), 19 MIA, 54 BMP, 5 tanks, 4 BTR, 13 BRDM. 1999 commander Valery Zaitsev. 12.1999-01.2000 captured Groznyy. Total Chechen war losses: 317 persons killed. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S3M Akatsia– 36, 120 mm 2S12 Sani– 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P148 Konkurs – 12, 9A33BM2(3) Osa – 12, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-90?80, 120 มฬฯ-3?2. 4393?(3500?) pers. 2013: rearming to T-72B3

  147 SAP Kalininets 2 MSD WEST

# 73966. 147 Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment. Address: Moscow, Narofominsk distr, Kalininets. Formed 2013

  275 SAP Naro-Fominsk 4 TD WEST

# 73941. 275 Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment. Address: 143301, Moscow distr, Naro-Fominsk. Formed 2013

  262 BKhIRVT Boguchar District Central Command WEST

# 63453. 262 Base of Storage and Repair. Address: Voronezh distr. Boguchar. (1st det tk bde). Ex 10 tk div. 2000: 203 T-80, 322 BMP, 60 2s19 Msta-S, 75 2s3 Akatsia, 12 Grad. Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S - 18, 2B14 Podnos– 6, 9P148 Konkurs – 18, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 1 separate tk bde 94 T-80, 55 BMP-2

  55 arsenal (Ars-V) Rzhev District Central Command WEST

55 arsenal (Ars-V). 2000: 84 pers., 32 Uragan, 27 Grad

  99 BKhiRVT Tver 20 A WEST

99 Guard Novgorod-Vitebsk Double Red Banner Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Address: Tver. (13 det mot bde). Planned staff 2009: BM-21 Grad – 18, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 36, 2B14 Podnos – 18, 100 mm MT-12 Rapira – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 12, 57-mm AZP – 18, 9A34(35) Strela-10 – 6, 2S6M Tunguska – 6. 41(82) T-80, 130 BTR-70?80

  244 ABR Kaliningrad Coastal Troops WEST

# 41603. 244 Artillery Neman Red Banner Order Kutuzov, Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: 236009, Kaliningrad, Gorkogo str, 180. ex- 689 mlrs rgt. 36 Giatsint, 18 Grad. 08.2011 night arty firings.


Crew: 5 (8 with 9K51 Complex)
Chassis: Ural 375-D 6x6 wheeled
Weight, tons 13.7
Dimensions ,m 7.35 x 3.1 x 2.4
Engine ZIL 375, 180 hp V-8
Range, km 450 km
Speed ,km/h 75/35
Armament 122-mm, 9P132
40 (4 rows of 10 tubes)
40 rounds in 20 seconds
.5 seconds per rocket
Reload time: 10 minutes
Elevation (ฐ) (-/+)
- 0/+55ฐ
FIRE CONTROL PG-1M Panoramic Telescope (PANTEL)
K-1
AMMUNITION 122-mm Frag-HE, 9M22U:
Range: 5000/20,380 m
Warhead: 18.4kg (M21OF)
Fuze type: MRV-U (PD)
122-mm Frag-HE, 9M28F :
Range: 1500/15,000
Warhead weight: 21 kg
Smoke, Incendiary, Chemical, RF Jam-mer, Illumination, Antitank mines, Antipersonnel mines


[CROSSREFERENCES: USED BY ]

1174 Rogov class
A very large LST-type ship, equipped as a completely multifunctional amphibious assault ship. Capable of independently transporting, landing and supporting a full battalion of naval infantry. Can land troops and equipment by helicopter, landing craft or by beaching; large bombardment rocket ...[+]

775 Ropucha class
Given the designation Large Landing Ship, the Ropucha class of tank landing ship was produced in Poland for the Soviet Navy. designed for roll-on, roll-off operations, the Ropucha design has both bow and stern doors, and the 630 square metres of vehicle deck stretches the length of the hull. ...[+]

1171 Tapir /Alligator class large landing ships
General-purpose LST-type ships; beachable. Now aged and being retired. There are numerous detail variations throughout the class. Some of the units listed below may be in reserve, especially in light of decreased emphasis on amphibious operations in recent years. Classification: Bol'shoy ...[+]

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

Grad projectiles
M-21OF (9M22U) 122 mm Unguided Rocket Projectile fitted with HE-Fragmentation Warhead The RP is designed to engage manpower, sheltered and in the open, unarmored materiel and APCs in concentration areas, artillery and mortar batteries, command posts and other targets. Technical specifications ...[+]


MLRS "Grad" consists of:

Fighting vehicle BM-21-1 (index 2B17)
Transport vehicle (TV) 9T254
Rocket projectiles (RP)

Calibre, mm 122
Range of fire, km:
maximum 40
minimum 5
Full salvo fire time, s 20
Number of tubes, pcs 40
Mass of base RP, kg 66,6
FV weight, t 13,7
Crew, men 3
Loading time, min. 7
Time from taking up unprepared
fire position to engagement, min. 3
Time of leaving fire position after salvo fire, min. 1
Area covered by one salvo, ha 14,5
Ammunition capacity at racks assembly, pcs 60

Caliber 122 mm
Number of launching tubes 36
Full salvo time 18 sec
Weight of the LV fully loaded 10,425 kg
Top speed of the fully loaded LV
on the roads with hard pavement 80 km
per hour
Fuel endurance 525 km
Maximum elevation angle 55 deg.
Overall dimensions in traveling position:
- length
- width
- height
6900 mm
2500 mm
2480 mm
Crew 3


In 1965 the production of 122-mm MLRS "Grad" is organized. At that time the new aerodynamic rocket stabilization was created, rocket fin assembly being in the folded position when loaded is straightened out and fixed rigidly on leaving the launching tube. This allowed to design a compact cluster of launching tubes. OAO "Motovilikhinskiye zavody" has armed the Armies of different countries with more than 2000 pieces of BM-21 MLRS.

At present BM-21 is manufactured on a diesel chassis Ural - 4320 as an up-dated model BM-21-1 (index 2B17) with the automated guidance and fire control system (AGFCS), satellite navigation system (NAP SNS), launch preparation equipment (LPE), providing:

initial orientation of tube cluster;
definition of initial coordinates;
definition of the current coordinates during movement with displaying of its location and route of movement on the computer's electronic map of the district;
guiding of tube cluster without exit of a crew from a cabin and without use of laying points;
automated distance data input to the fuse of rocket projectile (RP);
launch of RP without exit of a crew from a cabin.
The fighting vehicle BM-21-1 is intended for hitting of fire force and non armoured equipment in the nearest tactical depth.

Transport vehicle (TV) 9T254 with unified assembly of racks 9F37M is intended for transportation of RP.


Few systems in the world’s artillery arsenal can boast such a wide spread as the Grad (Hail) MLRS developed in the USSR in 1963. Created by the Tula association Splav under the supervision of Chief Designer A. Ganichev, the system initially comprised the M-210F HE fragmentation unguided rocket (index number 9M22U),
BM-21 launch vehicle and a transport vehicle with 9F37 racks. Unique design approaches used to develop the system allowed for its mass production in line with extremely good effectiveness-cost criterion. A profound technological analysis of the project, including the introduction of several principally new ammunition manufacture technologies, enabled the licensed mass production of system components in virtually any state with machinebuilding industry. Such a possibility was exploited, for example, by Bulgaria, Slovakia and Rumania. The Grad system is in the inventory of armies in at least 50 countries.
It should be mentioned here that several countries appreciated the high qualities of the system and mastered production of their own replicas of 122mm rockets after borrowing the design approaches of the Tula association. Manufacturers demonstrated at a number of international exhibitions such models of "Grad cousins", although they actually looked like twins. For over 30 years the Grad MLRS has remained, in terms of performance, unsurpassed by any 122mm multiple launch rocket system manufactured throughout the world. It would be wrong to believe that the Splav State Research and Production Association fielded this developed system only to abandon its creation and switch to building up weapon power only by increasing the caliber and creating excellent systems, such as the 220mm Uragan and 300mm Smerch. Time is harsh even on the best specimens of designer thought. Technical progress does not mark time and requires permanent work on weapon upgrading; otherwise, even the strongest market positions may be lost.
Aware of this fact, Splav continued to work on 122mm systems. Initially, work was aimed to expand the list of ammunition used to diversify combat employment of the Grad MLRS.
Splav has already created the following items of ammunition:
- rocket to plant antipersonnel mines; a salvo of 20 rockets can reliably mine 1 km of the front at ranges of up to 13.4 km;
- rocket to lay antitank mines ensuring the defeat of armor materiel by a focused charge possessing high armor penetration and affecting the entire bottom surface (90 rockets are required to mine 1 km of the front);


ADVERTISEMENT


- smoke-generating rocket; a salvo of 10 rockets places a continuous smoke screen, 1,000 m wide and 800 m deep, at ranges of up to 20.2 km;
- rockets to set up radio interference within 1.5 and 120 MHz, using a set of seven rockets with a firing range of 4.5 to 18.3 km;
- rocket to illuminate a 1,000 m diameter circle of terrain with a light intensity of 2 lx for 90 s at an altitude of 400 to 500 m.
The most important direction in modernization of the Grad MLRS is represented by the creation of new rockets. Ballistit solid propellant is, in terms of energy characteristics, inferior to mixed propellant; consequently, the latter’s use in rocket propulsion units allows for an increase in the maximum firing range and payload, thereby enhancing rocket power. It is only natural that the replacement of the propellant requires a complete redesign of the propulsion unit, while the weighting of the warhead provides an opportunity to consider several interesting versions of its filler. Therefore, the designers of the Splav State Research and Production Association, headed by Director General Nikolai Makarovets and Chief Designer Gennady Denezhkin, speak in proposals about the creation of new 122mm rockets for the Grad MLRS.
The first of them concerns a rocket with a maximum firing range of up to 35 km and enhanced power warhead. It uses a mixed propellant motor and prefragmented HE warhead loaded with enhanced power explosive. If the motor is replaced and the old warhead is used, the rocket range increases to 36 km. According to specialists, the effectiveness of target engagement by this rocket will increase on average twofold, compared to the standard rocket.
The second rocket under development has a separable HE fragmentation warhead and a maximum firing range of up to 33 km. It can be fitted with two types of fuzes: electronic or mechanical time fuze and contact fuze. In the first case, the warhead separates by an electronic fuze command, applied before launch either manually or remotely from the launch vehicle cab. Inconsiderable retrofitting of the launch vehicle is required for remote input: the launch tubes should be fitted with contactless input devices, while remote setting equipment should be installed in the cab and interconnected by cables.
In the second case, the time to separate the warhead is introduced into the time fuze via a manual mechanical setter. After operation of any type time fuze, the rocket functions in the same way: the warhead separates, the parachute deploys to decelerate and stabilize the warhead to ensure its approach to the target at an angle close to the vertical. On impact with the target, the contact sensor operates and explodes the warhead.
When firing for blast effect only, no commands are applied to time fuzes, and warheads do not separate from rockets. The effect of HE fragmentation rockets with separable warheads on type targets is on average sixfold higher than standard 9M22U rockets owing to a higher impact angle relative to the horizon.
The third new rocket, which can be created for the Grad MLRS, is a rocket with self-guided submunitions used to engage armor materiel at a maximum firing range of up to 33 km. Such modernizations include the development of a separable warhead loaded with two self-guided submunitions, electronic time unit and mixed solid propellant motor.
The association also can develop and supply at the customer’s request rockets with a firing range of up to 32-35 km fitted with other types of warheads such as a cluster warhead with antitank and antipersonnel mines for terrain mining and radio interference transmitters.
In addition to rocket modernization, work is underway to update the BM-21 launch vehicle, above all, to improve its operational characteristics. In particular, the cluster of metal launch tubes is replaced by two dispensable launching transporting containers (LTC), made of polymer composite materials. They are mounted on the launch vehicle via a special additional adapter frame.
LTCs ensure the transportation and launch of rockets, as well as their storage on vehicles and in arsenals. Launch vehicles are reloaded by replacing containers with aid of load handling facilities. The containers are interfaced via a special electric connector. The retrofit can be carried out directly at the vehicle user site. After implementing the plans marked by the Splav State Research and Production Association, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, as well as all interested customers, will receive a new, much more effective weapon system corresponding to up-to-date designs and technological levels, which will play an important role in artillery armament. Interest has been displayed in this problem as attested by specialists and management of the Splav State Research and Production Association during negotiations in Russia and abroad. This is corroborated by the following example. During the Eurosatory-96 exhibition in June 1996, the State Company Rosvoorouzhenie, Splav and French firm Celerg announced that joint design work to modernize 122mm rockets for the Grad MLRS had been completed. Owing to the use of a new Russian-French motor, a new propellant of the firm Celerg and improvements to the aerodynamic parameters of the Splav-produced rocket, its range has been extended to 36 km and firing accuracy has been improved. The firms announced their readiness to supply modernized rockets to the countries that have Grad MLRS in operational service. No comment, as they say.

 


9m22u Grad MLRS image #337

9m22u Grad MLRS image #35

9m22u Grad MLRS image #1019

9m22u Grad MLRS image #1020

9m22u Grad MLRS image #1021

9m22u Grad MLRS image #2147

9m22u Grad MLRS image #2213

9m22u Grad MLRS image #2289

9m22u Grad MLRS image #2431



ส๋เ๑๑!

COMMENTS



E-BOOK: RUSSIAN ARMS 2012, 1497 pages (screenshots)

Comprehensive catalog of Russian Arms provides extended information on 600 modern and perspective Russian weapons systems, their specifications, deployed number and locations; information about Russian Armed Forces, Ministry of Defense, military and related organizations, Russian Military Deployments, State of the Russian Navy, State of the Russian Air Force.

Format: Adobe Acrobat PDF 7+
File size: 46 Mb
(!) free updates during 12 months

*New: included Russian Arms video for your computer and mobile phone:
Total time: 120 min, screen size: 320x240. File size: 325 Mb

Price: $ 59.95   Buy online!   or download invoice




วเ๙่๒เ ๎๒ ddos



Gas masks, filters, CBW suits for sale