Database / Missiles / air-to-air  / aa-12 amraamski / r-77 rvv family


R-77M AA-12 mod PD - longer range version
R-77 AA-12 mod IR Imaging seeker
R-77E AA-12 mod possible ARM variant

Launch range, km:
max, in the frond hemisphere 80
min, in the aft hemisphere 0.3
Target engagement altitude, km 0.02 - 25
Launch weight, kg 175
Warhead weight, kg 22.5
Missile dimensions, m:
length 3.6
body diameter 0.2
wing span 0.4
fin span 0.7

Launch Range:
- max, at the front hemisphere, km up to 110
- min, at the aft hemisphere, km 0.3
Target altitude, km - 0,02 - 25
Launch weight, kg not more than 190
Missile dimensions, m
- length 3.71
- diameter 0.2
- wing span 0.42
- fin span 0.68

Launch Range:
- max, at the front hemisphere, km 0.3
- min, at the aft hemisphere, km up to 40
Targeting angles, degrees - 60
Target altitude, km - 0,02 - 20
Targets g-factor, g up to 12
Launch weight, kg - 106
Warhead weight, kg - 8
Missile dimensions, m
- length 2. 92
- diameter 0.17
- wing span 0.51
- fin span 0.385


MIG-29/MIG-35 Fulcrum Counter-Air Fighter
During the MAKS '97 Air Show, the President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin stayed over half an hour, instead of the scheduled five minutes, in the pavilion of the MIG "MAPO." He was attracted by the latest updated version of the famous MiG-29SMT fighter. Impressively built President ...[+]

YAK-141 Freestyle V/STOL multirole fighter
The Yakovlev Yak-141 'Freestyle' was to have been Russia's second generation V/STOL fighter to replace Yak-38s on 'Kiev' class carriers, but official development was cancelled due to a lack of funding. The operational limitations of the Yak-38 -it is subsonic, has poor payload range performance ...[+]

Su-30 Two-seat multirole fighter
An analysis of air force inventories in the majority of countries in the Asia-Pacific region indicates that local fighter forces mostly consist of obsolete U.S.-made F-5 and F-4 aircraft. Only a few air forces are armed with relatively new versions of the F-16 and F/A-18 fighters. Purchases ...[+]

SU-35 all-weather counter-air fighter
Advanced development of Su-27; airframe, power plant, avionics and armament all upgraded; quadruplex digital fly-by-wire controls under development by Avionika; longitudinal static instability; tandem 'triplane' layout, with foreplanes; double-slotted flaperons; taller, square-tip twin tailfins ...[+]

SU-37 multirole fighter
Emphasis on super-agility, typified by kulbit manoeuvre in which Su-37 pitches up rapidly beyond vertical, through a tight 360? somersault within its own length, and pulls out to resume level flight with minimal height loss. Alexander Andrianov Military Parade editor As an air superiority ...[+]

S32/37 Golden Eagle Su-47 Firkin
The local and foreign press have published articles reporting that in the S-37 Russia has created a "multi-purpose fighter of the fifth generation, combining features of a supersonic super maneuverable aircraft undetectable by radar and infra-red surveillance devices." S-37 Current ...[+]

SU-39 Close support/ground attack
Su-39 is an all-weather attack system capable of executinga large number of combat missions assigned both to effectively and reliably safeguard the ground,sea and air frontiers of the country and use the aviation of peacekeeping forces in local conflicts The number of major political developments ...[+]

SU-34/32FN Fullback Long range fighter-bomber
The Su-34 is a two seat (side by side, rather than tandem) development of the Su-27 fighter intended for long range strike, replacing older types such as the Su-17, MiG-27 and Su-24, while the Su-32FN is a shore based maritime strike fighter. When the Su-34 first appeared in 1991 confusion ...[+]

MIG-39/1.42 MFI Flatpack
Mikoyan article 1.42 also known as MFI (Mnogofunktsionalny Frontovoi Istrebitel - Multifunctional Frontline Fighter), and sometimes referred to in the West as "ATFski" is a low-observable (LO) multirole fighter. The primary mission of the 1.42 is air-superiority as the primary mission, which ...[+]

PAK-FA Sukhoi T-50
Development of Russia's LFI (logkiy frontovoi istrebitel) lightweight tactical fighter has been dramatically accelerated after the Russian Air Force decided its priorities for the next 10 years. Revealed here exclusively as the I-2000 (Istrebitel {fighter} 2000) project, the aircraft is due ...[+]

The most recent Russian R-77 medium-range missiles (AA-12 "AMRAAMSKI") is similar to and in some respects equal to the American AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles. The R-77 missile has an active radar finder and a maximim range of 90-100 kilometers (50 km more than AMRAAM) and flies at four times the speed of sound.

The AA-12 has rectangular narrow span wings and a distinctive set of four rectangular control surfaces at the rear. similar to the configuration used on the terminal control fins of the SS-21 'Scarab' and SS-23 'Spider' ballistic missiles. These unique control surfaces feature reduced flow separation at high angles of attack, producing greater aerodynamic moment force than conventional control surfaces.

The missile's guidance is inertial with mid-course updates from the launch aircraft, followed by a terminal active radar phase from an acquisition range of about 20 kilometers.
[51]. Work on the R-77 began in 1982, and the work was considered quite significant and secret since it represented their first fully multi-purpose missile for both tactical and strategic aircraft for fire-and-forget employment against everything from hovering helicopters to high speed, low altitude aircraft. Gennadiy Sokolovski, Vympel Design Bureau General Designer, said that the R-77 can be used also against medium and long range air-to-air missiles such as the AIM-120 AMRAAM and AIM-54 PHOENIX as well as SAM's such as the PATRIOT. Latest generation fighters are to utilize the R-77 from internal carriage where the control fins and surfaces will fold flat until the missile is catapulted clear of the aircraft for motor ignition.

The Russian AAM-AE (R-77) "AMRAAMski" [Russian RVV-AE, RVV-AE] is a new air-to-air missile that had its first delivery to fighter units in late 1992 as the AAM-AE. It continues in series production. It is designed to be used against aircraft, cruise missiles, surface-to-air missiles, and air-to-air missiles.

The AAM-AE (R-77) incorporates an active radar seeker and is described as an all-aspect, all-weather, fire-and-forget weapon that can be employed in a countermeasure environment. The missile's 20 centimeter diameter does give it a large radar cross section which is further enhanced with its four tail-mounted grid-fins.

One of the R-77's most interesting features is its grid-type control surfaces. Sokolovski said that the development for this control concept took three years of theoretical work and testing. Drag and radar "signature" are more pronounced than might be expected from conventional surfaces, but the supersonic performance outweighs the drawbacks. The density of the grid, which allows for numerous aero-surfaces to fly in the relative wind, the total surface area is increased providing better maneuverability for less weight and size.

During the initial flight phase after launch, the R-77 is controlled by an inertial auto pilot with occasional data link updates from the launch aircraft's radar on changes in spatial position or G of the target. During the terminal phase, the missile shifts to an active-radar mode. Over short distances, the missile will launch in an active mode. The host radar system maintains computed target information in case the target breaks the missile's lock-on. If the seeker is jammed, it switches automatically to a passive mode and homes on the source of jamming (HOJ).

In another version of the R-77, a terminal IR homing seeker is offered. It is not the already The use of IR tracking in the terminal mode might be logical because at the extended ranges the data link between the launch fighter and the missile might be interrupted, or the host radar may not detect jamming. The R-77 has a laser fuze and an exploding rod (bar) warhead that is capable of destroying the variable sized targets from other missiles and PGM's to bombers (AW&ST, 24Aug92, pg 62 and JDW, 27Nov93, pg26-27).

R-77 mod (extended range AA-12) "HDD-FT-KL / HDD-FT-KL"
R-77 mod integral rocket-ramjet motor with four long intakes in-line
with tail control surfaces and could attaion ranges of 100-150 km
Surface-to-Air (SAM) variant under consideration
The PD/PD is for povyshenoy dalnosti = extended range


The R-77M, would be directed against intermediate ranged targets. Older model aircraft with their older radars are supposed to be capable of incorporating the R-77 missiles. The R-77M is considered to be a combined rocket/ramjet propulsion holding the official designation of RVV-AE-PD. The PD is for povyshenoy dalnosti, which is for "improved range" which is considered around 160km. Even a more advanced variant, with a larger booster for perhaps a surface-to-air role, designated the R-77E, which could be exported, is being considered.

The RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air guided missile is intended for round-the-clock all-aspect engagement of various air targets such as fighters, bombers, attack aircraft, helicopters, military cargo aircraft and cruise missiles, against ground and water surface background, in harsh ECM environment. The missile features multi-target and fire-and-forget capabilities.


The missile can be carried on MiG/Su-type aircraft.
The missile guidance is combined: inertial with radiocorrection datalink at the initial leg and active radar homing at the terminal leg. It is powered with a fixed-thrust solid-fuel rocket engine.
The warhead is of a multi-shaped charge rod type. It is fitted with a laser proximity target sensor.
Folding lattice (electrically driven) fins is a missiles distinctive design feature, which has no matches in the world.

RVV-SD is a highly effective medium-range missile used for engaging air targets (fighters, attack aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, etc.) on a round-the-clock basis, from all aspects, under severe countermeasures, against ground or water surface, in a multi-channel firing mode in accordance with fire-and-forget principle.
It is intended for arming aircraft of MiG and Su type.
The missile features inertial guidance system with radio correction and an active radar seeker, a fixed-thrust solid fuel motor and a laser proximity fuse. The warhead is a rod type, multiple hollow charge one.
Aircraft catapult launcher AKU-170E is used for suspension. The missile may be adapted for deployment on foreign carriers.

RVV-MD, a small-range air-to-air guided missile for a close-in dogfight, can engage helicopters and aircraft of different types on a round-the-clock basis, from all aspects, against ground surface, under severe countermeasures. The missile has high maneuverability, (optical) jamming immunity. It is intended for arming fighters, attack aircraft and combat helicopters.
The missile features all-aspect passive IR guidance (two-color IR seeker) with combined aerogasdynamic control, a fixed-thrust solid fuel motor, a laser proximity fuse (for RVV-MDL) or a radar proximity fuse (for RVV-MD). The warhead is of rod type.
Aircraft rail launcher P-72-1D (P-72-1BD2) is responsible for missile suspension, energization during captive flight, combat launch and emergency jettisoning.
The missile may be adapted for foreign-made carriers.


AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #450

AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #451

AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #1142

AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #1143

AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #1144

AA-12 AMRAAMski / R-77 RVV FAMILY image #1831





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