Database / Missiles / mlrs  / 9p140 uragan (hurricane) 220 mm mlrs

9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS

Statistics:
Total number (active): ~ 286
Competitor
M270 MLRS (~857)  Compare
Used in:
+90 in torage

9k58 Smerch MLRS | M270 MLRS
30 30 857 857
9m22u Grad MLRS | M270 MLRS
947 947 857 857
9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS | M270 MLRS
286 286 857 857
* where available



Table 2. MOD Commands and Deployments

BASELOCATIONCMDD/F
  120 ABR Yurga 41 A CENTER

120 Artillery Brigade. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18. 2012 relocated from Chistie Klyuchi.

  950 REAP Totskoe 2 A CENTER

# 92190. 950 Reactive-Artillery Regiment. Address: Orenburg distr, Totskoe. 2000: 158 pers., 35 9p140 Uragan, 42 MT-LB. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 24

  232 REABR Chebarkul Central Military District CENTER

# 31643. 232 Reactive-Artillery Brigade. Address: Chelyabinsk distr, Chebarkul. 2000: 48 Uragan. Planned staff 2009: 18 Uragan. 2012 relocated from Chistie Klyuchi or disbanded

  7019 BKhIRVT Chistie Klyuchi Central Military District CENTER

7019 Praha Red Banner Oder Suvorov Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 54, 100 mm MT-12 – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 36. 2012 relocated or disbanded

  305 ABR Severnyy(Ussuryysk) Eastern MD EAST

# 39255. 305 Artillery Gumbensk Red Banner Brigade. Address: 692511, Primorie, Ussuryysk, Severnyy. 2000: 2a36 Giatsint-B. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2S5 Giatsint– 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18

  165 ABR Nikolskoe (Belogorsk) Eastern MD EAST

# 02901. 165 Artillery Prauge Red Banner Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Brigade. Address: 676865, Amur distr, Belogorsk-15. 2000: D-20. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18

  200 ABR Gornyy/Drovyanaya 29 A EAST

# 48271. 200 Artillery Brigade. Address: Chita distr, Gornyy. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18. 04.2011 inspected by 29OA CINC commission.

  338 REABR Novosysoevka Eastern MD EAST

# 57367. 338 Guard Reactive Artillery Neva-Dvina Order Alexandr Nevsky Brigade. Address: 692350, Primorie, Novosysoevka. 2000: 54 Grad, 27 Uragan. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 18

  7018 BKhIRVT Drovyanaya Eastern MD EAST

7018 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 54, 100 mm MT-12– 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 36

  7020 BKhIRVT Ussuryysk Eastern MD EAST

7020 Kharbin Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2S5 Geotsint– 54, 100 mm MT-12 – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S– 36

  7021 BKhIRVT Nikolskoe Eastern MD EAST

7021 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 54, 100 mm MT-12 – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 36

  7021 BKhIRVT Nikolskoe Eastern MD EAST

7021 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 54, 100 mm MT-12 – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 36

  291 ABR Troitskaya Southern Military District SOUTH

# 64670. 291 Artillery Order Suvorov Brigade. Address: Ingushetia, Troitskaya. prev. in 67 AC. 2000: 365 pers., 48 2a65 Msta-B, 5 M-30. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 36, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18. 2011: moved from Maikop to Troitskaya. 11.2012 delivered first 12 AT Khrisantema-S.

  943 REAP Krasnooktyabrskyy Southern Military District SOUTH

# 21797. 943 Reactive-Artillery Regiment. Address: 385741, Adygeya, Maikop, Krasnooktyabr'skyy. prev. in 67 AC. 2000: 215 pers., 36 Uragan. 08.2008 took part in war in South Ossetia. Planned staff 2009: 24 9P140 Uragan

  9 ABR Luga 6 A WEST

# 02561. 9 Guard Artillery Order Kutuzov Brigade. Address: Leningrad distr, Luga. 2000: 180 pers., 48 - 2s5 Giatsint-S, 48 -2a65 Msta-B, 1 9a52 Smerch. 2004 commander: cln Anatoly Ryazanov. 08.2004 took part in practical trainings. 07.2005 Army Artillery Competition. 09.2005 firings "Rapira". 07.2008 army competition of arty battery commanders. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18. 09.2011 tactical exercises.

  288 ABR Mulino 20 A WEST

# 30683. 288 Artyllery Warsaw Brandenburg Red Banner Order Kutuzov Order Bogdan Khmelnitskyy Order Red Star Brigade. Address: Volodarsky distr, Mulino. Earlier in Inzhenernyy. 2000: 385 pers., 72 2a65 Msta-B; 1 PRP-3, 5 PRP-4, 4 1b19, 12 - 1b18. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 8, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 18, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S – 18

  55 arsenal (Ars-V) Rzhev District Central Command WEST

55 arsenal (Ars-V). 2000: 84 pers., 32 Uragan, 27 Grad

  7014 BKhIRVT Luga District Central Command WEST

# 92882. 7014 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Address: Luga. ex 107 storage. 2000: 69 pers., 128 MT-LBT. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2S19 Msta-S – 18, 152 mm 2S5 Geotsint – 36, 100 mm MT-12 – 6, 9P149 Shturm-S - 36

  7015 BKhIRVT Mulino District Central Command WEST

7015 Base of Storage and Repair of Armament and Equipment. Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Mulino. Planned staff 2009: 9P140 Uragan – 16, 152 mm 2A65 Msta-B – 54, 100 mm MT-12 – 12, 9P149 Shturm-S – 36


Date of Introduction 1977
Proliferation At least 7 countries
Description
Crew 4
Chassis/Carriage ZIL-135LM 8x8 wheeled
Combat Weight (mt) 20.0
Chassis Length Overall (m) 9.3
Height Overall (m) 3.2
Width Overall (m) 2.8
Automotive Performance
Engine Type 2 each - 177 hp, 8 cylinder, 4-stroke gasoline engines
Cruising Range (km) 500 km
Speed (km/h)
Max Road 65
Max Off-Road INA
Cross-Country INA
Max Swim N/A
Fording Depths (m) Unprepared 1.2
Emplacement Time (min) 3
Displacement Time (min) 3
Radio R-123M
Protection
Armor, Front (mm) None
Armor Side (mm) None
Armor Roof (mm) None
Self-Entrenching Blade No
NBC Protection System No
Smoke Equipment No
ARMAMENT
Launcher
Caliber, Type, Name 220-mm, 9P140
Number of Tubes 16 (2 rows of 6 tubes and 1 row of 4 tubes)
Launch Rate
Full Salvo Time 16 rounds in 20 seconds
Single Rocket Interval 1.25 seconds per rocket
Loader Type Manual
Reload Time 15-20 minutes
Launcher Drive Electric
Traverse (°)
Left 30
Right 30
Total 60
Elevation (°) (-/+) -0/+55°
FIRE CONTROL
Indirect Fire PG-1M Panoramic Telescope (PANTEL)
Collimator K-1
Fire Control Computer None
Position Location System None
MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION
Caliber, Type, Name
220-mm Frag-HE, 9M27F
Indirect Fire Range (m)
Minimum Range 10,000
Maximum Range 35,000
Warhead Weight (kg) 100
Rocket Length (m) 4.8
Maximum Velocity INA
Fuze Type Electronic timing (ET)
220-mm DPICM, 9M27K
Indirect Fire Range (m)
Minimum Range 10,000
Maximum Range 35,000
Warhead Weight (kg) 90
Rocket Length (m) 5.1
Maximum Velocity INA
Fuze Type Electronic timing (ET)
220-mm Antitank, 9M27K2
Indirect Fire Range (m)
Minimum Range 10,000
Maximum Range 35,000
Warhead Weight (kg) 90
Rocket Length (m) 5.1
Maximum Velocity INA
Fuze Type Electronic timing (ET)
Caliber, Type, Name
220-mm Antipersonnel, 9M27K3
Indirect Fire Range (m)
Minimum Range 10,000
Maximum Range 35,000
Warhead Weight (kg) 90
Rocket Length (m) 5.1
Maximum Velocity INA
Fuze Type Electronic timing (ET)
220-mm Antitank, 9M59
Indirect Fire Range (m)
Minimum Range 10,000
Maximum Range 35,000
Warhead Weight (kg) 90
Rocket Length (m) 5.1
Maximum Velocity INA
Fuze Type Electronic timing (ET)

[CROSSREFERENCES: ARMAMENT ]

220 mm Uragan Rocket Projectiles
9M27F 220 mm Rocket Projectile fitted with HE-Fragmentation Warhead The 9M27F RP is designed to engage manpower, soft-skinned and lightly-armored materiel, to destroy command posts, communications centers and military-industrial facilities. Basic Specifications Caliber 220 mm Weight ...[+]


In 1975 the production of 220-mm MLRS "Uragan" is organized.

The main way of fire - from closed positions. Firing from a cabin is possible. MLRS "Uragan" can be transported by railway, water, air transport.

The system can be used in conditions of enemy's application of the nuclear, chemical, bacteriological weapon at any time of year and day, in various climatic conditions at air temperature from -40OC up to +50OC.

The fighting vehicle (FV) 9P140 is intended for firing by rocket projectiles (RP) to annihilate enemy open and covered manpower and materiel at concentration areas, on a march and in battle orders, to destruct helicopters and aircrafts at airfields, command posts, fuel depots and other targets.

MLRS "Uragan" allows to transport rockets in the launching tubes, it is equiped with an electric guidance drive, communication and night-vision devices.



The “Uragan” Multiple Rocket Launcher System (9K57) is designed to engage any type of group targets the susceptible elements of which are manpower sheltered or in the open, soft-skinned and armored materiel of the motorized infantry and tank companies, artillery, tactical missiles, SAM systems units, helicopters on landing sites, command posts, communications centers and military-industrial (defense) facilities.

Basic Specifications
Range of fire:
- maximum 35 km
- minimum 10 km
Number of launching tubes 16
Caliber of rocket projectiles 220 mm
Weight of the RP 270 to 280 kg
Salvo time 20 sec
Number of RPs carried by
one Transporter-Loader 16
LV crew 4
Tranporter-loader crew 3
Time to load the LV 20 min
Time to prepare the LV for action Not more than 3 min
Time for urgent leaving
of the firing position after launch Not more than 1,5 min

Ambient Operation Conditions
Operating temperature range:
- Rocket Projectiles (RPs) -50..+50 °C
- Launch vehicle, Transporter-Loader -40..+50 °C
RPs short-term stay (up to 6hr)
temperature range -60..+60 °C
Ground wind Up to 20 m per sec
Relative air humidity at 20 to 25 °C Up to 98 per cent
Dust content in the ground air Up to 2 g per m3
Altitude Up to 3000 m


MLRS "Uragan" consists of:

Fighting vehicle (FV) 9P140
Transport - loading vehicle (TLV) 9T452
Rocket projectiles (RP)

Calibre, mm 220
Range of fire, max, km 35
Full salvo time, s 20
Covered area, ha 22
Number of tubes, pcs 16
FV weight, t 20,2
Crew, men 4
Reloading time, min 15
The maximal movement speed
of loaded FV on asphalt highway, km/h 65


9P140 Launch Vehicle

Chassis ZIL-135LM
Caliber 220 mm
Number of launching tubes 16
Full salvo time
Weight of LV less RPs and crew 15,100 kg
Weight of the LV fully loaded 20,000 kg
Top speed of the LV fully loaded
on roads with hard pavement 65 km
per hour
Fuel endurance 500 km
Maximum elevation angle 55 deg.
Angles of traverse:
- to the right
- to the left
30 deg.
30 deg.
Overall dimensions in traveling position:
- length
- width
- height
9630 mm
2800 mm
3225 mm
Crew 4


9T452 Transporter-Loader

The 9T452 Transporter-Loader is designed to carry the “Uragan” MRLS rocket projectiles, as well as to load and unload the 9P140 Launch Vehicle.

Chassis ZIL-135LM
Number of on-vehicle RPs 16
Weight of the TL fully loaded 20,000 kg
Top speed of the TL fully loaded
on roads with hard pavement 65 km
per hour
Fuel endurance 500 km
Crew 2

The 9P140 Uragan (previously referred to incorrectly as BM-22) is the world’s first modern fin and spin-stabilized heavy rocket system. The BM-27 was first seen in 1977, hence the preliminary designation MRL M1977. The launcher, 9T452 transloader, rockets, and support equipment constitutes the 9K57 complex. The 220-mm rocket launcher (16-round) BM-27 is mounted on a ZIL-1 35 8x8 truck chassis similar to that used for the FROG-7 system. Launch tubes are arranged in three banks, with the lower two banks having six tubes each and the upper bank having four tubes. Essentially a scaled-up version of the BM-21, the 9P140 use many of the same design features.

The Russian BM-27 MRL system, with rocket projectiles of 220mm in caliber, boasts a firing range of up to 40 km. The BM-27 fires rockets with high-explosive fragmentation, chemical, and scatterable-mine submunition warheads. The fin- and spin-stabilized rockets are estimated to have a range of 35,000-40,000 meters, greatly exceeding the ranges of earlier Soviet heavy rocket launchers. The maximum rate of fire for the BM-27 is approximately one round per second. Reloading the launcher with a second set of 16 rockets takes up to 20 minutes.

The 9P140 and its transloader are both based on variants of the gasoline-powered ZIL-135LM 8-ton 8x8 chassis. The truck is unusual in that it uses two engines, each driving the wheels on one side of the truck, and only the front and rear axles steer. The 9P140 cab has a blast shield that is raised during firing, and the vehicle is stabilized during firing by two manually emplaced hydraulic jacks at the rear of the chassis. The launcher has electrically powered traversing and elevating mechanisms. During travel, the launcher assembly is oriented rearward and a light sheet metal cover over the muzzle end of the tubes prevents foreign material from entering the tube. This is a safety feature that is designed for travel when loaded. There is no such cover for the muzzle end of an unloaded launcher.

The BM-27 launch vehicle is complemented by a reload vehicle, also based on the ZIL-1 35 chassis. It is a flatbed vehicle carrying 16 rockets arranged in two stacks positioned on either side of the vehicle bed. A loading device used to transfer the rockets from the reload vehicle to the launcher is mounted between the two stacks.

The BM-27 replaced the 122-mm rocket launcher (40-round) BM-21 in the rocket launcher brigade of front- level artillery divisions and in the rocket launcher regiment at army level. However, it was not expected to replace the BM-21 at division level.

 

9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS image #1016

9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS image #1017

9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS image #1018

9P140 Uragan (Hurricane) 220 mm MLRS image #2499



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