Table 1. Active ships [NAVY]
Laid: 30.04.71. Kara-2.
23.1.1975 entered BLS.
10-14.8.1984, 11 - 15.8.1989 visited Varna (Bulgaria).
28.6 - 2.7.1989 visited Istanbul (Turkey).
named to task force scheduled to deploy to Adriatic during Operation ALLIED FORCE, Apr 99. 524(74). 529(75-76), 534(77),703(78 и 85), 715 (79-80),708(87), 717(89), 711(90), 713 (2000).
2003-2004: overhaul in Sevastopol.
11.01.2005 laid up in Novorossiisk for overhaul. 01.2007+ active BLS. 29.07.2007 took part in Naval parade in Sevastopol. 11.2007 took part in sea exercises, arty trainings. 03.2008 sea BLS exercises near Novorossysk. 04.2008 BLS sea trainings. Reapairs? 10.2008 sea trials. 03.2009 sea control exercices. 24.12.2009 arty and AD trainings jointly with Pytlivy. 06.2010 sea exercises as BLS flagship. 08.2011 K-2 exercises, arty firings. 09.2013 visited by senator Tarlo.
[CROSSREFERENCES | ARMAMENT:]
D. (tons): 5,650-6,200 tons standard
7,535-7,700 tons full load
Speed (kts): 34
Dimensions (m): 158.9-159.0 meters long
16.8-17.0 meters beam
6.0-7.8 meters draft
M./Engine: COGAG: 3 M-62/GTZA cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 18 knots; 4 M8E/GTU-12A boost gas turbines, 80,000 shp; 2 shafts, 92,000 hp; 3'000 n.m/30 kts
Armament: 8 SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles,
4 B-303A VLS systems (24 S-300MPU/SA-N-6 Fort/Grumble SAM),
1 Shtorm SAM system (36 V-611/SA-N-3 Goblet SAM),
2 Osa-M SAM systems (40 4M-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM)
2 x 2 AK-726 DP (2x76 mm)
4 x AK-630 gattl. AA
(6x30 mm; 6'000 rds/m/mount)
2 x 12 RBU-6000 ASW RL (R: 3'000 m)
2 x 6 RBU-1000 ASW RL (R: 1'200 m)
4 533mm torpedo tubes
Electronics: Radar: MR-600 Voshkhod/Top Sail 3-D air search, MR-310U Angara-M/Head Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MG-332 Titan-2T/Bull Nose hull mounted MF, MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail MF VDS
Fire Control: 1 Top Dome SA-N-6 SAM control, 1 Grom/Head Lights-C SA-N-3/SS-N-14 SAM/SSM control, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SA-N-4 SAM control
EW: Kol'cho suite with MR-410 Gurzhor-A&B/Side Globe intercept, Bell Clout, Bell Slam, Bell Tap (all intercept and/or jammers), 2 PK-2 decoy RL
KA-27/29/32 Helix* Naval helicopter
Ka-32 - last machine of N. Kamov. The helicopter has made its first flight on December 24, 1973, after a month after death of the designer. Military variant of this helicopter is Ka-27. In West the helicopters of the given type for the first time are known in a 1981, when they were remarked ...[+]
AK 630 /M/M2
The AK-630M-MR-123-02 Artillery system is intended for defence of the surface ships from precision guided weapons, fixed/rotary wing aircraft, as well as for engagement of small sea and coastal targets and floating mines.
The system comprises the AK-630M Gun Mount, MR-123-02 Fire Control ...[+]
SA-8 /* SAN-4 Gekko / 9K33* Osa
9K33 Osa/SA-8 Gecko: specifications and image.
SA-N-6 Grumble / S-300* Rif
The RIF task force protection AD system is designed to protect a naval formation against air attacks and destroy surface targets. The primary mission of the system is to destroy anti-ship/anti-radar missile carrier ships and electronic countermeasures ships at long distance beyond the formation's ...[+]
Owing to basic performance characteristics, the Russian torpedoes are on a par with their foreign counterparts and even surpass them in terms of reliability and ease of operation.
The modern torpedo is one of the most effective weapons in submarine warfare. Torpedoes constitute the primary ...[+]
Antisubmarine weapon systems using depth charges occupy an important place among various antisubmarine weapons now operational with navies.
In the Russian Navy, the most widely used shipborne weaponry of this type is represented by Smerch family antisubmarine rocket systems.
One such example ...[+]
As demonstrated by the experience of local conflicts, the role of naval gun armament increased considerably in recent years despite the intensive introduction of missile armament. Heightened attention to naval gun armament is attributable first and foremost to the wane in the euphoria of naval ...[+]
SA-N-3 Goblet / Shtorm
The Shtorm (Storm) shipborne SAM system (SA-N-3 'Goblet') was designed in the late 1960s for air defense and does not have an analogue in ground forces. The system consists of a rotary launcher with two ready for launch SAMs and an antenna post.
The Shtorm system is installed on the Moskva ...[+]
RPK-8 RBU-6000 ASW
The RPK-8 Antisubmarine Rocket System is designed to engage submarines, torpedoes and frogmen.
It comprises the RBU-6000 Rocket Launcher, antisubmarine rockets, fire control system, and storage, transportation and loading facilities.
The rocket with underwater projectile is fitted with a HE ...[+]
Fourth of the seven 'Kara' class hulls, modified during construction as a test ship for the SA-N-6 SAM system. Major modification was replacement of aft SA-N-3 SAM system with SA-N-6 SAM. SA-N-6 SAM gives this ship considerably more AAW capability than the vast majority of Russian ships.
The `Kara' class design is generally similar to that of the Kresta II, but is longer and powered by gas rather than steam turbines. The two SA-N-3 launchers are mounted fore and aft, with their associated Head Lights fire-control systems being one of the dominant features of the ship. The large mainmast supports the very large Top Sail radar. As in the Kresta II there are four SS-N-15 launchers either side of the bridge.
Azov is of a modified design as the SA-N-6 trials ship and emerged from the Black Sea only in June 1986. All are fitted with stabilisers. Petropavlovsk has a higher hangar with two Round House Tacan on each side. The helicopter is raised to flight deck level by a lift in all of the class.
The `Kresta' class main gun armament consists of two twin 57 mm, but in the `Kara' class this has been increased to two twin main 76.2 mm guns. As in the earlier ships, however, these are sited in the waist and have an arc of fire of some 150o on the beam. Similarly, the 30 mm CIWS turrets are sited in two pairs either side of the stack covering their respective beams, but unable to cover the forward or after arcs.
The hangar arrangements are unusual. The helicopter is pulled forward from the flight deck into the upper hangar, the roof of which is hinged at the forward end and must be raised to allow the aircraft to enter. The helicopter is positioned on an elevator platform and is then lowered into the hangar proper. Petropavlovsk, while similar to the other ships of the class (except Azov) in other respects has a different hangar arrangement. In this ship the hangar roof is higher and is flanked by two Round House Tacan, which replace the RBU-1000 in this ship.
Azov was the trials ship for the SA-N-6 missile system, which replaces the after SA-N-3 installation. The associated Top Dome radome replaces the Head Light on the after deckhouse roof.
Kerch entered refit in the late 1980s, which included the installation of a Flat Screen radar, in place of the Top Sail. This would have been installed in other ships of the class during their refits, but, in the event, Kerch remains the only one.
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